Glossary – T


13 Zone Partigiana Piacenza: town and province in Northern Italy; stamps of Italy overprint for local use, 1944
3¢ Hawaiian Blue: cinderella used in movie The Truth About Charlie, a remake of the movie Charade
3M Corp.: contractor for stamp printing to National Label Co., 1994 Eagle self-adhesive
3PF: German bisect provisional made 1901, at New Orleans, La. by German Cruiser Vineta to meet need for printed matter rate by ship’s crew
3-Rings Nummerstempler: (Nor.) 3-concentric rings numerical oblit cancellations
3-Sidig perforeing: (Nor.) perforations on 3 sides, with straight edge on fourth side
2 x 4: at one time it was popular to cut the corner, two inches by four inches, containing the stamp and postmark off envelopes and mount them in an album
20/IX 1908: label from Bosnia Herzegovina honoring Franz Joseph, 1908
30 Koruna 1914: (Hung.) documentary revenue stamp
T: 1: abbreviation for the French word “Taxe.” When applied on a stamp, the stamp is used for payment of Postage Due; when stamped on an envelope, it signifies that Postage Due has been charged. 2: Scott Catalog number prefix for U.S. Telegraph. 3: Timbre Taxe (Fr.) stamp tax, to pay, postage due 4: (in circle) Huacho provisional local (Peru), 1884. 5: (in four corners with value in center of stamp) Dominican Republic Postage Due, 1901-42. 6: Tala, currency unit in Western Samoa. 7: incorrect currency symbol on stamps of Papua New Guinea; small “t” for reprinted stamps as correct symbol. 8: territory, when used in a postmark. 9: Transito (Spain) transit. 10: (with lion, F and numeral) Belgium, 1966-70. 11: Tarde (Sp.) afternoon. 12: Tausend (Ger.) thousand. 13: perforated on Tasmania for official. 14: auction abbreviation for top. 15: Treasurer, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 16: Ethiopia overprint on Postage Due stamps. 17: overprint on Belgian postage due stamp used from Oct. to Dec. 1919; used when post office ran out of postage due stamps. 18. international postal code for Thailand. 2
$T: dollar, currency unit in Republic of China
$T: pa’anga, currency unit in Tonga
$T&T: dollar, currency unit in Trinidad and Tobago
TA: (It.) Transito Austriaco (Austrian transit) pre-adhesive postmark
T.A.A.F.: (Fr.) Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises; (French Southern and Antarctic Territories)
Tab: an inscription printed in the margin of a stamp sheet; tabs are collected attached to the postage stamp; tablet
Tabacs-Vignette de Controle: (Fr.) taxpaid labels for tobacco
Tabac: (Fr.) tobacco products; French colony revenue inscription
Tabara: (Rom.) camp
Tabasco: overprint on stamps of Mexico for Tabasco district, 1856-1883
Tabellarii: (It.) messengers, mailmen, Roman imperial postal system, about 250 BC
Tabernacle Fair Post Office: S. Allan Taylor label
Tabernes de Valldigna: city in Spain, Spanish civil war local post, Republic, 1937
Tablet: 1: nickname given to French stamps for Peace and Commerce; due to a large tablet in the design. 2: extra piece attached to each postage stamp bearing an inscription or other design, aka tab
Tabora: unauthorized overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo for German East Africa
Tabori Fopostahivatal: (Hun.) Hungarian head field post office
Tabori Postahivatal: (Hun.) Hungarian field post office
Tábori Postá(k): (Hung.) fieldpost(s)
T.A.B.R.O.M.I.K.: TAdeusy BROnislaw MIKolajczyk society; Poland semiofficial air mail stamp, Poznan Trade Fair, May 29-June 16, 1921; dropped by a Junkers F-3 aircraft
TACA: Transportes Aereos Centro Americanos; Air line carrying mail between the U.S. and Central America, started Nov.1943
Tachado: (Sp.) obliterated, blotted out
Tache: (Fr.) spot, stain
Tacna y Arica: (Sp.) Peru postal tax stamps for plebiscite, 1925-28
Tadzikistan: inscription for Tajikistan
Tael: unit of currency used in China until 1897
Tæt klippet: (Dan.) cut close (to design)
Tafalla: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937-38
T.A.G.: 1: Transport Air Group, U.S. Marine Corps operation after WW 11. 2: Transports Aeriens Guyanais
Tåg 1 (2): (Swed.) train, first or second of day from Eslof, Sweden
Tag der Briefmarke: (Ger.) Day of the Postage Stamp
Tagesstempel: (Ger.) canceler with date
Taggant: phosphorescent added to a stamp to aid mechanical canceling, only visible under ultra-violet light; may be applied in a strip, a block or over the entire stamp
Tagged: philatelic item that has had the postage area treated with material sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) light, so that the item can be mechanically for cancelling
Tagged block: tagging applied on a stamp in a rectangle that does not touch the perforations
Tagging: phosphor coating either on a stamp or paper, that is invisible in normal light; used to activate automated mail handling equipment; first applied in Great Britain in 1959
Tagging breaks: regularly recurring interruptions in their overall tagging; found in some stamps of the U.S. Transportation Series
Tagging ghost: the ghost of a stamp image picked up from freshly printed stamps by the tagging roller and placed on the next impression
Tagliato corot: (It.) bisected
Tagliato in due: (It.) bisect, stamp cut in half which has been used to pay the postage at half the face value of the original stamp; the bisect is collected on the original cover with the postmark or cancellation covering the cut
Tah-Cheng: city in northwest China, local post, 1945
Tahiti: island in the South Pacific Ocean, former Oceanic Settlements; Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1870-75: Regular monthly service to send mail from Tahiti via San Francisco to France, 1882: No.1, 25 centimes on 35¢ dark violet and orange, local surcharge “Tahiti” on French Colonial keytype, 1893: first postage due stamp, stamps of French Colonies, 1903: “Tahiti” overprint on stamps of French Polynesia; 1915: Last Tahiti stamps were semipostal overprint on Red Cross issue, 1958: name and stamps changed to French Polynesia; French Polynesia
Tahta: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-84, Interpostal Seals
Tai-Han: Empire of Korea, Korea, 1897-1910
Tai-hu: city in East China, local post, 1949
Tai-Kiang: city in southwest China, local post, 1949 as Kwei-chow
Taille douce: (Fr.) copper plate used for line engraving
Tai-ping: city in east China, local post, 1949
Taiwan: island, 100 miles off coast of China, aka Republic of China, Nationalist China, Portuguese Formosa (Port.: beautiful), Formosa, formerly part of Chinese Empire; Currency: 100 sen = 1 yen, 100 cents = 1 new Taiwan dollar 1886: first stamps issued as part of China, 1887: local stamp issued, 1894: ceded to Japan after Sino-Japanese War,1895: “Black Flag Republic” stamps, 1904: first postage due stamp, 1920, Dec.1: first semipostal,1921, July 1: first air mail stamp, 1931-1945: Sino-Japanese War; stamps of Japan used during Japanese occupation, 1941: first registration stamp, 1942: overprint on stamps of China for Japanese occupation, 1943: first military stamp, 1945, Oct.: used locally printed separate stamps, returned to China as a province,1945, Nov.4: No. 1, 3 sen carmine, first stamps as Taiwan (Formosa), 1945: “For Use in Taiwan, Chinese Republic” in Chinese, overprint on stamps of China and Japan, first parcel post stamp, 1946, May: restored to China, overprints on stamps of China used, 1948, Feb. 10: first postage due stamp as Taiwan, 1949: Chiang Kai-Shek Nationalist Army took control of island, first air mail, parcel post stamps,1950, Jan.1: No.1, $1 green, first stamp as Republic of China, first registration, special delivery stamps, 1951, Mar. 20: Japan renounced all claims, became a self-government; China
Tajikistan: central Asia, bounded by China, Afghanistan, formerly Tadzhikistan; currency: 100 kopecks =1 ruble, 100 tanga = 1 ruble, 100 dinars = 1 somoni (2000) 1991, Dec. 26: joined with other former Soviet states to form the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1992, May 20: No.1, 50 kopecks multicolor, first stamp, 1994, June 9: joined the UPU; Note: many illegal stamps exist
Tajikistan: bogus Russian issues copied from original stamps
Taka: currency unit in Bangladesh
Takava’u: South Pacific fantasy
Takca: (Bul.) (Tax) inscription (Cyrillic) on stamps of Bulgaria postage due, 1884-89
Taker-offer: worker at Bureau of Engraving and Printing, in the 1930s, who took off a single sheet of dampened paper from the top of the inked press plate, stacked them up and put another sheet of tissue paper between them; putter-oner
Takkemåler: (Nor.) perforation gauge
Takking: (Nor.) perforation
Takning: (Dan.) perforation
Takning, Ark: (Dan.) harrow perforation, Perforering, Ark
Takning, Kam: (Dan.) comb perforation, Perforering, Kam
Takning, Linie: (Dan.) line perforation, Perforering Linie
Takning, Slange: (Dan.) serpentine perforation
Takning, Slangelinieret: (Dan.) serpentine roulette perforation
Taksë: (Alb.) (Tax) overprint/inscription on stamps of Albania postage due
Takse Pulu: inscription on postage due labels of Turkey
Tala: currency unit in Samoa (Western)
Taladrito: (Sp.) pin hole, perfin
Taladro: (Sp.) punch-hole, used for cancellation of telegraph stamps
Talavera de la Reina: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936
Talbana: (Ind.) in India, stamp affixed to a summons that required a witness to appear in a court of law
Talbotton, Ga. Paid 10: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Talca: Chile postal tax stamps, inscribed Bicentenario de Talca, for bicentennial, 1942
Talcher: supposed official surcharge on stamps of India, 1878
Taler: (Ger.) unit of currency
Ta-lien: China, formerly Dairen; China, Regional Issues
Talismanic inscription: term for a manuscript endorsement on early ship letters; implying a prayer by the sender for the protection of the ship and her master, usually abbreviated to Q. D. C. Quam or Quem Deus conservet (which or whom) God preserve; used about middle of 17th century, stopped being used about 1815
Talking books by mail: American Foundation for the Blind program to distribute books through the mail free of charge
Talking stamps: stamps in the form of a miniature record as issued by Bhutan, April 15, 1973
Talladega, Ala. paid 10: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Talla dulce: (Sp.) copper plate engraving
Tallcot, George: inscription on Medicine stamp; Private die proprietary stamps
Talon: (Sp.) small stamp attached to the bottom of revenue stamps of Mexico
Talloncino: (It.) tab (attached)
Talt: (Dan.) counted
Talyllyn Railway: British railway local post
Tamaño: (Sp.) format, size
Tambala: currency unit in Malawi since 1970
Tambof: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1870-76, Zemstvo
Tamburi: first posting boxes, Florence, Italy, 16th century
TAMcG: Thomas A. McGaffin, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher, Siderographer
Tammerfors: Finland local post, July 1866-81
Tampereen: (Fin.) local post for use on steamships carrying mail, Finland, 1890s
Tampico: overprint on stamps of Mexico for Tampico district, 1856-1883
Tampon: (Fr.) handstamped marking
Tampon a mano: (Sp.) handstamp
Tampon dateur: (Fr.) dating stamp
Tampon en caoutchouc: (Fr.) rubber stamp
Tamponné à la main: (Fr.) handstruck, rubber-stamped
Tananarive, Madagascar: formerly Antananrivo
Tandler forgeries: Tandler & Co., San Francisco; reported to made and used false markings after legitimate postal service, 1895
Tandjong Enim (Radja): local post, overprint for Palembang district, Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45
T & P.: Trésor et Postes (Fr.) Paymaster Postal Services
T & T: town and type, precancelcollecting
Tandning: (Swed.) perforation
Tändsticksetiketter: (Swed.) matchbox labels
Tanera More: Summer Islands, Scotland, 1970
Tanga: (Port.) currency unit in Portuguese India
Tanganyika: southeastern Africa on the Indian Ocean; Currency: 100 cents = 1 rupee, 100 cents = 1 shilling (1922), 20 shillings = 1 pound 1915-pre: was part of German East Africa, 1915: British mandate, first British issues were those of Mafia island, off coast of East Africa, 1916: stamps of Nyasaland overprinted “N.F.” (Nyasa-Rhodesian Force), used in area taken from the Germans, 1918: stamps of France overprinted “Tanger,” 1921: No.1, 12 cents gray, first stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika overprinted “G.E.A.” (German East Africa), 1927: stamps of Great Britain overprinted “Tangier,” 1933, July 1: used postage due stamps of Kenya and Uganda, 1935, May: used stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika under the East African Postal and Telecommunications Administration, 1935-59: TPO mail carried on main railways and on Lake Tanganyika, T.P.O., 1946: named a United Nations Trust Territory, 1959: stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika overprinted “Official” for use in Tanganyika, 1961, Dec. 9: No.1, 5 cents sepia and yellow green, became independent, own stamps, first official stamps, 1962, Dec.9: became a republic, 1964, Apr. 26: merged with Zanzibar, to form United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar 1965: Tanzania added making it Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zanzibar, 1968, Jan. 1: Zanzibar withdrew its stamps, leaving it as Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania in various arrangement in the order of the names, 1976: independent issues of each of the three republics no longer valid in the Tanganyika and Zanzibar
Tanganyika: giraffe head; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001
Tanganyika & Zanzibar: Tanzania, 1964
Tanger: (Fr., Ger., Sp.) overprint on stamps of France and French Morocco for Tangier, 1918-24
Tanger (Correo(s) Espanol): (Sp.) Spanish Morocco-Tangier post
Tanger Elksar: Morocco local post
Tanger-Fez: Sultanate of Morocco, Morocco local post, 1895
Tangier: city on the coast of Morocco; located on the north coast of Africa;19th century: Sultanate of Morocco divided between French and Spanish protectorates,1897, June: first French stamps issued, 1912: international zone governed by foreign representatives, Britain, France, Spain and Germany (until 1914) all operated post offices using same stamps as the nation’s post offices in Morocco, ended in Oct. 1956, 1914, Nov. 27-1921: used stamps of ex-Spanish post offices in Morocco, 1918: stamps of French Morocco overprinted “Tangier,” includes a postage due issue, 1923: Tangier international zone declared, 1926: stamps of Spanish Morocco overprinted “Tangier,” 1926: semipostal stamps of Spain overprinted “Correo Español Tanger”(Spanish Tangier Post) for use as a semipostal, 1927: No.1, ½ penny green; stamps of British Morocco overprinted “Tangier” and British stamps without overprints values of 2 ½ d and above, 1928: first French air mail stamp issued, 1929: Seville-Barcelona issue of Spain overprinted “Tanger,” 1936-40: rival post offices of Spanish Nationalists and Republicans operated, 1938: first Spanish air mail stamp, 1940, June 14-Oct. 11, 1945: used stamps of Spanish Morocco, 1942, March: French post office amalgamated with Spanish post office, 1948: Spanish used definitives for use in Tangier, 1945-56: international status, 1949: first air mail, special delivery stamps issued, 1956: French and Spanish offices closed, 1956: became part of the Kingdom of Morocco, 1957, April 30: British office closed; issued series of commemorative overprints, “1857-1957 Tangier.”
Tangier: 1: overprint on stamps of Morocco for international zone of Tangier. 2: overprint on stamps of France for Offices in Morocco, postage due. 3: overprint on stamps of Spain for Spanish Morocco for Tangier. 4: French Morocco. 5: overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Offices in Tangier, Morocco; 1927-57
Tangier/Arzila: local post, Morocco, 1895-98
Tangier/El-Ksar: local post, Morocco, 1898
Tangier/Fez: local post, Morocco, 1892-93. 1928: first airmail stamp issued
Tangier/Laraiche: local post, Morocco, 1897
Tangier-Morocco-Laraiche: Morocco local post
Tangier/Tetuan: local post, Morocco, 1897
Tanner’s Express: local parcel firm serviced Albany, N.Y., used a label
Tannhjulstempel: (Dan., Nor.) cogwheel-design cancellation
Tannu Tuva: northwest Outer Mongolia, on the border of Siberia, aka Tuva; currency: 100 mungos = 1 tugrik, 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 kopecks – 1 tugrik, 100 kopecks = 1 aksa 1911-14: nominally independent, 1914: made a protectorate of Russia, Russian post office at Belotsarsk, 1917: proclaimed independence using the name of Tanna Tuva, came under Chinese rule, 1921-24: independent, inscriptions Posta Touva and Tuba, 1926, Oct.: No.1, 1 kopeck red, first stamps depicted the Buddhist Wheel of Life, as independent Tuva under Soviet protection, stamps printed in Russia, 1932: surcharged for provisional issues, 1943: last stamps, 1944: incorporated into the Soviet Union, became part of Russia as the Tuva Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, 1994: Tuva produced its own stamps but they were never postally issued, uses stamps of the Russian Federation
Tanta: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1864-84, Interpostal Seals
Tanzania: southeastern Africa on the Indian Ocean, aka Tanganyika and Zanzibar; currency: 100 cents = 1 shilling 1891: Germany declared protectorate as German East Africa, 1893: first stamps were stamps of Germany surcharged for use in colony, 1900: stamps of Germany inscribed “Deutsch Ostafrika,” 1916: stamps of Nyasaland issued overprinted “N.F.,” (Nyasa-Rhodesia Force), 1917: stamps of Kenya overprinted “G.E.A.” (German East Africa), German East Africa stamps overprinted “”Mafia Island,” and Indian Expeditionary Force stamps overprinted “I.E.F.” Belgian Congo stamps overprinted for use in area of Belgian occupation, 1918: Treaty of Versailles gave Britain mandate over area except for Ruanda-Urundi, 1919, Sept.: Kionga area became a Portuguese mandate, administered by Mozambique, renamed Tanganyika Territory, 1922: stamps under the British mandate inscribed “Tanganyika,” 1927: British mandate stamps changed to “Mandated Territory of Tanganyika,” 1935: became part of a postal union, used stamps inscribed “Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika,” 1961, Dec.: became independent, stamps of Tanganyika, 1962, Dec. 9: became a republic within the British Commonwealth, 1963, March 29: Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda joined the UPU, 1964, April 26: merged with People’s Republic of Zanzibar to become United Republic of Tanzania and Zanzibar, used stamps of the East Africa Postal and Telecommunications Union until 1977, 1964, July 7: No.1, 20¢ blue and emerald, stamps inscribed Tanganyika & Zanzibar; not sold or valid in Zanzibar, 1965, Oct.: changed name to United Republic of Tanzania, 1965, Dec. 9: first official stamp, not valid in Zanzibar until 1968, 1966: one issue with the name of Tanzania was valid only in Zanzibar, 1967: stamps inscribed “Tanganyika and Zanzibar,” and “Tanzania,” first postage due stamp, 1968, July 1: Zanzibar joined the country, 1978, July 31: first postage due stamp, 1988, July 1: first semi-postal stamp
Tanzania Muungano: Zanzibar
TAP: Transportes Aeros Portugueses; common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1963
Tapa: (Sp.) binder
Tapanoeli: overprint for local post, Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45
Tape: meter stamp on an adhesive paper strip that is affixed to an oversized item that can not be run through a postage meter
Tapin: one of the Sicmon Islands in the South Pacific created by Nick Bantock for his book, Grifin & Sabine
TAPO: Temporary Army Post Office
Tarde: (Sp.) late fee
Target cancel: a cancel or postmark, usually in concentric circles shaped like a target; used in Austria, 1850, complicated four ring pattern to prevent washing of stamp for reuse
Target mail: 1: USPS term for mail that weighs over one pound; it must be brought to the post office for mailing, can not be dropped into a letter box. 2: mail that is found in a mailbox or is handed over a U.S. Post office counter by an unknown individual that weighs more than 16 ounces and has postage stamps affixed, regulation went into effect during Unibomber scare whose mailings fitted this description
Tarifas aereas: (Sp.) list of air mail rates
Tarifas de superficie: (Sp.) list of surface mail rates
Tarifs postaux: (Fr.) postage rates
Tarjeta de campaña: (Sp.) armed forces field postcard
Tarjetas de identidad: (Sp.) identity cards; Spanish Morocco revenue inscription
Tarjeta ilustrada: (Sp.) picture postcard
Tarjeta maximum: (Sp.) maximum card
Tarjeta postal: (Sp.) postcard
Tarnów: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20
Tarragona: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Tarrant & Company: inscription on Medicine stamp; Private die proprietary stamps
Tarrassa: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Tartari: bogus Russian local overprint
Tartu: formerly Dorpat, Estonia; Dorpat
Tasa: (Sp.) postage due, used on postage due labels of Uruguay
Tasa por Cobra: (Sp.) (Tax to Collect) inscription on stamps of Cuba for postage due
Tasar en destino: (Sp.) postage due at destination
Tasman, Albert: discoverer of Van Diemen’s Land, later part of Tasmania, then Australia
Tasmania: island off southeastern coast of Australia, British Crown Colony; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound 1803: taken by Great Britain, used as a penal colony, 1853, Nov.1: No.1, 1 pence blue, stamps issued with original name of Van Diemen’s Land; 1853-61: used bar oval as postmark, 1858, Jan.: No.1, 6 pence gray lilac, Tasmania name first used on stamps, 1863: first postal fiscal stamp, 1891: joined the UPU, 1901: one of the six British Colonies to form the Commonwealth of Australia, 1913: Tasmania replaced by stamps of Australia; Australia
Tasmanian Government Railways: Australian local post for Railway, 1901-50s
Tasmanien: (Swed..) Tasmania
Tassa: (It.) tax
Tassa di bollo: (It.) stamp duty
Tassa di Trasporto: (It.) Italian transport tax revenue
Tassels: flag type cancellations with seven wavy horizontal lines
Tassa Gazzette: (It.) 1859 inscription on stamps of Modena, Italian States, for newspaper tax
Tasso, Amadeo: started a guild of couriers in the 13th century, established a network of postal routes linking the main population centers of Italy; by the 16th century The Thurn and Taxis system covered all of Europe
Tatarstan: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage
Tati: district of East Bechuanaland Protectorate, South Africa, 1895: fiscal stamps issued, not valid for postage
Tati Concessions: South Africa local post, 1895
Tatsäche gelaufen: (Ger.) postally used
Tätt bottentryck: (Swed.) dense background
Tauchbrief: (Ger.) letter carried by U-boat during World War I
Tausch: (Ger.) exchange
Tautine Skautu Stovykla: (Lith.) 1938 overprint on semi-postal of Lithuania for National Scout Jamboree
Távirat: (Hung.) telegram
Tavola: (It.) plate
Távolsági levél: (Hun.) overprint on Hungarian inflation issues for inland letter, 1946
Ta-Wen-Chen: local post, southwest China, 1949
Tax: 1: a compulsory payment, such as a postage due tax 2: Gebühr (Ger.); Taxe (Fr.); Tassa, Imposta (It.); Impuesto (Sp.)
Taxa: (Sp.) Uruguay, postage due
Taxa da plata: (Rom.) inscription of postage due of Romania
Taxa de Factagiu: (Rom.) (tax for Porterage) Romania, parcel post
Taxa de Guerra: (Port.) war tax, 1919; 1: (values in Avos), overprint for Macao. 2: (values in $) Portuguese Africa. 3: (values in Reis) Portuguese Guinea. 4: (values in RP) Portuguese India
Taxa de Plata: (Rom.) inscription on stamps of Romania for a money fine
Taxa Devida: (Port.) postage due inscription on stamps of Brazil, 1889-1949
Taxa Postala: (Rom.) postage
Taxa Recebida: postage paid, airmail of Mozambique
Tax d’Engagement: (Fr.) enlistment duty; French colony revenue inscription
Taxe: 1: with post horn, overprint on stamps of Albania for postage due. 2: Taxe (timbres) (Fr.) stamps used when insufficient postage was applied. 3: overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo, Ruandi Urundi postage due. 4: (on 6 rappen stamp) Zurich, Switzerland
Taxe a Percevoir: inscription on stamps of France and colonies, etc. for postage due to be collected
Taxe a Percevoir T: overprint on stamps of Ethiopia for postage due to be collected
Taxe Auto: (Fr.) automobile license tax; French colony revenue inscription
Taxe d’Embarquement: (Fr.) loading/boarding tax; French colony revenue inscription
Taxed photographs: Civil War period with revenue stamps on back of photograph; used for two categories; artwork, engravings and all types of photographs; 1864-66
Taxe fixe: (Fr.) fixed tax; French colony revenue inscription
Taxe Paiments: (Fr.) sales tax; French colony revenue inscription
Taxe Paiments Luxe: (Fr.) luxury tax; French colony revenue inscription
Taxe perçue: (Fr.) postage prepaid. 1: UPU regulations state that this inscription must be placed on prepaid mail without stamps. 2: inscription on stamps of Mozambique for air mail
Taxe Piscicole: (Fr.) tax on fishing licences; French colony revenue inscription
Taxes, Acts & Conventions: various taxable documents; French colony revenue inscription
Taxes Communales: (Fr.) municipal taxes; French colony revenue inscription
Taxi Post: taxi drivers in Israel can carry mail, and have postage stamps to sell to charge for this service
Taxis: (It.) Italian, Tacius, who memory is commemorated in the Monte degli Tassi: Thurn, Thurn & Taxis
Tax label, compulsory: adhesives that must be applied to mail in addition to normal postage; used to raise money for specific purposes, most famous was the Notopfer label used to help pay the cost of mail-handling during the Berlin blockade in 1948; considered a cinderella
Tax paid (revenue) stamps: stamps indicating that a specific or general tax has been paid, denominated by product count, weight or other measure, and not dollars and cents
Tax pengo: (Hun.) currency unit(s) in Hungary, 1946 hyper inflation period
Taxpost: British post office label to expedite mail of Inland Revenue offices
Tax recebida: (Port.)tax received; inscription on air mail issue of Mozambique, 1946
Tax stamp: 1: stamp to indicate an extra charge on mail. 2: any type of fiscal stamp
Taylor, Samuel Allan: publisher of Stamp Collector’s Record, New England, Feb. 1864, made many phantom stamps for collectors
Taylor’s Emerg.L.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
TbBA: (Cyrillic) Tuva for Tannu Tuva
TBJ: Thomas B. Jones, Sr., BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher, Siderographer
T.B. Morton Co.: local post, Levant, 1869-71
TC: 1: trial color proof; Scott Catalogue suffix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: The Chronicle (Journal of the U.S. Philatelic Classics Society)
TC: India overprint on stamps of Cochin for Travancore Cochin
T.C.E.K.: Turkey Postal Tax stamps, 1946
Tchad: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Middle Congo for Chad; Chad
Tchecoslovaquie: (Fr.) Czechoslovakia
Tchèque: (Fr.) Czech
Tchongking (Chung-King): China, Indo-Chinese Post Offices, 1903-22: overprint on stamps of Indo-China for use at French post offices in China
T.C. ijhak tarihi 30-6-1939: overprint on stamps of Hatay; for date of annexation to Turkish Republic, June 30, 1939
T-Comb Perforator: perforates the stamps in the form of an upside down T with every move of the perforator
T C P: Trial Color Proof
T.C. Postalari: (Turk.) inscription on stamps of Turkey, 1931, for the Second Balkan Conference
Te: 1: Tennessee, pre-adhesive postmark. 2: Tenga, currency unit in Kazakhstan
Tear: fente (Fr.); strappe (It.); corte (Sp.)
Teba: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Te Betaal: (Afrikaans) inscription on postage due labels of South Africa and South West Africa
Te Betalen: (Dut.) inscription on stamps of Belgium, Curacao, Netherlands, Netherlands Indies for postage due
Te Betalen Port: (Dut.) inscription for postage due (when stamps are printed in green ink) Curacao; (blue ink) Netherlands; (lilac ink) Surinam; (red ink) Dutch East Indies; (lilac ink) Surinam
Technische Nothilfe (TN): (Ger.) Technical Emergency Corps; cancel, established in Sept. 1919, kept essential services operating during emergencies
T.E.C.R.: T.E.C. Remington, manuscript surcharge on British East Africa Protectorate issues, 1891-95
Teese & Co. Penny Post: U. S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa. 1852
Teeside Pony Express: United kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
Teeth: 1: projections that are left when a stamp is separated from other perforated stamps. 2: the projections between perforation holes
Tegelröd: (Swed.) brick-red (color); see Orangeaktig röd
Tegetthoff, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1860s, for Middle Danube lines
Téglavörös: (Hung.) brick-red (color)
Tegning: (Nor.) design
Tegucigalpa: city in Honduras; an 1877 stamp is called the Tegucigalpa issue
Teh-el-Baroud: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1865-84, Interpostal Seals
Teh-el-Kibir: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868-84, Interpostal Seals
Teheran, P.L.: local post overprint on stamps of Persia for city of Teheran, 1902
Teia: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Teilbare marke: (Ger.) stamp issued by post office which is perforated
Teinte: (Fr.) color, shade
Teinture: (Fr.) dye
Tela: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1874-80, Interpostal Seals
Telegrafmærke: (Dan.) telegraph stamp
Telegrafstempel: (Dan.) telegraph office cancellation
Telegrafos: (Sp.) telegraphs
Telegrafos del Estado: (Sp.) (State Telegraphs) Chile
Telegrafos Habititado: (Sp.) telegraph stamps valid for postage, Philippines
Telegrafos particulares: (Sp.) stamps issued by privately owned telegraph companies
Telegrammkartenbrief: (Ger.) telegram letter card
Telegrampostanvisningar: (Swed.) telegram postal money orders
Telegram s Poseckanym Vyúctováním: (Czech.) telegram(me) form credit accounting
Telegraph & Telephone stamps: 1: stamps used to indicate that a fee has been paid for transmission or transport of a telegram, or to prepay telephone service time, may be considered a cinderella. 2: 1851; earliest known telegraph stamps, a 1-shilling inscription on the message form, issued in Great Britain by the Electric Telegraph Co
Telegraph cancel: cancellation indicating that a postage stamp was used on a telegraph dispatch form
Telegraph Despatch Post: U. S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1848
Telegraph handstamp: with name of sending office, used on plain covers
Telegraph stamp: 1: stamp either adhesive or impressed upon forms or cards; used solely for telegraph purposes. 2: Switzerland, 1868-69: Cross of Confederation with inscription “Telegraphie” and value
Telegraph stationery: used when printed envelopes were in short supply, Civil War period
Telephone stamp: prior to the installation of telephone boxes, special stamps were used on the forms to account for calls by the casual customer who was not a regular subscriber; used in Great Britain and other countries between Dec. 1884 and 1891
Tellico Plains, Tenn Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Telstar: common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1962-63
T.E. Ltd. Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
Tema: 1: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1884, Interpostal Seals. 2: (It.) theme (topic)
Temascaltepec: overprint on stamps of Mexico for Temascaltepec district, 1856-1883
Tematica: (Rom.) thematic, topical
Tematico: (It., Sp.) topical, thematic
Temesvar: 1. overprint on stamps of Hungary by Serbians and Romanians, 1919. 2. (now Timisoara) city (and cap.) in Timis county, Romania; returned by Austria after the 1920 signing of the Treaty of Trianon. Issued postage stamps in 1919 under the Romanian occupation authorities by overprinting Hungarian stamps with various numerals indicating the new values
Temphat: (Viet.) Vietnam postage due stamps
Tempo: unit of currency in Korea
Tenebrescent: chemical agent when added to printers ink causes them to appear darker when seen under UV light, used on the 34¢ Flag over Farm issue
Tenedos: Aegean Islands, Interpostal Seals for overseas offices used 1868, Interpostal Seals
Tenge: currency unit in Kazakhstan
Tengerkék: (Hung.) sea-blue (color)
Tengerzöld: (Hung.) sea-green (color)
Tenn.: abbreviation for Tennessee prior to Zip Code usage
Tennessee: 1: became a U.S. state June 1, 1796, formerly Southwest Territory. 2: first federal issue revenue of US, July 1, 1798 – Feb. 28, 1801
Tenth anniversary-cessation of nuclear testing treaty: 1973 Cook Island overprint for Aitutaki as a protest against French nuclear testing
Ten voordeele van het Roode Kruis: (Dut.) Belgian Congo (Sc.193, 198, 216, 220) and Belgian East Africa (Sc. 74, 78, 79, 82) surcharge on Ruanda Urundi for the Red Cross
Ten year rule: Citizen’s Stamp Advisory Committee guideline states that no person shall be honored on a stamp unless they have been deceased for at least ten years; an exception is made for presidents, who may be honored on the first birthday after death
T.E.O.: (Fr.) Territories Ennemis Occupés (Occupied Enemy Territories) 1: overprint on stamps of France for Syria, 1919. 2: overprint on stamps of France for Offices in Turkey, Cilicia, 1919. 3: overprint on stamps of French Offices in Turkey, Cilicia, Syria, 1919
T.E.O. Cilicie: (Syr.) Territories Ennemis Occupés overprint on stamps of Turkey for Cicilia, 1919
T.E.O. Milliemes: (Fr.) Syria overprint on stamps of France
Tepic: overprint on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883
Tercio: (Sp.) military regiment of the Spanish Foreign Legion
Teresa: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Terezín: Celistvosti – Koncentracní Tabory v Terezín
Teresîn: Celistvosti – Koncentracní Tabory v Terezín
Tercentennary: 300th anniversary
Tereul: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1936
Teria: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-84, Interpostal Seals
Terminal dues: based on Article 49 of the UPU Convention, charge levied by the destination country to cover the costs incurred for delivering international mail received
Termine inteiro: (Port.) complete set
Ter. Mo.: Missouri Territory
Terms of Sale: Conditions of Sale
Terra Candella: cinderella, product of Artistamps
Terranova: (Sp.) Newfoundland
Terre Adelie-Dumont Durville 1840: overprint on stamps of Madagascar, Oct. 26, 1948, for Adelie Land; French possession in Antarctica, Dumont Durville discovered territory in1840
Terre-Neuve: (Fr.) Newfoundland
Terres Australes et Antartiques Français: (Fr.) French Southern and Antarctic Territories
Territoire de L’Inini: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of French Guiana for Inini, 1932-41
Territoire du Fezzan: (Fr.) inscription on stamps of France for, Fezzan, French occupation of Southern Libya
Territoire du Niger: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger, Niger 1921-26
Territoire Francaise des Afars et des Issas: (Fr.) Afars and Issas
Territoire Militaire du Niger: (Fr.) postmark on stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger for Niger, 1906-14
Territoire Militaire Fezzan: (Fr.) French Occupation of Libya
Territorial cover, mail or postmark: territories in the U.S. that have not been as yet, admitted to the union as states, more desirable when “Ter.” Or “T” appears in the postmark
Territori Britannici dell Oceano Indiano: (It.) British Indian Ocean Territory
Territorie Libre du Mali Faud: (Fr.) personal labels of Mssr. Mali Faud
Territories: overprint on stamps of Madagascar
Territoires Britanniques de l’Ocean Indien: (Fr.) British Indian Ocean Territory (B.I.O.T.)
Territoires du Nord-Ouest (Canada): (Fr.) North West Territories (N.W.T.)
Territorio de Ifni: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Spain for Ifni, 1941-50
Territorios del Africa Occidental Española: (Sp.) Spanish West Africa
Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea: (Sp.) inscription on stamps of Spanish Guinea, 1909-49
Territory of East Florida: a group of “patriots” attempted to overthrow the Spanish administration, elected a Director of the Territory, adventure collapsed in 1813, when U.S. Senate refused aid
Territory of New Guinea: formerly German New Guinea; 1885: used German issues, 1925: first stamps issued, League of Nations mandated territory administered by Australia, 1942, Jan.: invaded by Japan, 1945, Oct. 30: civil administration by the Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit (ANGAU), used stamps of Australia 1945-1952, thereafter only defintive issues used, 1972: name changed to Papua New Guinea, 1973, Dec. 5: became self-governing, 1975, Sept. 10: became independent
Territory of Papua: formerly British New Guinea; Queensland and overprint on British New Guinea stamps used, 1906, Nov. 8: British New Guinea stamps overprinted, 1928: flights from Port Moresby initiated, 1942, Jan.1: Japanese invasion, 1945, Oct. territory administered as Papua New Guinea
Terrs. Españoles del Golfo de Guinea: (Sp.) Spanish Guinea
Teruel Province: provisional government in Spanish province, handstamped “HPN,” 1868-70
Területei: (Hung.) territories
Területek: (Hung.) territory
Tervezo: (Hung.) designer
T.E.S. Ltd. Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
Tesserakonta lepta: (Greek) correspondence label used in Greece, 1831
Test coil: test label
Test cover: cover mailed to evaluate efficiency of airmail delivery system
Test label: test labels used by government agencies and vending machine manufacturers. 1: dummy stamps in coil format to test vending machine operation. 2: used by the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing, in 1909 to check internal printing and equipment. 3: exists from private printers. 4: sometimes called testing stamps
Tete: southeastern Africa between Nyasaland and Southern Rhodesia; currency: 100 centavos = 1 escudo 1894: used stamps of Mozambique; Portuguese Colonies stamps issued as Zambezia, 1898: King Carlos key type stamps issued, 1902: overprint “Provisoria,” Provisional, 1913: No.1, 1/4 centavo on ½ avo blue-green, “Republica Tete” overprint on stamps of Portuguese Africa, Macao and Timor, 1914: Tete inscription on Portuguese Ceres key type, 1920: stamps of Mozambique; now part of the People’s Republic of Mozambique; Mozambique, Quelimane
Tête-Bêche: (Fr., It., Sp.) a pair of stamps connected together with one stamp right side up, the other upside down
Tête de série: (Fr.) incomplete set with high values missing
Tetloe’s Perfumery: inscription on Perfumery stamp; Private die proprietary stamps
Tetouan Maroc Chechouan: local post, Morocco
Tetuan: capital of Spanish Morocco, on African peninsula that juts up towards Spain at Strait of Gibraltar; 1890: British postal agency opened, closed Dec. 31, 1956. 1896, Nov.: local post between Tutuan and Sheshuan (Chechouan), Morocco, 1908: “Tetuan” overprint on stamps of Spain for Spanish Offices in Morocco, 1956, Dec. 31: British postal agency closed; Morocco, Spanish Offices in
Tetuan El-Ksar: local post, Morocco, 1897-98
Tetuan-Sheshuan: local post, Morocco
Tetyushy: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1911, Zemstvo
Teuer: (Ger.) very expensive
Teulada: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Texas: became a U.S. state Dec. 29, 1845, but independent republic since 1835
TF: 1. (Afrikaans) Telegraaf; overprint on stamps of Orange Free State for Telegraph Office revenue stamps. 2. Transit Français (Fr.), French transit. 3. Tassa Franca (It.), post paid
Tg: Tugrik, currency unit in Mongolia
TGP Post: name change from PTT, May 2002, Netherlands postal service
TGS: Tropical Gum Stain(s)
T.H.: 1: Territory of Hawaii, when used in a postmark. 2: perforated on stamps of Hawaii for official use
Th.: auction abbreviation for thin
Thai: Thailand
Thaiföld: (Hung.) Thailand
Thailand: western portion of the Malay peninsula in southeastern Asia, aka Siam; official name of postal administration: The Communications Authority of Thailand currency: 32 solot = 16 atts = 8 sio = 4 sik = 2 fuang = 1 salung, 4 salungs = 1 tical, 100 satangs = 1 tical (1909) = 1 baht (1912) 1882-85: stamps of Straits Settlements overprinted “B” used in British post office in Bangkok, 1883, Aug. 4: No.1, 1 solot blue, first stamp, 1885, July 1: Siam joined the UPU, 1909: unfederated Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, and Trengganu ceded to Britain, 1918, Jan.11: first semipostal stamp, 1925: first air mail stamp, 1939: name officially changed to Thailand, 1940-pre: English inscriptions used “Siam,” 1943: Malayan states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, and Trengganu ceded to Thailand by Japan; occupation stamps issued, 1945, Sept.: four Malayan states reverted to British rule, name reverted to Siam 1963, Oct. 1: first official stamp
Thailand: (denominated in cents) Malaya, Siamese Occupation, 1943-45
Thajsko: (Czech.) Thailand
Thajsky: (Czech.) Thai
Thaler: currency unit in Brunswick, Hanover, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, North German Federation, Oldenberg, Saxony, Thurn and Taxis
Thames Postal Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
Thames Weald Tunnel: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
Thanet, Isle of: bogus local post
Thatcher Ferry Bridge error: Canal Zone issue of Oct. 12, 1962, famous because of missing silver impression of the bridge
Thebe: currency unit in Botswana
The Bluff Charta: forgery printed by Germany on British stamp, WW II
The District Mail Outwith: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
The Gambia: Gambia
The Gilbert Islands: Gilbert islands 1979 overprint for independence on stamps of Gilbert & Ellice Islands
Thematic: collecting of stamps telling a story relating to a certain theme or topic
Thematic collection: a collection of stamps, covers, cancellations and other items related to one specific topic that relates a story as pictured in the designs of these stamps
Thematic Division: APS term for exhibition classification to include thematic or topical exhibits
Thématique: (Fr.) thematic
Thematisch: (Ger.) topical or thematic
Thene Budcentralens Expresspost: Hälsingborg – A. Thene Budcentralens Expresspost
Theresienstadt: Concentration Camp Post, July 10, 1943, aka Terezin, Czechoslovakia. Celistvosti – Koncentracní Tabory v Terezín
Therison revolution: Crete, never issued, 1905 Therison
Thermograph cachet: cover design made by applying a rubber stamp impression, then powdered and heated; gives a raised and glossyimpression
Thermographic paper: a paper type where the image is produced by heat, laser beam, or pressure
Thermography: printing process in which a powder of ink and resins is deposited on paper and then fused with heat into a raised, usually glossy, enamel-like design, can change color when heat applies, used on stamps of Great Britain
Thessaloniki: formerly Salonica, Greece
Thessaly: district in northern Greece; 1898, April 21: eight-sided stamps of Turkey, for use in Turkish occupation in Thessaly during the Greco-Turkish War
Thibet: (Fr.) Tibet
Thildonck: Belgian church fair label
Thimble cancelers: Norwegian term for small postal cancellers, with a diameter of 14-19 mm, used mostly in the period of 1914-1950’s
Thin: removal of paper fibers from the back of a stamp, usually done by careless removal of a stamp from a cover or a hinge from a stamp
Thin bar grid cancel: thin bars arranged in a circular or ovate (horizontal bars tapered at each end) pattern
Thinned: loss of original paper thickness due to careless removal from envelope, or stamp mount
Third Avenue Post Office: U. S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1855
Third Class Mail: former USPS term, includes circulars and printed matter, booklets, catalogs with each piece weighing less than 16 ounces. Now broken into many rate structures
Third federal issue: revenue stamp with no state name, Jan. 1, 1814-Dec. 31, 1817
Third International Philatelic Exhibition: held in New York City, 1936
Third Reich Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society focuses on postal history from 1933-1945
Thirty Two Cents: with picture of ship, Liberia
This article originally mailed in country indicated by postage: handstamp applied to mail that was sent from a foreign country to the U.S. via diplomatic pouch, outside the normal mailstream, to indicate origin of mail
This is a Jewsh War: inscription, forgery by Germany, with picture of Stalin replacing King George on British stamp, on 1/2d British stamp
Thomasville, Ga. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Thomes & Skaden’s Express: local mail delivery firm operated between Susanville, Calif. and Reno, Nevada, used a label, 1870-73
Thomond, Principality of: Ireland phantom country, part of Shannon Airport, c1961
Thompson & Co.s American Express: local mail and parcel delivery firm operated between Albany, N.Y. and Boston, Mass., used labels, corner cards
Thompson, John L.: inscription on Medicine stamp; Private die proprietary stamps
Thom, Reuben T.: postmaster, Fredericksburg, Va., issued Confederate Postmaster’s Provisionals
Thonons-les-Bains: city in France, local provisional,1944
Thorens: city in France, local provisional,1944
Thor S.S.: (Fin.) steamship, carrying mail, serving Finland cities, local, 1870-80s
Thousand Islands: islands in Canada, local post, 1981-88
Thrace: southeastern Europe between Black and Aegean Seas; currency: 100 lepta = 1 drachma, 40 paras = 1 piaster, 100 stotinki = 1 leva (1919) 1913, July: autonomous government of Western Thrace, stamps of Turkey overprinted in Greek for use in Giumulzina district, withdrawn Sept. 1913, 1913, Oct.: No.1, 10 lepta on 20 paras rose, surcharge on stamps of Turkey, Muslims formed an autonomous republic, issued own stamps, but area was awarded to Bulgaria; Bulgarian and French stamps used until 1918, 1915-18: military posts of France and Britain operated in Salonica, 1919-20: “Thrace Interalliee” overprint on stamps of Bulgaria for Thrace, Allied and Greek Occupation, stamps of Greece overprinted in Greek “Administration Western Thrace,” Turkish stamps overprinted “High Commission of Thrace,” 1919: postage due stamps, 1920, July: Eastern Thrace occupied by Greece, “Thrace Occidentale” overprint on stamps of Bulgaria, then stamps of Greece overprinted in Greek “Administration of Western Thrace,” Turkish stamps overprinted “High Commission of Thrace,” 1940, Dec. 10: Greece invaded southern Albania and issued stamps, 1941, Feb.- May 1941: British troops arrived with field post offices, 1944, Oct.: territory regained by Greece, stamps of Greece used
Thrace Interalliee: overprint on stamps of Bulgaria, during Allied occupation; 1915-19
Thrace Occidentale: overprint on stamps of Bulgaria, during Allied occupation; 1920
Thrakien: (Ger.) Thrace
Three-Dimensional stamp (3D): a ridged plastic used to reproduce images that made them appear three dimensional
Three Skilling Banco: Sweden’s 1855 stamp; one example known of the yellow error of color
Thulamela: labels by Sue Dickinson for name of reconstructed city in South Africa
Thule: Greenland local post, 1935
Thunderbolts and Mercury: indicating special handling on stamps of Austria
Thuringen: city in Germany;1945-46
Thuringia: issued stamps under Russian occupation, 1945-46
Thurn: Italian count who won the surname of della Torre (of the tower) for defense of a tower during siege of Milan in 4th century, French: de la Tour, German von Thurn, <
Thurn and Taxis: private postal monopoly for 420 years; currency: Northern District: 30 silbergroschen = 1 thaler Southern District: 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden 1450: knighted for link of postal relays in northern Italy, 1501: appointed by Austria as “Captain and Master of our Posts,” 1505: postal treaty signed establishing a courier service between Italy, Spain, France and Germany, 1506: Link between Belgium and Austria established, 1574: service could be used by the public, operated from Poland to Straits of Gibraltar with 20,000 employees, 1846: postal stationery issued, 1850: operation reduced to various German principalities, postal union of Prussia and Austria formed, 1851, Jan. 29: issued stamps in two currencies for use throughout its postal system, 1852: No.1, 1 kreuzer black, light green, used in Southern District of Germany, 1852-67: used four circles as postmark, 1852: No.1, ½ silbergroschen black, green, used in Northern District of Germany, 1867, Jan. 28: forced to sell postal monopoly to Prussia, used stamps of Prussia, the Counts kept a franking privilege until 1918 with a special handstamp “Franco Taxis,” 1867, July 1: stamps of Northern and Southern District superceded by stamps of Prussia, 1868, Jan.1: stamps of Prussia superceded by stamps of the North German Postal District, 1872, Jan. 1: stamps of the German Empire used
Thurn and Taxis Northern District: 1852-67; consisted of Bremen, Camburg, Gotha, Hamburg, Hesse-Kassel, Lippe-Detmond, Lippe-Schaumburg, Lübeck, Reuss-Gera, Reuss-Greiz, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. currency: 30 silbergroschen = 1 thaler 1852: No. 1 silvergroschen black, red; stamps of Northern District, 1867, July 1: stamps of Prussia
Thurn and Taxis Southern District: 1852-67; consisted of Coburg, Frankfurt-am-Main, Hesse-Darmstadt, Hesse-Homburg, Hohenzollern-Heckingen, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Liechtenstein, Nassau, Saxe-Meiningen and Schwarz-Rudolstadt, currency: 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden 1852: No. 1 1 kreuzer black on light green
Thusis: Switzerland hotel post, 1897-99, Hotel Rhätia
Thyra S.S. Co.: (Fin.) Finnish steamship cancel, local, 1870-80s.
Ti: 1: tab inscription, 2: (Dan., Nor.) ten (number)
Tiacotalpan: village in Vera Cruz, Mexico, issued one stamp in Oct. 1856
Tibet: central Asian state between India and China; currency: 6 2/3 tranga = 1 sang Note: stamps of Tibet valid only within its borders, 1903: an unofficial overprint applied to stamps of British India by Indian postal officials at temporary post offices, 1911, March: No.1, 3 pies on 1 cent ocher, overprinted stamps of China used in towns of Gyangtse, Lhasa, Phari-Jong, Shigatse and Yatung, 1911: stamps of China surcharged for Offices in Tibet, 1912, Dec.: No.1, 1/6 trangka green, local stamps of Tibet, mail outside country used stamps of India, spelling error exists, “Potsage,” 1945: official stamp, 1949, Dec.: Southwest China Liberation Area included Tibet, stamps issued without gum, 1951: used stamps of China, 1954, June 23: China took over the country, 1965: China created the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China
Tibet Chinese Offices: surcharge on stamps of China, 1911
Tibet, Chinese Province: part of Southwest China Liberation Area, Dec. 1949
Tibet, Free: label for the Tibetian freedom movement in the 1950s
Tibet Government in Exile: label for the Tibetian freedom movement, 1950s
Tical: unit of currency used in Siam (Thailand)
Tidig: (Swed.) early
Tidlig: (Dan.) early
Tidnigns stamplarna: (Swed.) stamped stationery, as newspaper wrappers, a tax on newspapers themselves, not for postal payment, 1824
Tidningsmärken: (Swed.) newspaper stamps
Tidningsöverflyttningar: (Swed.) address changes for newspapers
Tie bid: one or more identical high bids received for the same lot at auction
Tied: a stamp is considered “tied” when the cancellation proves the stamp originated on that cover
Tiefdruck: (Ger.) intaglio printing, engraving
Tientsin: Treaty Port city in China; 1800s: Chinese local post, 1900s: “China” overprint on stamps of Germany, 1917-21: “Tientsin” overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices in China, China, Italian Offices. 1918: French post office
Tientsin: bogus set of stamps for treaty port local post
Tientsin Treaty: origin of postal service agreed to be Great Britain and China, 1858, became effective March 20, 1896
Tierra del Fuego: (Sp.) Land of Fire; island off the tip of South America; 1891, Jan.: stamp issued by a mine owner to establish his authority over the inhabitants
Tiffany die: rejected and unissued 1 cent die of the 1887 envelope issue
Tiflis: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1857, formerly Tbilisi; Zemstvo
Tiger Head: 1: Afghanistan stamp design symbolizing the Amir Sher (Tiger) ali; 1871-73. 2: with Siamese inscription, overprint on stamps of Siam for semi-postal
Tijola: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Tiket Waraq Dak: (Afghan.) Afghanistan inscription for postal card stamps
Tikhvin: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1871-1903, Zemstvo
Tilintetgjort: (Nor.) destroyed
Tilleggsverdi: (Nor.) surtax
Tillfälligt inlandspostmärke: (Swed.) temporary inland postagr stamp
Tillory, State of: cinderella
Timaru Bicycle Post: local post, New Zealand town, Dec. 1968- April 12, 1969, run by Moulins Services
Timbrato: (It.) postmarked
Timbre: (Fr., Sp.) postage stamp
Timbre a vignette: (Fr.) stamp with label attached
Timbre Colis Postaux: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Indo-China for parcel post usage
Timbre commémoratif: (Fr.) commemorative stamp
Timbre complementario: (Sp.) complementary stamp; on postage due labels of Mexico
Timbre coupe: (Fr.) bisect, stamp cut in half which has been used to pay the postage at half the face value of the original stamp; the bisect is collected on the original cover with the postmark or cancellation covering the cut
Timbre d’accuser d’ reception: (Fr.) stamp issued as a prepayment fee as an acknowledgment of receipt of a registered package
Timbre de Autorise Deliverance pour Colis Posteaux: (Fr.) authorized delivery stamp, parcel post
Timbre de Autorise Deliverance pour Lettre: (Fr.) authorized delivery stamp, correspondence
Timbre de bienfaisance: (Fr.) charity or semipostal stamp
Timbre d’Carlistes: (Fr.) Carlist stamps of Spain
Timbre de chemin de fer: (Fr.) railway letter fee stamp
Timbre de l’poste aérienne: (Fr.) air mail stamp
Timbre d’Entrée: (Fr.) admission stamp
Timbre de franchaise: (Fr.) frank stamp
Timbre de franchaise militaire: (Fr.) military stamp
Timbre de guerre: (Fr.) war stamp, stamp issued during war conditions
Timbre de poste locale: (Fr.) city post stamp
Timbre de reconstruccion: (Fr.) (Reconstruction stamps) postal tax stamp of Guatemala
Timbre de service: (Fr.) official stamp
(Timbre d’usage) courant: (Fr.) definitive
Timbre du Souvenir: (Fr.) semipostal of Luxembourg
Timbre embouté: (Fr.) tagged stamp
Timbre Fictifs: (Fr.) dummy training stamps; French colony revenue inscription
Timbre Fiscal: (Fr.) revenue stamp
Timbre Fiscal Republique Syrienne: (Fr.) overprint for postal tax, Syria
Timbre Imperial Journaux: (Fr.) 1868 France newspaper semipostal stamp
Timbre Mobile: (Fr.) adhesive training stamp; French colony revenue inscription
Timbre Movil: (Sp.) (Movable stamp) revenue stamp authorized for postal use, Spain
Timbre Muti: (It.) mute handstamp
Timbre Olympique: (Fr.) Olympic games
Timbre par le gouvernment en exil: (Fr.) stamp for the government in exile
Timbre Patriotico: (Sp.) national defense overprint on stamps of Ecuador for postal tax
Timbre Personnalisé: (Fr.) personalized stamp
Timbre post: (Fr.) postage stamp
Timbre Poste: (Fr.) 1: postage stamp. 2: overprint on stamps of France, postage due stamps, Offices in Morocco, 1893
Timbre Poste Colis Postaux: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Martinique for postage due
Timbre poste enchassé: (Fr.) encased postage stamp
Timbre pour avion: (Fr.) airmail stamp
Timbre pour colis: (Fr.) parcel stamp
Timbre pour colis postal: (Fr.) parcel post stamp
Timbre pour exprés: (Fr.) special delivery stamp
Timbre pour journaux: (Fr.) newspaper stamp
Timbre pour la Poste Aerienne: (Fr.) stamp issued primarily for airmail use
Timbre pour l’étranger: (Fr.) foreign mail stamp
Timbre pour lettres en retard: (Fr.) too late stamp
Timbre pour l’intérieur: (Fr.) inland mail stamp
Timbre Proporcional: (Sp.) (proportion stamp) Costa Rica, revenue stamps valid for regular postage
Timbre proportional: (Fr.) tax based on the amount of the transaction; French colony revenue inscription
Timbres de Mandat: (Fr.) money order stamps, the Netherlands
Timbre souvenir: (Fr.) commemorative stamp
Timbre sur timbre: (Fr.) stamps on stamps (thematic)
Timbre Taxe: (Fr.) (With numeral and no country name) inscription on stamps of French Colonies for postage due, 1945
Timbre Unique: (Fr.) general revenue tax; French colony revenue inscription
Timbro di gomma: (It.) rubber hand stamp
Timbro: (It.) postmark
Timbro a mano: (It.) handstamp
Timbro di legno: (It.) wooden hand stamp
Timbrologia: (Sp.) stamp collecting
Timbrologie: (Fr., Ger.) stamp collecting
Timbromania: description of stamp collecting in France and Belgium, 1863
Timbru: (Rom.) inscription/overprint on postal tax stamps of Romania
Timbru de Ajutor: (Rom.) (Eng: “Assistance Stamp”) overprint on the 1915 regular issues of Romania, creating a stamp representing a tax on mailed materials, the funds being used for the assistance on soldier’s families. Through 1923, the 5 and 10 Bani values were for postal purposes, the 25 Bani being added in 1923 to conform to the increased rates; higher value stamps were used to pay the tax on railroad and theater tickets, and various other revenue taxations
Timbru de Binefacere: (Rom.) Stamp of Benefaction, postal tax stamp of Romania, 1906
Timbrul Aviatiei: (Rom.) inscription on semipostals of Romania, 1936
Timbru Official: (Rom.) officials of Romania
Timbuctoo (Timbuctoola): Stamps Magazine fantasy
Timisoara: Temesvár
Timor: Portuguese colony on eastern half of Timor island in Malay archipelago; currency: 1,000 reis = 1 milreis, 78 avos = 1 rupee (1895), 100 avos = 1 pataca, 100 centavos = 1 escudo (1960), 100 cents = 1 US dollar 1885: No.1, 5 reis black, stamps of Macau overprinted “Timor,” 1887: keytype stamps of Portugal, 1892: first newspaper stamp surcharged “Jornaes Timor,” Timor Journals, 1904: first postage due stamp, 1919: first war tax stamp overprinted “Taxa de Guerra,” 1925: first postal tax stamp, stamps of Portuguese India overprinted “Instruçao,” 1938: first air mail stamp, 1976, May 3: Indonesia annexed Timor, 2000: Timor became independent
Timor: overprint on stamps of Mozambique for Timor, 1946
Timor Lorosae: East Timor
Timor Portugues: Timor
Timpuriu: (Rom.) early
Tin Can island: Niuafou island-Tonga
Tin can mail: mail from Niuafo’ou, Tonga would be sealed in an oil drum and “pushed” out to a passing ship of the New Zealand Steamship Co., by native swimmers, 1921-32, after a swimmer was killed by a shark, mail was brought to ships by canoe in a 50-pound biscuit tin the ship would then pull the drum on board and take the letters inside to the next port for delivery, stopped in1946
Tin foil revenues: tax-paid revenue stamps printed on tobacco foil
Tin hat: nickname for King Albert portrait on stamps of Belgium issued in 1919
Tint: used in stamp collecting to denote a lighter shade than normal
Tinted paper: paper that has received a background tint on one side beforethe stamp is printed to help printer avoid printing the stamps on the gummed side
Tintenentwertung: (Ger.) pen cancellation
TION (ST.): Tidnings Stämplar (Swed.) newspaper stamp
TIPEX: Third International Philatelic Exhibition, held in New York City in 1936
Tipo: (It., Sp.) type
Tipo de cambio: (Sp.) exchange rate
Tipografi: (Rom.) typography
Tipografia: (It., Sp.) typography, letterpress
Tira: (Sp.) strip of (stamps)
Tirada: (Sp.) printing
Tirage: (Fr.) quantity printed
Tiraj: (Rom.) number (of stamps) issued
Tirane/Kallnuer/1924: (Alb.) Tirana, overprint on stamps of Albania for the opening of the National Assembly
Tiraspol: 1: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1873-79, Zemstvo. 2: unofficial, Prednestrova, issued when seceding from Moldava, 1992
Tiras protectoras: (Sp.) mounting strips
Tiratura: (It.) quantity printed
Tire track cancel: term applied to roller cancellations that resemble the tread of a tire
Tirol: (Ger.) Tyrol
Tirol den Tirolern: (Ger.) label for Tyrol for Tyrolese
Tirsdag: (Dan., Nor.) Tuesday.Tisdag: (Swed.) Tuesday
Tisk: (Czech.) printing
Tisková Deska: (Czech.) printing plate
Tisková Forma: (Czech.) printing form
Tisková Technika: (Czech.) printing technique, printing method, printing type
Tisková Vada: (Czech.) misprint, error
Tiskovy List: (Czech.) sheet of stamps
TiTa, C: Turkish Aviation Society, inscription on postal tax air mail stamps of Turkey, 1931
Titisee: local post, Germany, 1945-47
Title Page: exhibit page that serves as an introduction of the exhibit to the viewer
Titres de Properties: (Fr.) transfer of real estate; French colony revenue inscription
Titres, Objets, Values: (Fr.) share certificates; French colony revenue inscription
Titulaire du prix Nobel: (Fr.) Nobel prize (thematic)
Titulos: (Sp.) used on fiscal stamps in connection with university degrees
Tl Távolsági lev-lap, Tl: (Hun.) domestic postage overprint on hyper inflated issues of Hungary in 1946 for use of postage prepayment
Tiverton Hospital: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
Tivissa: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Tixtla Guerro: overprint on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883
Tíz: (Hung.) ten (number)
Tizenegy: (Hung.) eleven (number)
Tizenketto: (Hung.) twelve (number)
Tizian-vörös: (Hung.) Titian red (color)
Tjänste: (Swed.) official
Tjänsteförsändelser: (Swed.) official mail
Tjanste-Frimaerke: (Nor.) (Service Stamp) Norway official use stamps, 1881-1919
Tjänstefrimärken: (Swed.) official stamps
Tjeckoslovakien: (Swed.) Czechoslovakia
Tjekkoslovakiet: (Dan.) Czechoslovakia
Tjeneste: (Dan.) official
Tjenestefrimaerke: (Nor.) (Service Stamp) inscription on stamps of Norway for official use, 1926-32
Tjeneste Frimaerke: (Dan.) (Service Stamp) inscription on stamps of Denmark for official use, 1871-1924
Tjenste-Frimarke: (Swed.) (Service Stamp) Swedish official use stamps, 1874-80
Tjenestekort: (Dan.) official postal card
Tjenestemærke: (Dan.) official stamp
Tjenestemerke(r): (Nor.) official stamp(s)
Tjenestepakkemærke: (Dan.) official parcel post stamp
Tjenestepakkemerke(s): (Nor.) official parcel post stamp(s)
Tjenestepost: (Dan., Nor.) official mail
Tjue: (Nor.) twenty (number), introduced in the spelling reform of 1938, Tjve
TL: overprint on stamps of Tonga for royal wedding of King George Taufa’ ahau II to Lavinia, 1899
Tl: (Magyar) Távolsági levél (inland letter) overprint on inflation stamps of Hungary for franking
Tlacotalpan: 1. one-stamp provisional issue, Mexico,1856. 2. port in Mexico; local ‘Postmasters’ stamp, 1856
Tmave: (Czech.) dark (color)
Tmave Fialová: (Czech.) dark violet, dark purple
TN: 1. USPS abbreviation for Tennessee. 2. international postal code for Tunisia
TNT: Thomas Nationwide Transport, owned by some European postal administrations; collects mail at customer’s location with no stamps or franking. The mail is then prepared for delivery in one of their 80 international mailing centers for final delivery. The postage label usually carries the TNT logo and name of country where the TNT mailing center is located
To: 1: Tolar, currency unit it Slovenia. 2: Scott Catalog number prefix for Official Telegraph. 3. (Dan., Nor.) two (number)
T/O & E: Table of Organization and Equipment, military post office term
Tobacco tax stamps: 1917 documentary revenue stamps overprinted with “Tobacco / Sales Tax” for tobacco produced in excess of stated allotments; 1934-35
Tobago: West Indies island off coast of Venezuela; currency:12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound 1879: No.1, 1 penny rose, first stamp, 1889: united with Trinidad as Colony of Trinidad and Tobago, 1899, Jan. 1: became ward of that colony, stamps of Trinidad and Tobago used; Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago
Tobarilla: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Tobarra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Tobruch: unofficial overprints on Italian East Africa issues, 1942
Tocado: (Sp.) touched, adjoined, border on
Toccato: (Fr.) touched, adjoined, border on
Toddy, Isle of: bogus Scotland island stamp
Toe: unit of currency in Papua New Guinea
Toeslag: (Dut.) surcharge
Tog: (Dan., Nor.) (railroad) train, (railway train); Bane, Jernbane; Jernbanelinie
Toga: Tonga; 1: inscription on early stamps of Tonga, late 1800s to 1950. 2: bogus issue
Togfærge: (Dan.) railroad train ferry, railway train ferry
Togferje: (Nor.) railroad train ferry, railway train ferry
Togo: west coast of Africa on Gulf of Guinea; aka Togoland, Republique du Togo; currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark, 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 centimes = 1 Franc 1886: joined the UPU with other German colonies, 1888, Mar.1: first post office opened under German control, 1897, June: No.1, 3 pfennings dark brown, diagonal Togo overprint on German occupation stamps plus German stamps valid, 1900, Nov.: Togo inscription on German colonial keytypes, demonetized in Sept. 1901, 1914, Sep.: overprint on stamps of German Togo “Togo / Anglo-French / Occupation” for British occupation, overprint “Togo / Occupation / Franco-Anglaise” for French occupation areas, 1914-15: during shortage of stamps, stamps of Gold Coast used, 1915, May: stamps of Gold Coast overprint “Togo / Anglo-French / Occupation,” 1916: overprint on stamps of Dahomey “Togo / Occupation / Franco / Anglaise” for use in French occupation area, 1919, July 10: Britain and France divided country after mandate, 1920, Oct.: stamps of Gold Coast used in British area of occupation, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig for loss of territory, 1921, July 15: under French mandate; Dahomey stamps overprinted “Togo,” 1921: first postage due stamp of Dahomey overprinted “Togo,” 1922, July 20: United Nations awarded the British Zone to the Gold Coast, 1938: first semi postal stamp, 1940: first air mail stamp, French-mandated Togo declared for the Vichy government, 1942: air mail semi postal stamps issued and only sold by Vichy government in France, 1944-47: stamps of French West Africa used, 1947, Oct. 6: stamps as a Trust Territory, 1955, May 2: stamps issued as an Autonomous Republic, 1956: French area granted internal autonomy, 1957: British zone united with Ghana (former Gold Coast), 1957: French zone became a republic; “Republique Autonome de Togo” inscription, 1958: French area became independent, 1960, April 27: became an independent republic, “Republique du Togo” inscription, 1962, Mar. 21: joined the UPU, 1962: “Republique Togolese” inscription, 1991: first official stamp
Togo/Anglo-French/Occupation: overprint on stamps of German Togo for British occupation area
Togolaise: (Fr.) Togo
Togo Occupation Franco-Anglaise: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of German Togo and Dahomey for French occupation of Togo
To Hundre: (Nor.) two-hundred (number)
To Hundrede: (Dan.) two-hundred (number)
Tokelau Islands: Pacific Ocean, 300 miles north of Western Samoa; three atolls: Atafu, Nukunono and Fakaofo, one of world’s smallest and most isolated nations; aka Union Islands, currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 NZ dollar (1967) 1900: US accepted control over the eastern islands, used US stamps without overprint, 1916: stamps from Gilbert and Ellice Islands, 1925: stamps of Western Samoa, 1925, Nov. 4: transferred from the Gilbert & Ellice group to New Zealand, renamed Union Islands, took over administrative duties from Great Britain, 1946, May 7: took name of Tokelau, 1948, June 22: No.1, ½ penny red-brown and rose-lilac, 1949, Jan. 1: incorporated as part of New Zealand, but issues own stamps
Tokyoint: cancel for Tokyo International Post Office, opened Oct. 28, 1968, to handle processing of international mail originating in Tokyo and Yokohama
Tolar: currency unit in Slovenia
Toledo: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican and Nationalist forces, 1937
Tolima: one of the United States of Colombia, 1870-1904, now uses stamps ofColombia
Tollur: (Ice.) cancel used on revenue stamps
Tolosa: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1931
Tolox: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Toluca: overprint on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883
Tolv: (Dan., Nor.) twelve (number)
Toman: currency unit of Persia (Iran)
Tombstone: term used to describe a handstamp that looks like a tombstone, vertical format with a rounded top and a square bottom
Tomeloso: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Tommy Gun stamp: name given to a $200 stamp used for a permit to own a Thompson submachine gun; 1934
Toned paper: name given to off-white paper, usually with a brownish shade; Cook Islands issue of 1892
Tonet: (Nor.) tinted
Tong: tool shaped like a tweezer with rounded tips used to handle stamps
Tonga: 180 miles southeast of Fiji; aka the Friendly Islands; Toga is native name for island, currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 seniti = 1 pa’ anga (1967) 1886: first stamps from Fiji, 1887: No.1, 1 penny carmine-rose, first own stamp, 1893, Feb. 13: first official stamp, adopted the UPU rates, 1900: became British protectorate, 1942, Oct.: New Zealand troops landed, closed post office in Jan. 1944, 1950-pre: stamps inscribed Toga, 1950, Nov. 1: stamps inscribed “Tonga,” 1962, Feb. 7: first air mail official stamps, 1963, July 15: stamps in shape and style of a coin, first air mail stamp, 1970, June 4: Britain ceased to have responsibility for external relations of Tonga, 1972, Jan. 26: joined the UPU, 1982, Apr.14: first semi-postal stamp, 1990, Feb.1: first air mail special delivery stamps; Niuafo’ou (Tin Can Island)
Tongan pa’anga: currency unit in Niuaf’ou
Tongareva: native name for Penrhyn Island
Tonga Tin-Can Mail: started in 1921 at Niuafo’ou when a native was killed by a shark while pushing a can of mail through the water to a ship
Tongking: Viet Minh government, North Vietnam, 1946-54
Tongs: an indispensable instrument used to handle stamps that looks like a tweezer but has a round or spade tip which can be inserted under the stamps without hurting the perforations or borders
Toning: discoloration on envelopes or stamps caused by exposure to light, heat, humidity, air or a combination of factors
Tonkin: Annam and Tonkin
Tono: (Sp.) shade (color)
Tonquin: aka Tongking, Tonking; Annam and Tonkin
Tonsberg: Seaport and seat of Vestfold county, SE Norway, located on N end of Nøtterøy Island ca. 45 miles SSW of Oslo. Local post established, with set-of-4 “Tonsberg” lithographed on colored papers local stamps depicting an edifice issued 29 August 1884, and with further local stamps issued through 1887. The local post ceased operations effective 1 July 1890
Tønsberg og Omegns Automobilkompani: (Nor.) city in Norway, local post labels used for freight of packages on the buses in the Tønsberg area 1884-90
Tönung: (Ger.) shade (color)
Tony’s Taxis, Bedford: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
Too Late: special stamp for payment when a letter is mailed after the normal hour of posting has passed
Tools: accessories
Tooth: projection of paper that are part of a perforation
Top: The Bureau of Engraving and Printing added the word TOP to the blue plate (the vignette) and to the carmine plate (the frame) to help prevent the printing of inverted blue airplane designs
To Pay: inscription on stamps of Great Britain for postage due
To Pay labels: British label for charges related to customs and special handling fees rather than postage due
Topeji: overprint on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883
Topical collection: a collection of stamps, covers, cancellations and other items related to one specific topic, aka thematic or subject collecting
Topical: stamps by the topic on the stamps, such as space, animals, sports, etc
Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co.: bank note engraving firm that printed the 1851-60 U.S. stamp issue
Torajam: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Torbay Taxi Services: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971
Torch Stamp: meter stamps made by Friden Neopost illustrating a flaming torch
Torello: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Tornese: currency unit in the Kingdom of Two Sicilies
Tornese Naple: re-engraved issues of Naples, 1860; name came from currency of period
Torn stamp: stamp condition not acceptable for a collection; the exception are used stamps of Afghanistan, where postal clerks tore stamps as a form of cancellation
Toro: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936
Török: (Hung.) Turkish (adj.)
Törökország: (Hung.) Turkey
Toronto Delivery Co.: parcel delivery firm that serviced Toronto, used a label, year unknown
Toronto Estonian Philatelic Society: local, Canada postal strike, 1975-78
Torralba de Calatrava: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Torredonjimeno: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Torremanzanas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Torrente: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Torreperogil: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Torres: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Torres Strait Settlement: bogus Australian local post, c1879
Torrevieja: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Torr färg: (Swed.) dry color
Torrox: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Torsdag: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Thursday
Tortosa: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Toscana: (Dan., It., Sp.) Tuscany
Toscano: (It.) Italian State of Tuscany
Toskana: (Dan.) Tuscany
Totalan: city in Spain, Spanish civil war local post, Nationalist, 1937
Totma: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1894-1904, Zemstvo
Totogi G Tohi: (Good for Postage) Tonga
Totopetz: town in Russia, local post; aka Pskoff
Tou: inscription on Iranian revenue stamps for airmail usage, 1928
Touché: (Fr.) touched, adjoined, border on
Touched: adjoined, border on
Toughre: triple sign-manual, signature of the former Sultan of Turkey; on 1863, 1897-1908 Turkish issues, also as an overprint, aka tougra
Toukh: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1865-84, Interpostal Seals
Tour et Taxis: (Fr.) Thurn and Taxis
Tours: city in France, local provisional, 1944
Toutes Taxes: (Fr.) all taxes; inscription on stamps of French colony revenues
Touva: Tannu-Tuva; 1: inscription on stamps of Tannu Tuva, 1927-35 2: bogus Russian Federation Republic; overprint and stamps, not valid for postage
Tovva: overprint/inscription on stamps of Mongolia for Tannu Touva
Towle & Co. Letter Delivery: U.S. local post handstamp, Boston, Mass., 1847
Towle City Post: U.S. local post handstamp, Boston, Mass., 1849-50
Towle ‘s City Dispatch Post: U.S. local post handstamp, Boston, Mass., 1849
Town marks: name of a town, often used as cancellations, when killer bars or cancels were not available
Town postmark: British cancelers used 1842-44 to distinguish them from the Maltese Cross and 1844 numbered types
Town stamp: handstamp usually containing only the name of the town
Toy boat mail: St. Kilda toy boat mail
Toyland: Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate
Toypkia: Greek post offices in Turkish Empire used stamps of Greece with name of town and Toypkia in brackets, Oct. 13, 1861-April 25, 1881
Toy stamps: produced for children as part of a game in which children could establish a make- believe post office, may be considered a cinderella
Toytown Post: children’s stamps; Toy stamps
T.P. (Timbre Poste): (Fr.) postage stamp
TPE: Tiny Paper Enclosure(s)
TPG Post: name of the Dutch postal service effective May 29, 2002; formerly PTT Post
TPO: T.P.O. Magazine (publication of the T.P.O. and Seapost Society), Great Britain; Traveling Post Office
T.P.O.M.: (Fr.) Territoires et Possessions d’Outre-Mer overseas territories
TPOS: The Postal Order Society
T.Q.: Timbre de Quittance; receipt; French colony revenue inscription
TR: 1: auction abbreviation for territorial use. 2: precedes the postal code on addresses in Turkey. 3: Titles Registry, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 4: auction abbreviation for tear
Trachten: (Ger.) costume, topic or theme
Tracia: (Sp.) Thrace
Trade press: publications dealing solely with news for stamp dealers and professional stamp traders
Trade Sample Proof (TSP): stamp printing firm sheet to illustrate the quality of their work
Trader’s Express: local parcel delivery firm operated between Boston, Mass. and Providence, R.I. used a label
Trader’s Express: local parcel delivery firm operated between Biddeford, Portland and Saco, Maine. used a corner card
Trader’s Express Company: local parcel delivery firm operated around Newark, N.J. used a label
Traditional screening: printing method based on a fixed number of dots per square centimeter
Traffic lights: color dots, one for each color used in printing, applied in sheet margins of British stamps
Traffic light block: block with attached margin showing color checks
Traiguera: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces,1937
Trailer Permit: inscription on U. S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps, issued by National Park Service and sold by park rangers; 1939 to 1952
Training stamps: date back to business schools, but used today for training postal clerks; France issued 32 different; college stamps
Traite de Versailles: (Fr.) Allenstein overprint on stamps of Germany, plebiscite issue, 1920
Traje: (Sp.) costume, topic or theme
Trakback: British post office label with serial number and barcode for tracing parcel
Tranebærrød: (Dan., Nor.) cranberry-red (color)
Trangka: unit of currency in Tibet
Transacciones: (Transactions) revenue stamps used as postage, Bolivia, 1893
Trans-Antarctic Expedition: overprint on stamps of Falkland Islands Dependencies for use by the Hillary-Fuchs Trans-Antarctic expedition in 1955-58
Trans-Baikal Province: 1920, Jan. 20-Oct. 21: White Russian regime established at Chita, Siberia, surcharge on four stamps of Russia; Siberia
Transcarpathian Oblast: Celistvosti – Podkarpatská Rus
Trans-Carpathian Ukraine: are in Russia, local post, 1944
Trans-Caucasian Federated Republics: formed from Armenia, Russian Azerbaijan, and Georgia; currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble 1923, July 6: Caucasian states formed an independent Soviet republic, 1923, Sept.15: No.1, 10 kopecks dark blue, first stamp, overprint ‘arms’ type of royalist Russia, 1924: all stamps withdrawn, used stamps of USSR
Trans-Djuba-Gebiet: (Ger.) Jubaland
Transfer: an impression made on the printing plate by the transfer roll, the medium used to transfer the subject from the die to the plate
Transferencia: (Sp.) transfer
Transfer roller: cylinder of soft steel used to take up the design engraved on a die, design on the roll appears in “relief” and in reverse, when hardened, the transfer roll can make multiple impressions of the design
Transfer, short: happens when a transfer roller does not roll in a subject to its full length causing part of the design to be omitted
Transient second-class: former U.S. Post Office Department term for publications that did not meet the requirements for the special postal rates granted to most publishers
Transit charge: a fee levied by one country for transporting, through its system, mail destined for and belonging to another country
Transitional perforation: a change in the perforation gauge in the middle of a stamp
Transitional stamp: a strip of stamps that show a change from one form to another
Transition Multiple: a pair, strip or block of stamps with one or more error stamps
Transit mark: handstruck mark on a letter besides those of the origin and destination, usually post offices located at intersection of mail routes and designated as “distribution centers,” may contain the word “transit” in the device
Transition stamp: a stamp multiple that shows a change from one form to another
Transit mark: postal marking applied between the sending and receiving post offices
Transitorio: (Sp.) (Transitory) provisionals of Mexico, 1913
Transito Territorio: (Sp.) (Territorial Transit) transcontinental route, El Salvador, 1899
Transit postmark: the postal marking applied between the sending and receiving post offices
Transitstempel: (Dan.) cancellation applied to mail in transit to destination
Transittkontorer i Tyskland: (Nor.) postal transit office in Germany
Trans-Jordan: Jordan
Transkaukasien republik: (Swed.) Transcausasian Federated Republics (Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia)
Transkaukasischer Bund: (Ger.) Transcaucasian Federated Republics
Transkei: East Cape Province, South Africa Homeland State, currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents + 1 rand (1961) 1858-65: protection of Cape Colony, 1879-94: annexed to the Cape Colony, 1913: received internal self-government from South Africa, 1976, Oct. 26: No.1, 4¢ multicolor, issued its first stamps as independent republic for local use, 1994, April 27: ceased to exist; South Africa
Trans-Mississippi Issue: commemorative U.S. stamps issued for the Omaha Exposition, 1898
Trans-Mississippi mail: postal route across the Mississippi River that connected the eastern and western Confederate states during the Civil War, 1861-65
Transnistrian Moldavian Republic (PMR): Russian part of Moldavia issues own stamps valid for domestic mail only
Transports a l’Interior: (Fr.) internal freight tax; French colony revenue inscription
Transportation Coils: series of U.S. definitive stamps, 1981
Trans-Oceanic First Flight: new air mail route across either the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans
Transorma: machine for sorting mail arranged by street delivery, name came from Transportation and Sorting by Marchand and Andriessen, demonstrated in 1927 and used until July 1968
Transpacific mail: 1866: Pacific Mail Steam Navigation Co. received a contract from the U.S. for a regular service from San Francisco to Hong Kong via Hawaii and Yokohama, 1868: Hong Kong and U.S. established rates of postage (10¢ U.S.), feeder service to Japan established, 1877: Oriental and Oceanic Steamship Co. began an alternative service, 1892: Canadian Pacific Railway started from Vancouver to Hong Kong
Transporto Pacchi in Concessione: (It.) parcel post authorized delivery, Italy
Transportadora Colombia: (Sp.) local post, Colombia Express Companies
Transportes Ecomicas: (Sp.) local post, Colombia Express Companies
Transporto Pacchi in Concessione: (It.) Italy Parcel Post stamps
Transports: 1:U.S. Post Office series of air mail stamps issued in 1941; they all depicted a transport-type aircraft. 2: freight tax; French colony revenue inscription
Transports Aeriens Guyanais (TAG): air local, French Guiana, 1921
Transvaal: a Boer republic of South Africa; aka South African Republic; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound 1869, Aug.: No.1, 1 penny brown lake, coat of arms design, stamps issued as the First South African Republic, Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek (Afrikaan), 1877-78: British control of area, stamps overprinted “V.R. Transvaal,” 1878-1909: stamps depicting head of Queen Victoria, 1880, Dec.: first Boer War, Britain defeated in battle, ZAR aka “Second Republic,” 1882: stamps of the Second Republic issued, 1883: republican stamps used, 1887: Bakker Express, local post serving Nylstroom-Pretoria-Marabstad, 1893: joined the UPU, 1884: republic restored, 1899, Oct. 12: second Boer War, censorship of mail widespread for first time, local stamps produced during the many sieges, 1900: annexed to Great Britain and named the Transvaal, 1902-06: self-government, used British colonial type issues overprinted “V.R.I.” (Victoria Regina Imperatrix), 1907: first postage due stamp, 1910: became one of the four colonies forming the Union of South Africa
Transvaal: overprint for Central South African Railway
Transylvania: eastern part of Hungary; 1919: Romanian occupying troops issued “Regatul Romanaiei” (Kingdom of Romania) overprint on stamps of Hungary
Trapiche: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Trask’s Express: local mail and parcel delivery firm operated between Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels
Trasporto Pacchi in Concessione: (It.) concessionary parcel stamps used by private firms at rates lower than government services, 1953
Trauerblock: (Ger.) memorial stamp
Travailleurs Étrangers: (Fr.) foreign workers; French colony revenue inscription
Travancore: India Feudatory State, southwest coast of India; currency: 16 cash = 1 chuckram, 2 chuckrams = 1 anna 1888: No.1, 1 chuckram ultramarine, first stamps for native state in Madras States Agency, 1949, July 1: United States of Travancore – Cochin established; stamps were overprinted / surcharged, 1949: first official stamps, 1950: inscription for “State of Travancore – Cochin” 1951, June 30: stamps discontinued, uses stamps of Republic of India
Travancor-Anchal (Anchel): India, Travancore, Cochin
Travancore-Cochin: India, Travancore, Cochin established as a United State; 1949, July 1: No.1, 2 pies on 6 cash violet black, 1949: stamps of Travancore overprinted “Service” for official use; Travancore
Traveling post office: several railways, world-wide, including the Grand Junction Railway, traveling between London and Birmingham, England, carried mail, Jan. 6, 1838
TRD: temporary rubber date stamp issued while regular marking is being replaced or not available
Tre: (Dan., Nor.) three (number)
Treasure Island: George Fabian fantasy of Robert Louis Stevenson’s island
Treasury Dep’t.: U.S. Officials
Treasury Essay Competition: a stamp design contest by the British Treasury, held in 1839, 2,600 entries received, none were used
Treasury Roulette: form of roulette machine devised by Henry Archer and tested in G. B., 1853-54; Gladstone
Treasury Savings Stamp: issued by the Treasury Department
Treatment: term used in judging an exhibit to determine development, completeness and correctness of the exhibit
Treaty acceptance: foreign origin mail accepted for airmail service based on an international treaty or agreement providing for rates and compensation
Treaty of Nanking: 1842: at the end of the Opium Wars Great Britain was permitted to trade at Amoy, Canton, Foochow, Ningpo, and Shanghai. Due to the lack of a national postal service in China, postal agencies were opened in these cities, as well as Chefoo, Hankow, Kiungchow, Swatow, and Tientsin. 1859: postal agencies were also opened in Japan at Nagasaki and Yokohama, Kobe (1868),. Later, the governments of France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia and the U.S. operated consular post offices in Chinese treaty ports. There were 11 Chinese cities in which local posts were operated by foreign businessmen. 1894: France used French and Indo-China stamps at post offices operated at Canton, Chungking, Hoi How, Kungming, Kwangchowan, Mongtseu, and Pakhoi. 1899: Russia overprinted stamps of Russia for use in Russian Post offices in China. 1917: stamps of Hong Kong were overprinted “China” for use at British treaty port post offices; stamps of Germany were overprinted “China;” stamps of Italy were overprinted “Pechino” (Peking) and Tientsin;” stamps of Japan were also overprinted using Japanese characters. 1919, July 1: U.S. operated a post office at Shanghai with US stamps overprinted and surcharged “Shanghai/denomination/China.” 1922, Dec.: U.S. ceased use of U.S. stamps
Treaty Ports: cities in China and Japan where foreign nations were permitted trading facilities; stamps were issued for use in their postal services
Treaty rate: permitted U.S. domestic rates to carry a letter or card to another country without paying the international rate
Trebizonde: aka Trebisonde, Trabzon, town on coast of Anatolia, Ottoman Empire; 1857, Nov.: French post office opened; closed Aug. 1914. 1909-14; overprint on stamps of Russia, Offices in Turkish Empire; used in Turkish cities with Russian post offices, Beyrouth, Constantinople, Dardanelles, Jaffa, Jerusalem, Kerassunde, Metelin, Mont Athos, Salonique, Smyrne, Rizeh, and Trebisonde; issued to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Russian post offices in the Turkish Empire
Tredie rige: (Dan.) 3rd Reich
Tredive: (Dan.) thirty (number)
Tredve: (Nor.) thirty (number)
Trefärgstryck: (Swed.) Tryck – Trefärgs
Tre hundre: (Nor.) three-hundred (number)
Tre Hundrede: (Dan.) three-hundred (number)
Trei: (Rom.) three (number)
Treisprezece: (Rom) thirteen (number)
Treizeci: (Rom) thirty (number)
Tren: (Rom.) train
Trengganu: on eastern coast of the Malay Peninsula; Malaysia, overprint on stamps of Straits; 1909: became a British protectorate after being under Thailand rule, 1910: No.1, 1¢ gray green, first stamps from Straits Settlements inscribed Trengganu, 1917, Oct.: first semipostal stamp, 1937, Aug. 10: first postage due stamp, 1942: Japanese occupation, Japanese characters, “Dai Nippon 2602 Malaya” Japanese Postal Service 1942 Malaya; overprint, 1942: postage due occupation stamp with handstamp “Seal of the Post Office of the Malayan Military Department,” 1943, Oct. 19: ceded to Thailand by Japan, 1944: Japanese occupation stamps overprinted for use in Trengganu, 1945, Sept.: returned to British protection, 1948: joined the Federation of Malaysia, 1949, Dec. 27: definitives issued, 1957: used stamps of the Federation of Malaysia along with those of Trengganu, 1963: joined the Federation of Malaysia, 1965, Nov. 15: used designs of Johore, inscribed “Trengganu,” 1999, Mar. 4: stamps of Malaysia
Trengganu, 1963: joined the Federation of Malaysia, 1965, Nov. 15: used designs of Johore, inscribed “Trengganu,” stamps of Malaysia
Trennung: (Ger.) separation
Tren postal: (Sp.) mail train made up of coaches and wagons
Trentino: “Regno d’ Italia / Venezia Tridentina / 3.XI.18” (It.) aka Venezia Tridentina, overprint on stamps of Austria for Italian Occupation, 1918
Trenton Match Co.: inscription on Match stamp; Private die proprietary stamps
Trenton, New Jersey: occupied by British until Dec. 29, 1776
Trepado: (Sp.) stamp perforation
Treringsnummerstemple(r): (Dan., Nor.) 3-concentric rings numeral oblit cancellation(s)
Tres: (Dan.) sixty (number)
Tresidet utakket: (Dan.) three sides imperforate
Tresillo: (Sp.) triptych, strip of three stamps
Tre Skilling Banco: Swedish philatelic rarity, orange color error, supposed to be blue
Tresor et Postes: (Fr.) Czechoslovak legions in France, 1914
Tresse: decorative design found on the back flap of some envelopes
Trestribe: (Dan.) strip-of-3
Trestripe: (Dan., Nor.) strip-of-3
Tretio: (Swed.) (thirty) error on Swedish 20 öre stamp, 1879, which should have read “tjugo” (twenty)
Tréves (Fr.), Treviri (Lat.): aka Trier, Germany
Tretten: (Dan., Nor.) thirteen (number)
TRG: training
Trial color proofs: 1: prints made from dies or plates in order to evaluate the final color of a stamp. 2: reprint proofs. 3: used as presentation material for officials in French area countries
Trial flight: flight made to evaluate aircraft or system, some have covers aboard commemorating flight
Triangular frank: (Chinese) star with Chinese characters; military free frank, effective Oct. 1, 1984
Triangular perforation: perforation set up so that the rows of holes form triangles
Tribunales Españoles: (Sp.) Spanish courts of law used on revenues
Tribunaux: (Fr.) courts for the Annamites (Annam); religious tribunals; French colony revenue inscription
Trident: Ukraine’s national emblem, appears on a number of their stamps
Tridentina: Austria overprint on stamps of Italy, Italian Occupation, 1918
Tridimensional: stamp printing that looks like a three-dimensional view
Trier: local post, Germany, Privatpost Merkur, 1897-1900
Triest: (Ger.) Trieste
Trieste: city on Adriatic Sea between Italy and Yugoslavia, administrative center of Italian province of Venezia Giulia; Currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira, 100 paras = 1 dinar (1949), 1918: “Regno d’Italia / Venezia Giulia / 3.XI.18” Kingdom of Italy / Venezia Giulia / 3.XI.18; overprint on stamps of Austria for Italian occupation, 1919-pre: stamps of Austria used, 1943: stamps of Italy and RSI (Repubblica Sociale Italiana) (It.) Italian Social Republic used, 1945, May 1 – June 15,1946: Yugoslav occupation, stamps of RSI overprinted “Trieste – TRST 1.V.45” used, 1945 – June 15, 1947: Allied occupation, stamps of (Kingdom of ) Italy used overprinted A.M.G. – V.G. Allied Military Government – Venezia Giulia, zone A, 1947: No.1, 25¢ bright blue-green, A.M.G. postage due, 1947, Oct. 1: Free Territory of Trieste Zone A established; Allied occupation, stamps of (republic of) Italy overprinted “A.M.G..F.T.T.,” (American Military Government, Free Territory of Trieste) used, withdrawn in Nov. 1948-54: No.1, 100 liras, Free Territory of Trieste Zone B, 1948, Oct. 17: Zone B issued by the Yugoslav military administration (V.U.J./N.A,), Yugoslav occupation, stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted “VUJA – STT” Military Administration of Yugoslav Army, Free Territory of Trieste, first air mail, postage due, postal tax due stamps,1949, Aug. 15: Yugoslav stamps issued, ceased Oct. 25, 1954 1950-51, 53: overprint “Fiera di Trieste” (Trieste Fair), 1954; first air mail, postage due issues, 1954, Oct. 30: Zone A incorporated into Italy, Zone B into Yugoslavia
Trieuse automatique: (Fr.) letter-facing machine
Trigueros: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Trimmed Coils: trimming perforated stamps to make them appear to be an expensive coil stamp
Trimmed perforations: a stamp with perforations cut away after issuance
Trimmed stamps: term used when part of stamp cut away after issue; revenue inscription cut off stamps of India in 1866 to be re-issued for postage use, postage overprint applied
Trinacria: ancient name of Sicily, “triangle,” referring toshape ofisland; sometimes used for the 1860 stamps of Naples which show the three-legged symbol of Sicily
Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago: West Indies, off the coast of Venezuela; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1935) 1847: Sir Henry McLeod, governor of Trinidad, created local postal system, named steam ship company ship The Lady McLeod, and designed a stamp to be used on mail they carried. Usually, a portion of the stamp was ripped off as proof of cancellation, 1851, April 4: post office established at Port of Spain, capital, 1851, Aug.14: No.1,1 pence purple brown, depicts “Britannia” first stamps inscribed Trinidad, had no face value until 1859, 1858-60: British stamps used on overseas mail, ‘A-14′ marking at Scarborough, 1860: handstamp “Paid at Tobago,” 1879, Aug.1: use of postage ordered on letters and newspapers, first stamps for Tobago, 1885, Jan. 1: first postage due stamp for Trinidad, 1889: Trinidad and Tobago united, became part of the Colony of Trinidad and Tobago, stamps of Trinidad used until 1913, 1892, Jan. 4: an inland postal service began, 1893: first official stamp for Trinidad, 1896: stamps of Tobogo superceded by those of Trinidad, 1909: last stamp issued for Trinidad, 1913: No.1, ½ penny green, stamps inscribed Trinidad & Tobago, 1913: first official stamp for Trinidad and Tobago, 1914, Sept. 18: first semipostal stamp for Trinidad, 1917: first war tax stamp for Trinidad and Tobago, 1923: first postage due stamp for Trinidad, 1962, Aug. 31: became an independent member of the British Commonwealth, 1963, June 15: joined the UPU, 1970: first postage due for Trinidad and Tobago, 1976, Aug. 1: became Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad & Tobago: 1: Town Hall San Fernando (with construction), inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: San Fernando Diesel inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Trinidad Red Cross Society: inscription on label or sealing stamp authorized for use as a 1/2d stamp on one day only, Sept. 18, 1914
Trinidade: South Atlantic island, off the coast of Brazil; 1894, Oct.: James Harden-Hickey, owner of the island, issued 7 stamps, 1895: Brazil claimed the island
Trinité et Tobago: (Fr.) Trinidad and Tobago. 1963, June 15: joined the UPU
Tripartite stamps and labels: three part stamp or label used by bus and freight firms divided by perforations; left portion kept by clerk as record of the transaction, center portion is affixed to the parcel, and right hand part is kept by the sender as a receipt
Trípáska: (Czech.) strip-of-3
Tripoli: Tripolitania
Tripoli: capital of Libya; 1874, Jan. 1: used general issues for Italian post offices abroad, 1869, Jan.: Italian post office opened, 1908, June 1: used stamps of Italian post offices in the Turkish Empire, 1909-15: “Tripoli di Barberia” overprint on stamps of Italy for use in its Turkish territory, 1911-12: stamps of Libya used after Italian occupation, 1912, Oct.: ceded by Turkey to Italy, became colony of Libia, 1918: occupied by British troops, 1927, 1930: special exhibition stamps, “XII Campionaria,” Libya
Tripoli di Barberia: overprint on stamps of Italy; offices in Tripoli, 1909, Italian Offices in Africa, Turkish Empire, 1905-15
Tripoli, Fiera Campionaria: inscription on stamps of Libya while under Italian control, 1930s
Tripoli Maggio: overprint on stamps of Libya for Tripolitania air mail, 1934
Trst 25 VII 1920 TPCT: inscription on label that claims Trieste belongs to Yugoslavia
Turkish territory, 1908, June 1: used stamps of Italian post offices in the Turkish Empire, 1911-12: stamps of Libya used after Italian occupation, 1918: occupied by British troops, 1927, 1930: special exhibition stamps, “XII Campionaria,”
Tripoli: city in Lebanon, 1: 1852, Sept.-Aug. 1914: French offices in Ottoman Empire, 2: Interpostal Seals used 1871, Interpostal Seals
Tripolitania: northern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1901: Italian offices, overprints on stamps of Italy, 1911-12: Italy took area from Turkey, 1923, Oct. 24: No.1, 20 centesimi olive-green and brown-orange, “Tripolitania” overprint on stamps of Italy, 1925: first semipostal stamp, “Tripolitania” overprint on stamps of Italy, 1930, July 26: first air mail stamp, “Tripolitania” overprint on stamps of Italy, 1931, March: authorized delivery stamp, stamp of Italy overprinted, 1931: Dec. 7: air mail stamp inscribed Tripolitania, 1934, May 1: air mail special delivery, stamp type of Libya overprinted, 1934, Oct. 16: first stamp inscribed Tripolitania, 1934, Nov. 5: air mail semipostal stamp inscribed Tripolitania, 1934: air mail semipostal official stamp, overprinted “Servizio di Stato” (Service of the State), 1935: used stamps of Libya, 1948, July 1:-51: No.1, 1 lira on ½ pence green; British offices, stamps of Britain overprinted “B.M.A. Tripolitania” (British Military Administration), surcharged with values in “M.A.L.” (Military Administration Lira); 1950, Feb. 6: British stamps overprinted “B.A.” (British Administration), surcharged with values in “M.A.L.” (Military Administration Lira); first postage due stamp. 1951, Dec. 24: became part of Libya
Tripolitanien: (Ger.) Tripolitania
Triptico: (Sp.) triptych
Triptych: three stamps in a row with an interconnected and related design
Triptychon: (Ger.) triptych
Triptyque: (Fr.) triptych
Triquera: first stamps issued by the French island colony of New Caledonia in 1860, created by a French marine sergeant named Triquera
Tristam’s Express: local baggage delivery firm operated in New York City, used a label
Tristan da Cunha: islands in the South Atlantic, between Cape of Good Hope and South America; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 rand (1961), 12 pence= 1 shilling (1963), 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 pence = 1 pound sterling (1971) c1918: used stamps of Britain, 1935: “Tristan da Cunha” overprint privately applied by Rev. Wilde, postmaster, 1946: eight essays prepared by Mr. A.B. Crawford, a meteorologist stationed on the island, in the hope that they be adopted, but none were, 1947: the 1d essay (of the eight stamps) was privately printed and shipped to the island, 1952, Jan. 1: No.1, ½ penny purple, first stamps were overprints “Tristan / da Cunha” on stamps of St. Helena, used for Shackleton expedition, 1957, Feb.1: first postage due stamp, 1961, Oct.: volcanic activity; all islanders evacuated to England, stamps overprinted “Tristan Relief” but withdrawn after one week as unauthorized, 1963, April 12: islanders returned, and stamps of St. Helena overprinted “Tristan da Cunha Resettlement 1963.”
Trittico: (It.) triptych
Trockengummi: (Ger.) special gum which is almost invisible
Trollope, Anthony: novelist and British Post Office surveyor, 1851, proposed “letter boxes should be erected…”
Trompe de maile-poste: (Fr.) posthorn
Trompe l’oeil: (Fr.) fooling or cheating the eye; sometimes used for very good forgeries
Tromsø: (also Tromsö) seaport and seat of Troms county, N Norway, located on a small island between Kvaløy Island and the mainland ca. 735 miles NNE of Oslo. Site of 19th century local posts established by Johan Lund and M. Urdal (q.v. individual local post entries)
Tromso Bypost: city in Norway, local post, 1881-96
Tromsø – Johan Lund Local Post: Local post established by Johan Lund, a bank clerk, who appointed P. L. Wilhelmsen as manager; M. Urdal, a bookseller succeeded as manager in 1882. Lund disposed the post to Urdal in 1889. Set-of-3 “Tromsö Bypost” lithographed local stamps depicting a reindeer issued 24 February 1881, with further similar local stamps issued through 1887
Tromsø – M. Urdal Local Post: Local post acquired by M. Urdal from Johan Lund, with a redrawn version of the previous “Tromsö Bypost” reindeer pictorial local stamp issured in 1895-1896
Trondheim: (formerly Trondhjem, also Nidaros) seaport and seat of Sør-Trøndelag county in central Norway ca. 280 miles N of Oslo. Site of first Norwegian air mail flight, Norway – 1911 Dropped Mail Over Trondheim Flight
Trondhjem: city in Norway, local bypost, 1865-1913
Tropical gum: gum discolored from its original issue by conditions that allowed for fungal growth
Tropical Medicine Congress: common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1958; on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1950
Tropides Islands: a Donald Evans country in the Caribbean islands, Evans, Donald
Trop tard: (Fr.) too late
Troquelado: (Sp.) rouletted
Trou: (Fr.) hole
Trou d’épingle: (Fr.) pinhole
Troublé gomme: (Fr.) disturbed gum
Troy Business College and School of Stenography and Telegraphy: Troy, N.Y.; used training stamps for practice instruction on how to properly address, frank and post a letter
Trucial States: Persian Gulf, seven Arab sheikdoms; Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah & Kalba, and Umm Al Qiwain; currency: 100 naye paise = 1 rupee 1961, Jan.7: No.1, 5 naye paise emerald, stamps inscribed “Trucial States” but used only at the British postal agency in Dubai; only post office in the seven sheikdoms, 1963, June: Trucial States stamps withdrawn, individual states issued own stamps, 1971, Dec.2: seven sheikdoms formed the United Arab Emirates; United Arab Emirates
True franking: an item that has been mailed and accurately reflects the postage as shown on the stamp
Truppe(n): (Ger.) troops in the armed forces
Tryck: (Swed.) printing
Tryck – Femfärgs: (Swed.) 5-color printing
Tryck – Flerfärgs: (Swed.) multicolor printing
Tryck – Fyrfärgs: (Swed.) 4-color printing
Trycksaker: (Swed.) printed matter
Tryck – Sexfärgs: (Swed.) 6-color printing
Tryck – Trefärgs: (Swed.) 3-color printing
Tryk: (Dan., Nor.) printing
Trykafart: (Dan., Nor.) printing variety
Tryk – Bog: (Dan.) typograph printing, surface printing
Tryk – Ensfarvet: (Dan.) 1-color printing, unicolor printing
Trykfarve: (Dan.) printing ink
Tryk – Farvefejl: (Dan.) ink error printing
Trykfejl: (Dan.) printing misprint, printing imperfection, printing error
Tryk – Femfarvet: (Dan.) 5-color printing
Tryk – Firefarvet: (Dan.) 4-color printing
Tryk – Flad: (Dan.) lithography printing
Trykform: (Dan.) printing cliché
Tryk – Første: (Dan.) 1st printing
Tryk – Fotogravure: (Dan.) photogravure printing
Tryk – Gravørdyb: (Dan.) recess printing
Tryk – Heliogravør: (Dan.) heliogravure printing
Trykk – Dyp: (Nor.) photogravure printing
Trykker: (also Boktrykker) (Nor.) printer
Trykkeri: (Dan., Nor.) printers plant, printery
Trykkfeil: (Nor.) printing misprint, printing imperfection, printing error
Trykking: (also Boktrykk) (Nor.) printing
Trykkmangel: (Nor.) printing defect
Trykkmetode: (Nor.) printing method
Trykksaker: (Nor.) printed matter
Trykk – Stål: (Nor.) recess printing
Trykk – Stein: (Nor.) lithography printing
Trykk – Valse: (Nor.) rotary printing
Trykmangel: (Dan.) printing defect
Trykmetode: (Dan.) printing method
Tryk – Offset: (Dan.) offset printing
Trykoplag: (Dan.) printing
Trykpressar: (Swed.) printing presses
Trykprøve: (Dan.) printing proof
Tryksag: (Dan.) printed matter
Tryk – Seksfarvet: (Dan.) 6-color printing
Tryk – Tofarvet: (Dan.) 2-color printing, bicolor printing
Tryk – Trefarvet: (Dan.) 3-color printing, tricolor printing
Tryk – Valse: (Dan.) rotary printing
TS: 1: Scott Catalog number prefix for Treasury Savings. 2: Tropical stain(ing)
Tscheche: (Ger.) Czech
Tschechoslowakei: (Ger.) Czechoslovakia
Tsjekkia: (Nor.) Czech Republic
Tsjekkisk: (Nor.) Czech
Tsjekkoslovakia: (Nor.) Czechoslovakia
Tsjekkoslovakisk: (Nor.) Czechoslovakian
Tse-Liu-Tsing: local post, southwest China, 1949-50
Tsinghai: northwest China local post, 1949; Kiautschou
Tsingtau Province: China local post, 1949
Trst: (Slov.) Trieste
T-Stempel: (Ger.) postmark indicating insufficient postage
TT: 1: Trust Territory, when used in a postmark. 2:Topical Time , publication of the American Topical Association. 3: Thurn und Taxis
T.Ta.C.: Turkey postal tax air mail stamps, 1931-Aug. 21, 1934, for Turkish Aviation Society
T.Tard: (Fr.) trop tard (too late) pre-adhesive postmark
Tuareg State: Burmese bogus fantasy
Tuba: inscription on stamps of Tannu Tuva
Tube coils: Canadian term for coil stamps printed at high speed and ending up as wrapped tubes
Tube service: pneumatic mail
Tudela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936
Tughra: royal cypher of the former sultans of Turkey, the sultan, unable to write, dipped his finger in ink and “made his mark,” on stamps of Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Hejaz-Nejd
Tugrik: currency unit in Mongolian People’s Republic
Tuke, Sir Brian: organized messengers and number of horses in the City of London, 1526, to carry messages
Tula: 1: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1888, Zemstvo. 2: overprint on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883
Tulancin(c)go: overprint on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883
Tulcmha: city at head of Danube delta, Romania; French post office opened Nov. 1857, closed April 1879
Tullahoma, Ten. Paid 10: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Tullfrit: (Swed.) Customs Free, Swedish postal marking
Tull Taxeringsexp För Brevförs.: (Swed.) Customs Taxation Office for Letter Mail; Swedish postal marking
Tu Maco: Cauca postmaster provisional labels, province of Colombia, 1901-12
Tumbes: 1895 issue used only by revolutionaries in Tumbes, Peru
Tunez: (Sp.) Tunisia
Tunézia: (Hung.) Tunisia
Tunéziai: (Hung.) Tunisia
Tung-cheng: east China local post, 1949
Tunisia: Northern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea; official name of postal administration: La Poste currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 millimes = 1 dinar (1959) 1862: used stamps of France, 1881, May: French protectorate established, 1888, July 1: No.1, 1 centime black, blue, first issues under the French protectorate, joined the UPU, 1901: first postage due stamp, 1906: first parcel post stamp, 1915, Feb.: first semipostal stamp, 1919, April: first air mail stamp, 1940, July-May 1943: administered by Vichy, 1943: Afrika Corps, German fieldpost, 1943, May: overrun by Allies, 1952, May 5:first air mail semipostal stamp, 1955, Sept. 1: self-government, 1956, March 20: independent monarchy, became a sovereign state, 1957, Aug. 8: declared a republic, stamps inscribed République Tunisienne; Aff O, Aidez les Tuberculeux, Anciens Combattants
Tunisie: (Fr.) Tunisia under French administration
Tunisien: (Swed.) Tunisia
Tunisienne, Republique: (Fr.) Tunisia
Tunisk: (Swed.) Tunisian
Tunisko: (Czech.) Tunisian
Tunisky: (Czech.) Tunisian
Tunis, Regence de: Tunisia
Tunn: (Swed.) thin
Tunn fläck: (Swed.) thin spot
Turchese: (It.) turquoise blue (color)
Turchia: (It.) Turkey
Turcia, turcesc: (Rom.) Turkey, Turkish (adj.)
Turcodocus: bogus, Swiss origin
Turecko: (Czech.) Turkey
Turecky: (Czech.) Turkish (adj.)
Turis: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Turistmärken: (Swed.) tourist stamps
Turk (and Caicos) Islands: 1917: first semi-postal stamp,
Turkei: (Ger.) Turkey
Turkestan, Russian: 1917-18: Russian stamps surcharged; probably bogus
Turkey: Asia and Europe; between the Mediterranean and Black Seas, currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 40 paras = 1 ghurush (1926), 40 paras = 1 kurush (1926), 100 kurush = 1 lira 1863, May: No.1, 20 paras black on yellow, first postage due stamp, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1879: first newspaper stamp, 1898, Apr. 21: first military stamp, for use by Turkish occupation forces in Thessaly, 1897-98, 1912: “Greek Administration” overprint on stamps of Greece for use in parts of Greece called “New Greece,” 1915: first semipostal stamp, 1920: Nationalist Government at Angora (Ankara) overprinted revenue and postage stamps of the Ottoman Empire, known as “Turkey in Asia,” 1922: Ottoman Empire ceased to exist, 1923: “Turkey in Asia” ceased to exist; became Republic of Turkey, 1926: first postal tax air mail stamp, 1928: first postal tax stamps, 1934, July 15: first air mail stamp, 1948: first official stamp; AN, Anatolia, Angora, Ankara, Austrian Offices in Turkish Empire
Turkey: AN, Anatolia, Angora, Ankhara, Ankara, Austrian, Russian post offices in Turkish Empire
Turkiet: (Swed.) Turkey
Türkischblau: (Ger.) turquoise blue (color)
Turkish Empire, Italian Offices: General Issues for Albania, Constantinople, Durazzo, Janina, Jerusalem, Salonika, Scutari, Smyrna, Valona, Currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster 1908: post offices maintained in Turkish Empire by various treaties, stamps of Italy surcharged, 1923: Treaty of Lausanne ended post offices regime, 1923, Oct. 27: foreign post offices closed
Turkish lira: currency unit in Cyprus (Turkish)
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: formerly part of Cyprus; stamps illegal based on UPU regulations, currency: 1000 Milliemes = 1 Pound 100 Kurus = 1 Turkish Lira (1978) 1974: Turkey invaded Cyprus, 1974, July 27: first stamp, 1983, Nov. 15: Turkey declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus independence, 1995, July 24: first postal tax stamp
Turkisk: (Swed.) Turkish
Turk Islands: Turks and Caicos Islands
Turkiye: (Turk.) Turkey
Turkiye Cocuk Esirgeme Korumu: (Turk.) postal tax stamps, Turkey
Turkiye Cumhuriyeti Postalari: (Turk.) inscription on stamps of Turkey for
Turkish Republic
Turkiye Postalari: (Turk.) Turkey Post
Türkizkék: (Hung.) turquoise, Turkish blue (color)
Turkmenistan: southern Asia; currency: 100 Kopecks = 1 Ruble 1991, Dec.26: joined with other former Soviet states to form the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1992: first stamps, 1993, Jan. 26: joined the UPU, 2000, May 23: many bogus issues reported to the UPU
Turk Postalari: (Turkish Postal Services) inscription of first issue of Turkey with Latinized spelling
Turkos: (Swed.) turquoise, greenish – light grey- blue (color).Turks and Caicos Islands: 3islands in the West Indiesm south end of the Bahamas, currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 US dollar (1969) 1867, April 4-1900: had own stamps as Turks Islands, 1900: No.1, ½ penny green, first stamp, 1917: overprint for war tax stamps, 1962: islands became a Crown Colony, 1981, July 24: first overprints for the British Crown Colony of the Caicos Islands; Caicos Islands, Turks Islands
Turks & Caicos Islands: Metal Detecting inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001
Turks & Caicosöarna: (Swed.) the Turks & Caicos Islands
Turks Islands: West Indies, southern part of Bahamas; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling 1848: made a British Colony, 1867: No.1, 1 penny rose, first stamp, 1873: became a dependency of Jamaica with separate stamp issues, 1894: last stamp issued, 1900: stamps inscribed Turks and Caicos Islands used; Turks and Caicos Islands
Turned cover: letter sheets or envelopes reversed to be used a second time
Turquesa: (Sp.) turquoise blue (color)
Turques et Caiques: (Fr.) Turks and Caicos
Turquia: (Sp.) Turkey
Turquie: (Fr.) Turkey
Tuscaloosa, Ala. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Tuscany: Italian State
Tuscany: north central portion of Italy, part of Italian States; currency: 60 quattrini = 20 soldi = 12 crazie = 1 lira, 100 centesimi = 1 lira (1860) 1851: letter known from Corsini merchants association from Italy to London, 1851, Apr. 1: No.1, 1 soldi, grayish, Grand-Duchy of Tuscany issued first stamps, 1854: newspaper tax stamp issued for use on foreign newspapers, 1860: annexed to Sardinia, stamps showed arms of Savoy, 1861, Feb. 18: stamps of Sardinia replaced those of Tuscany, 1862: replaced by stamps of Italy
Tuscumbia, Ala.: Confederate States of America, 3¢ 1861 Postmasters’ Provisionals
Tuscumbia, Ala., Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Tusen, ett tusen: (Nor.) one-thousand (number)
Tusind: (Dan.) one-thousand (number)
Tuva: 1: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage. 2: Tanna Tuva. 3: Mongolia, bogus
Tuvalu: islands in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Australia, formerly the British Crown Colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands; currency: 1 Australian dollar = 100 cents 1976, Jan. 1: No.1, 1¢ multicolor, overprint “Tuvalu” on stamps of Gilbert and Ellice Islands, issued own stamps, included in Tuvalu are the islands of Christmas, Fanning, Ocean and Washington, 1976, Jan. 1: No.1, 4 cent multicolor, issued on same day as Tuvalu overprint, 1978, Oct.1: fully independent, 1981, Feb. 3: joined the UPU, 1981: first official stamp issued, 1981, May 13: first postage due stamp issued, 1982, May 20: first semipostal stamp issued; Funafuti, Nanumaga, Nanumea, Niutao, Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae, Vaitupu
Tuvalu-Funafuti: 1984: first stamps inscription on stamps of Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Nanumea: 1984: first stamps inscription on stamps of Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Niutao: 1984: first stamps inscription on stamps of Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Nui: 1984: first stamps inscription on stamps of Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Nukufetau: 1984: first stamps inscription on stamps of Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Nukulaelae: 1984: first stamps inscription on stamps of Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Vaitupu: 1984: first stamps inscription on stamps of Tuvalu
Tuvalu-Nanumaga: first stamps inscription on stamps of Tuvalu
T.V.A.: Taxe à la Valeur Ajoutée (Fr.) V.A.T. value added tax
Tvåfärgad: (Swed.) bicolored
TV Tax Stamp: a license fee for the ownership and use of a television; inscription reads TV license fee paid; started 1972 in many countries
T. Walter City Despatch Post: S. Allan Taylor label
Twee Penny Z.A.R.: (Afr.) two penny surcharge on stamps of South Africa
Tweezers: also known as stamp tongs, tongs
Twer: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1869-89, Zemstvo
Twigg-Smith, Thursten: collector who built and sold (1995) Honolulu Advertiser Hawaii collection
Twin Delivery Ltd., Courier Division: local, Saskatchewan, Canada
Twin Lakes: Brewster, N.Y, bogus local post
Two-cents reds: term used to describe US commemoratives issued between 1927 and 1932
Two Kingdoms of Sicily: Kingdoms of Two Sicily
Two-Ocean: cover flown trans-ocean twice en route to its original destination
Two pence: with Queen on a throne, above inscription; Victoria, 1852-54
Two Reigns: considered the British commonwealth issues of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II only
Two Sicilies: island of Sicily and lower half of the Apennine Peninsula; currency: 200 tornesi = 100 grana = 1 ducat. 1858: No. 1 ½ grana pale lake, first stamp, 1859: stamps for Sicily issued, 1860: annexed to Sardinia; provisional government issue, 1861: stamps for Neapolitan provinces issued; Kingdom of Two Sicilies
Two Star: printed on certain mailboxes, 1970s, to indicate contents would be collected in early evening and immediately processed
TX: USPS abbreviation for Texas
Tyk: (Dan.) thick
Tykk: (Nor.) thick
Tynd: (Dan.) thin
Tynn: (Nor.) thin
Tynn flekk: (Nor.) thin spot
Tyosen: name once used for Korea
Typ: one of the Sicmon Islands in the South Pacific created by Nick Bantock for his book, Griffin & Sabine.Type: 1: letters used by printers; are in many shapes and sizes on stamps, used also in overprints and surcharges. 2: stamps of the same basic design
Typo: abbreviation for typographed
Typographié: (Fr.) typography, letterpress or surface printing from relief prints
Typography: letterpress or surface printing from relief prints
Typeset: stamps printed from movable type designs used by printers
Typewritten stamps: two issues are known; Uganda 1895 and Long Island 1916, but overprints and surcharges are recorded
Typo: Typography
TYR: bogus, no information available
Tyrkia: (Nor.) Turkey
Tyrkiet: (Dan.) Turkey
Tyrkisk: (Dan., Nor.) Turkish
Tyrkiske skeppspost: (Swed.) Turkish ship mail (ship post)
Tyrkiske skibspost: (Dan.) Turkish ship mail (ship post)
Tyrkiske skipspost: (Nor.) Turkish ship mail (ship post)
Tyrol: local post for parcels, Austria, 1919-23
Tysiac Szkol na Tysiaclecie: (Pol.) fund raising label to build schools
Tysk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) German
Tyska Nya Guinea: (Swed.) German New Guinea
Tyska Östafrika: (Swed.) German South-West Africa
Tyska Sydvästafrika: (Swed.) German South-West Africa
Tyske Demokratiske Republik: (Dan.) German Democratic Republic (DDR), East GermanyTyske Kolonier: (Dan.) German Colonies.Tyske skeppspost: (Swed.) German ship mail (ship post)
Tyske skibspost: : (Dan.) German ship mail (ship post)
Tyske skipspost: (Nor.) German ship mail (ship post)
Tyske Stater: (Dan.) German States.Tyskland: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Germany
Tysk Ny Guinea: (Dan.) German New Guinea
Tysk Østafrika: (Dan.) German East Africa
Tysk Post i Kina: (Dan.) German Post Offices in the China
Tysk Post i Marokko: (Dan.) German Post Offices in Morocco
Tysk Post i Tyrkiet: (Dan.) German Post Offices in the Turkish Empire (Levant)
Tysk Post i Udlandet: (Dan.) German Post Offices Abroad
Tysk skibspost: (Dan.) German ship mail (ship post)
Tysk Sydvestafrika: (Dan., Nor.) German Southwest Africa
Tyve: (Dan., Nor.) twenty (number), Tjue
Tze-Chung: local post, southwest China, 1949.

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