Glossary – C


CA: 1: Crown Agents, watermark on stamps of the British Commonwealth. 2: overprint on stamps of Colombia, sold in Canada for SCADTA airline mail to Cuba. 3: Caisse d’Amortissement, (Fr.) overprint / surcharge on French semipostal, to reduce national debt. 4: auction firm abbreviation for Commonwealth of Australia. 5: USPS abbreviation for California. 6: Correspondance de l’Arrondissement (Fr.) official mail, 1836-38. 7: auction abbreviation for catapult mail
C.A.B.: Condetta Antonio Bissoni, Venetian, 1732-33
Cabecera de Hoja: (Sp.) heading or top marginal inscription of a stamp sheet
Cabeza del Buey: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Cabezones: (Sp.) “Big Heads” term for stamps of Spain, the “Franco Head” issues after 1955.
Cabinda: part of the People’s Republic of Angola; 1894-1920: known as Portuguese Congo when it had its own stamps, 1920: used stamps of Angola; Portuguese Congo
Cabinet Noir: (Fr.) black closet, censorship of mail in 16th century France
Cabinettstück: (Ger.) very fine copy
Cabo Blanco: Rio de Oro
Cabo de Buena Esperanza: (Sp.) Cape of Good Hope
Cabo Delgado: bogus, Nyassa Company, Portuguese Mozambique province, 1890s
Cabo Gracias a Dios: (Sp.) “Cape Thanks to God” overprint on province of Nicaragua, 1904-09; 1905: first stamps issued, “Cabo,” “C,” “Costa Atlantica” overprints to prevent currency manipulation, own stamps required because currency was based on silver, while rest of Nicaragua used paper money used to fill dealers’ orders, never regularly issued or used, 1907: overprinted “Costa / Atlantica / C,” first official stamps used overprint “Cabo,” 1909: overprinted “C / Dpto.Zelaya,” Zelaya, province of Nicaragua required separate stamps due to currency differences, Nicaragua, Zelaya
Cabo Jubi: surcharge on stamps of Rio de Oro, for Cape Juby, 1916; Cape Juby
Cabo Juby: overprint on stamps of Rio de Oro, Spain (1919-33), Spanish Morocco, (1934-48) for Cape Juby; Cape Juby
Cabo Verde: inscription on stamps of Spanish Administration, Portuguese Africa, Cape Verde Islands; Cape Verde
Cabra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Cabus Publicus: Roman postal service, app. 250 BC
CAC: Chapter Activities Committee, American Philatelic Society
Caceres: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Cach, Cht: auction abbreviation for cachet(ed)
Caches: overprint on postage dues of France and French Colonies; for use in French India on postage dues
Cachet: 1: a rubber stamp or printed impression on an envelope which describes the event for which the envelope was mailed; cachets are used for first days of issue, first flights, naval events, stamp exhibitions, etc. 2: rubber stamp or seal, not postal. 3: small marks made by dealers, experts on backs of stamps as marks of authenticity or identification. 4: can be privately applied or officially applied by a post office; also known as “Signum.”
Cachet à Date: (Fr.) date stamp
Cachet à Date Circulaire: (Fr.) circular date stamp
Cachet à Main: (Fr.) handstamp, a hand-held device for printing that is struck on an ink pad, and then applied to paper
Cachet au Dos: (Fr.) backstamp; postmark applied to back of incoming mail to show date and time of receipt at the receiving post office
Cachet Circulaire: (Fr.) circular cancellation
Cachet de Bord: (Fr.) on board cancel
Cachet de Cîre: (Fr.) seal (wax)
Cachet de Fantaisie: (Fr.) fancy cancellation
Cachet de Fortune: (Fr.) improvised cachet
Cachet de Garantie: (Fr.) French proprietary stamp guaranteeing that goods with stamp affixed are genuine
Cachet de la Localite: (Fr.) town postmark.
Cacheted Cover: an envelope bearing a type of decoration, tied in to the design of the stamp or a special event
Cacheté(e): (Fr.) sealed
Cachet en Bois: (Fr.) wooden hand stamp
Cachet en Caoutchouc: (Fr.) rubber handstamp
Cacheter: (Fr.) to seal
Cachet Faux: (Fr.) forged cancel
Cachet Maker: someone who designs and produces cachets, either for sale or for personal use
Cachet Manuel: (Fr.) hand cancel
Cachet Méchanique: (Fr.) machine cancel
Cachet Muet: (Fr.) special cancellation, temporary
Cachet Postale: (Fr.) postmark
Cachet Rond: (Fr.) circular cancellation
Cachet Spécial: (Fr.) special cancellation
Cactées: (Fr.) cactus, thematic subject
Cacto: (It., Sp.) cactus, thematic subject
Cactus: US Navy code name during WW II for Guadalcanal Island, British Solomon Islands
C.a.D.: (Fr.) cachet à date; dated postmark
Cadaques: bogus issue for Spain, Evans, Donald
Cadastre: (Fr.) Registration of Deeds; French Colony revenue inscription
Caderneta (de selos): (Port.) booklet (of postage stamps)
Cadiz viva Español: Cadiz, city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local semipostal surcharge, Nationalist, Republican forces, 1936-37
Cadmus Express Co.: local freight firm, serviced Norwich and New York Line steamboats, operated in Boston and New York City, used a label, year unknown
Cadre: (Fr.) frame, border, the outer decorative border of a stamp design
Cadres Varies: (Fr.) different ornaments used on same type of stamp
Cady, Charles L.: sip that carried mail between San Francisco and Fort Sacramento, 1847
Cafeniu: (Rom.) coffee (color)
Cafeniu-brun: (Rom.) coffee-brown (color)
Cale ferata: (Rom.) railroad, railway
CAG: Canadian Air Group
Cage: a secure, enclosed area in a postal facility, where registered mail and other accountable mail is kept, USPS term
C.A.H.: Charles A. Hall, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer
Caicos Islands: Caribbean island chain; part of the Turks and Caicos Islands; 1981, July 24: No.1,1 cent multicolor, Turks and Caicos Islands stamps overprinted “Caicos Islands,” 1985, Dec. 5: last stamp issued, Turks and Caicos Islands
Caillie, Rene, explorer: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1939
Caimanes: (Fr.) Cayman Islands
Cairns Colonial Club Resort: cinderella stamp from Cairns, Australia
Cairo: 1: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1864-84, Interpostal Seals. 2: French post offices opened Nov. 1865-March 1875
Caisse d’Amortissement: (Fr.) Sinking Fund inscription for reduction of national debt, semipostal issue; 1927-31, overprinted / surcharged “CA” 1927
Caja Postal de Ahorros: (Sp.) Post Office Savings Bank, used as a cancel on letters
Cala: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37
Calanas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist, 1936
Calasparra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist, 1937
Calcado en el Reverso: (Sp.) offset design on the back of a stamp due to ink on stamp sheet underneath not being dry
Calchi, Carchi: island in the Dodecanese Sea, Aegean Islands, between Greece and Turkey; 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, occupied by Italy, 1912-29: overprint, “Carchi,” “Calchi” and ” Karki” on stamps of Italy, 1930, 1932: two sets overprinted with island’s name issued, now part of Greece. 1912-32: stamps of Italy overprinted with names of islands: Calchi , Calimno, Caso, Coo, Fero, Fisso, Nisiro, Patmo, Piscopi, Rhodes, Scarpanto, Simi and Stampalia, 1943-45: German occupation, 1945, June 11: British post offices opened, British Middle East Forces, 1947: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece stamps used since
Calcio: (It.) football, thematic subject
Calcograbado: (Sp.) printed by chalcography; a process of engraving on copper or brass, copper-plate engraving
Caldas: Correos Departmentales (Sp.); local post, Department of Caldas, Colombia, 1931
Calderillas de Carton, Calderillas de Cartulina: (Sp.) low value coin-like cardboard discs with a postage or fiscal stamp stuck on the front, Spanish coat of arms on the back; 1938-March 31,1939: issued in the civil war Republican Zone until the end of hostilities to help alleviate the shortage of small change
Caldes de Malavella: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Caldes de Montbui: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Caldes d’Estrac: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Caldey: local post, island off the coast of Wales bearing owner’s name, issued labels, 1973
CALE: Canadian Army Liason Establishment
Caledonian Courier: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Caledonian Railway Company: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Calendar Collector: one who saves a date cancel on a postage stamp for every day of the year
Calender: paper maker term for passing paper through a series of chilled metal rollers when a smooth surface is desired
Calf of Man: Great Britain local post carriage label, 400 different labels were printed, 1962-72
Cali: district in Colombia, 1902
Calidades Diversas: (Sp.) average, sound copy, not too heavily postmarked
Calif.: abbreviation for California prior to Zip Code usage
California: ceded from Mexico Feb. 2, 1848; became a state Sept. 9, 1895
California City Letter Express Co.: US local post, San Francisco, CA., 1862-66
California Penny Post Co.: US local post, California and Nevada, 1855-59
California State Telegraph Company: US telegraph stamps issued for use on firm’s telegrams, 1870-75; originated booklets of telegraph stamps
Calimno: Calino
Calino, Calimno: island in the Dodecanese Island, Aegean Sea, between Greece and Turkey; 16th century-post: under Turkish rule, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint / surcharge “Calimno” on stamps of Italy, 1916: used Italian stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: Aegean islands’ general issues, 1930,1932: sets overprinted with island’s name, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, 1945, July 4: British Post offices opened as Calymnos, stamps of Britain overprinted “M.E.F.” (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947, Mar. 31: British post offices closed; stamps of Greece overprinted “S.D.D.” (Dodecanese Military Occupation), 1947, July: stamps of Greece used; name changed to Kalimnos; M.E.F.; S.D.D
Caliphate of Soma: bogus, Artistamp, private label producer
Calla: caused by overinking of “Callao” on stamps of Peru
Callao: Peru overprint on stamps of Chile for city of Callao, Chilean Occupation, 1879-82
Callaway, Kingdom of: bogus, ads overprinted on US stamps for a homecoming celebration
Callosa de Segura: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Calosc Pocztowa: (Pol.) postage stamp on cover; (postal) entire
Caluda, Territoires (Katibo): bogus South America issue, Evans, Donald
Calve Island: small island off the coast of Mull; Scotland bogus label, 1970s?
CAM: Contract Air Mail
Camaguey: Puerto Principe
Cambiamento: (It.) alteration
Cambio: (Sp.) 1: alteration, pocket change, exchange rate. 2: cancels refer to Foreign Section Sorting Offices; Estafeta de Cambio
Cambio de Color: (Sp.) change of color, variation
Cambodge: (Fr.) Cambodia
Cambodia: southeastern Asia, between Thailand, Vietnam and Laos, aka Kampuchea, Khmer Republic; Official name of postal administration: Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications Currency: 100 cents = 1 piaster, 100 sen = 1 riel (1955) 1863, Aug.11: French protectorate, 1887: incorporated into Union of Indo-China, used stamps of Indo-China, 1936, Nov. 20: stamps of Indo-China inscribed “Cambodge,” 1941: constitutional monarchy established, 1944, Mar.: king proclaimed independence, Kingdom of Cambodia, 1945: French rule restored, 1946, Jan.7: became autonomous kingdom within French Union, 1951, Nov.3: No.1, 10 cent dark blue-green, first stamps after independence, became a member of the French Union, stamps inscribed “Royaume du Cambodge,” 1951, Dec. 21: joined the UPU, 1952, Oct. 20: first semipostal stamp issued, 1953, Apr. 16: first air mail stamp issued, 1953, Nov. 9: independence from France, 1954, Dec.1: overprint “International Commission Cambodia” on stamps of India, 1955, Sep. 25: left French Union to become fully independent, 1957: first postage due stamp issued, 1970, Oct. 9: Khmer Republic proclaimed, 1971, Mar.18: “Republique Khmere” inscribed on stamps, 1975, Apr.: Khmer Republic name changed to Democratic Kampuchea, 1979: name changed to People’s Republic of (Democratic) Kampuchea (Republique Populaire du Kampuchea), 1989: inscription on stamps “Etat du Cambodge,” State of Cambodia, 1993: Kingdom of Cambodia; UN sponsored elections, stamps inscribed “Royaume du Cambodge.”
Cambogia: (It.) Cambodia
Cambrian Railway: Wales local post
Cambridge: local posts, United Kingdom; training stamps for practice instruction on how to properly address, frank and post a letter. 1: Queens’ College, 1883. 2: Saint John’s College, 1883-85. 3: Selwyn College, 1882;
Cambridge Emergency P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Cambridgeport Express Co.: parcel firm serviced Cambridgeport and Boston, Mass
Camden Emergency P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Camden, S.C. Paid 5, 10: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Camel Postman: Sudan stamp design, 1897 to 1940
Camels: 1: carried official dispatches between Army posts in US 1853-56, no markings known. 2: used to carry mail throughout North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia
Cameo Head: 1: round or oval portrait used as part of a stamp’s design. 2: resembles cameo jewelry; reverse of ivory head, latter is a whitish head on a blued paper background, former shows a bluish head on a more of less whitish paper background; cause of this reverse effect is unknown. 3: early watermark variety on some Great Britain and Colonies blue-paper issues
Cameo Private P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Cameos of The Gambia: June 1880; cameo art at its best; cameos featuring Queen Victoria
Cameroons: western Africa, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria; Official name of Postal Administration: Ministère des Postes et Tèlècommunications Currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark, 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1882, Aug. 10: German Protectorate, Reichs Post office authorized “Postal Steamer;” used stamps of Germany, 1887, Feb. 1: used stamps of Germany at Duala with “Kamerun” cancel, 1897-pre: stamps of standard German designs overprinted “Kamerun,” 1900: No.1, 3 pfennige yellow-brown, “Kamerun” inscription on standard German Colonial design stamps, called forerunner usage, 1900, Nov.: “Kaiser’s” yacht S.M.S. Hohenzollern design series, 1914, Aug.14 -16: captured by Allied forces, 1915, July: Britain surcharge C.E.F. (Cameroons Expeditionary Force) on stamps of Germany, 1915, Nov.10: overprint, “Corps Expéditionnaire Franco-Anglais Cameroun,” on stamps of Gabon whose inscriptions read “Congo Français” and “Afrique Equatoriale,” 1916, May: overprint “Occupation Française du Cameroun” on stamps of French Congo and Middle Congo, 1916, May: overprint “Cameroun Occupation Française” on stamps of Moyen (Middle) Congo, 1920-pre: stamps of Nigeria used in British Cameroons, 1920s: mourning label, yacht and flag design, issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1921: overprint “Cameroun” on stamps of Middle Congo, 1922: mandated to Britain and France by League of Nations, stamps of Nigeria used in British section, 1925: first definitive design without overprint, first postage due stamp issued, 1938: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940: stamps of Cameroun overprinted “Cameroun Français 27.8.40” to note Cameroon’s affiliation with DeGaulle’s “Free France” movement, 1941: stamps inscribed “Cameroun” issued by the Vichy government but not sold in Cameroun, 1942: first air mail stamp issued, 1945: British area divided into Northern and Southern Cameroons, 1946: French Cameroons became trust territory, 1960, Jan.1: French area became independent State of Cameroun, stamps inscribed “Etat du Cameroun,” 1960, July 26: joined the UPU, 1960: Northern Cameroons, British area, became part of Nigeria, 1960, Oct. 1: Southern Cameroons overprint on stamps of Nigeria “Cameroons U.K.T.T” (United Kingdom Trust Territory), 1961, Oct. 1: UKTT area and former French Cameroons merged and joined the Cameroun Republic by plebiscite, bilingual inscription “Republique Uni du Cameroun / Republic of Cameroon,” 1963, July 1: first military stamp issued, 1972, May 20: Republic Day, became United Republic of Cameroon, first stamps July 20, 1972
Cameroons, Southern: Cameroons
Cameroun: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of French Congo (1921), Middle Congo (1916) or Gabon (1915); Cameroons
Camoscio: (It.) buff (color)
Campaign Cover: postal item mailed by military personnel on active service in wartime, normally marked with endorsements such as “On Active Service” etc
Campamento M.U.: (Sp.) Milicias Universitarias, camps for national servicemen from universities
Campaña: (Sp.) military campaign; Estafeta de Campaña
Campaña Contra el Cancer: (Sp.) surcharge on stamps of Ecuador for International Union for Control of Cancer, obligatory on all mail from Nov. 23-30, 1938
Campaña Contra el Paludismo: (Sp.) campaign against malaria inscription on postal tax labels, Mexico; 1939
Campanile San Marco: (It.) fund raising label for reconstruction of bell tower in Piazza San Marco, Venice, Italy
Campbell, Duncan and John: organized first postal network in America, for mail to and from Boston to New York, 1693
Campbell Island: New Zealand civil aviation meteorological station, has own post office, 1941
Campbell Paterson Catalogue: principal New Zealand stamp catalog
Campdevanol: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Camp Dewey: label for Junior Naval Reserves, Camp Dewey, CT, about 1910
Campeche: provisional issues; 1856-1883: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1876: No.1, 5 centavos gray-blue and blue, 1876: issued stamps for expulsion of Emperor Maximilian
Campillo(s): city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Campionaria di Tripoli: with “Poste Italiane,” Tripolitania, on stamps of Libya, 1934
Campione d’Italia : local post, Italian enclave within borders of Switzerland; 1944, May 20: issued its own stamps for local post mail and mail to Switzerland, inscribed “R.R. Poste Italiane / Comune de Campione,” 1944, May 31: stamps of Italy used, 1944, Sep.7: Swiss stamps issued, 1952: Swiss and Italian stamps used depending on what route the mail is to take
Campion, J.W & Co.: inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Campo de Concentracion de Prisioneros de Guerra: (Sp.) prisoner of war camp
Camprodon: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Camvisdar: Indian States term for native revenue officer
CAN: international postal code for Canada
Canaa: labels issued in British island for a society project
Canada: Northern North America, north of the United States; Official name of postal administration: Canada Post Corporation Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1859) 1763-pre: under French rule, transferred to Britain in 1763, 1763: British North American postal services used, 1784: Canada had its own postmaster general, 1792: Canada-US Postal Convention; postal agreement for transportation of mail from Canada to Great Britain via New York, 1851, Apr. 23: No.1, 3 pence red, first stamps as the Province of Canada, first cancellations were a numeral with four concentric rings; 1858: used two concentric rings as postmark, 1867, July 1: Dominion of Canada formed with provinces of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, 1871: British Columbia and Vancouver Island became a province of Dominion of Canada, 1873: Prince Edward Island became province of Dominion of Canada, 1875: first registration stamp, 1878, Mar.: first stamp valid throughout Canadian Confederation and new provinces, 1878, July 1: joined the UPU with New Territories, 1898: first special delivery stamp, 1906: first postage due stamp issued, 1915, Mar.15: first war tax stamp, 1928, Sep. 21: first air mail stamp issued, 1942: first air mail special delivery stamp, 1949, Apr.1: Newfoundland joined Canada, used Canadian stamps, 1949: first official, air mail official stamps issued, 1950: first special delivery official stamp issued, 1974, Apr.17: first semipostal stamp issued, 1979: postal code stamp issued; Canadian Provinces of British Columbia, Vancouver Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island
Canada: Upbeat Goose 7¢; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001
Canada; American Revolutionary Army: occupied Montreal from Nov. 13, 1775 to June 1776, setting up an American Post 0ffice
Canada Official: first day covers produced by the Canadian postal administration
Canada Postal Strike Label: local post, spoof labels, 1978, 1981
Canadiana: a postal item related to Canada, issued by a postage issuing authority other than Canada Post; Canada named on the stamp of another nation
Canadian Airways Ltd.: semiofficial air mail local post, about 50 stamps were used by various private air services to frank mail, 1918-32
Canadian Army Postal Corp: formed in 1911 to deliver mail to Canadian armed forces
Canadian Bank Note Company: formed on Nov. 30, 1922, formerly the American Bank Note Company of Canada, produced most of the Canadian stamps
Canadian Express Co.: regional private mail and parcel firm serviced eastern US and Canadian towns near the border; used corner card and labels; 1865-1921
Canadian Forces Postal Unit (CFPU): established in 1971 in Belleville, Ontario as a regulating center for all military mail; receives all inbound and outbound mail addressed to CFPOs around the world; Canadian Forces Post Office
Canadian Forces Post Office (CFPO): receives mail in various armed forces operational theaters for sorting and forwarding to the troops
Canadian Map Stamp: used three-color printing and map of the British Empire, issued Dec. 7, 1898
Canadian National Express Co.: private parcel delivery firm serviced all of Canada, 1920s
Canadian Republic: a provisional government formed by Louis Riel in Canada’s Red River district; Riel’s portrait appeared on a presumed essay, 1869
Canadian Transfer Co. Limited: private parcel delivery firm that serviced Toronto, 1900s
Canadisk: (Dan.) Canadian
Canal Boat Mail: 1: initiated in 1691 on the Canal du Midi, France. 2: Act of Congress, permitted carrying mail on canals, 1836
Canal Maritime de Suez: Suez Canal local post stamps, 1868
Canal Zone: Central America, zone extends about five miles on either side of Panama Canal; Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 centesimos = 1 balboa, 100 cents = 1 dollar 1904-79: name of Panama Canal when controlled by the US, 1904, June 24: No.1, 2 centavos rose, Canal Zone overprint on stamps of Panama, 1914, Mar.: first postage due stamp issued, 1924: stamps of US overprinted, 1928: Canal Zone stamps issued, 1929: first air mail stamp issued, 1941: first official, air mail official stamps issued, 1979, Sep. 30: US Canal Zone Postal Service stopped operation, 1979, Oct. 1: Panamanian Postal Service took over postal operations, 1999, Dec. 31: Canal transferred to Panama
Canarias: Canary Islands, Spanish Civil War, local post overprint, Republican forces, 1936-37
Canaro: overprint for Fiume, Italian occupation of Arbe and Veglia
Canary Islands: off coast of Morocco; 1854: used stamps of Spain, 1936, Oct. 27: first stamps issued for use via Lufthansa, 1936, Oct. 27: air mail stamps overprinted for Lufthansa service to Brazil, Spain
Canc: abbreviation for canceled
Canc?: auction term for suspicious cancel
Cancel: 1: defacement of a stamp to prevent its reuse. 2: marks indicating date, rate, route, or place of mailing
Cancelación: (Sp.) cancellation; mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; usually indicates location and date
Cancelación Falsa: (Sp.) forged cancel
Cancelado: (Port., Sp.) canceled
Cancelado a la Orden: (Sp.) Canceled to Order
Cancelado a Pluma: (Sp.) pen-canceled
Cancelamento: (Port.) cancellation; mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; usually indicates location and date
Canceled: 1: mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; often indicates location and date. 2: hand-stamp in a barred oval on miscellaneous stamps cut from printer’s waste and supplied to members of Rowland Hill’s family in 1861 without authority of postal officials by Perkins Bacon & Co. 3: legitimate cancels supplied by Perkins Bacon to Chile, late 1850s. 4: overprint on stamps of Jamaica used as printer’s samples. 5: cancellation applied by Greyhound Bus Co. for a privately carried letter that was to be placed in recipient’s mail box, 1960. 6: British Colonial overprint for Specimen purposes
Canceled Flight: marking on covers for a planned flight which was not made due to weather, aircraft problem or other reason; a canceled flight cover is a non-flown cover
Canceled to Order (CTO): stamps canceled by postal authorities without having been used for postage; they are less desirable than stamps which have seen postal duty
Cancellation: mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; often indicates location and date; can be a pen mark, perforations or manuscript, bars, or holes punched in stamps, and pieces torn out of Afghanistan stamps
Cancellation, Advertisement: obliterations which incorporate an advertisement of some place or product
Cancellation, Bar: 1: cancels that consist of a series of bars, or straight lines. 2: a precancel device in Canada and the US 3: remainders in some countries. 4: telegraph fee paid, Belgium
Cancellation, Cartwheel: number in center, circular format, used in several nations
Cancellation, Cut: device that makes a cut through revenue stamps to prevent reuse
Cancellation, Cogwheel: resembles a gear or cogwheel; early issues of Bavaria, 1850-69
Cancellation, Dated Manuscript: a hand written containing the date
Cancellation, Dumb: obliteration device with series of dots, bars that contains no information, also known as mute cancellation
Cancellation, Duplex: combination of a circular date stamp with an obliteration device
Cancellation, Fancy: decorative and slogan commemorative cancels, usually refers to 19th century homemade US and Canadian obliterating devices
Cancellation, Favor: occurs when a stamp is canceled in a specific manner as requested by the mailer, that may or not be in keeping with postal regulations
Cancellation, Flag: circular date stamp postal marking with a stylized flag as the obliterator
Cancellation, Hand: postal cancellation with a hand held device on a stamp or postal stationery indicium
Cancellation, Hole: stamp cancel by a hole punch, indicates revenue or telegraphic usage
Cancellation, Killer: cancel that shows no place, date or time of mailing
Cancellation, Machine: cancel applied by mechanical means indicating date and location of the cancellation and prevents the stamp from being reused
Cancellation, Maltese Cross: first adhesive postage stamp cancel illustrating this cross was a British device; 30 different examples are recorded during period of use;1840-1844
Cancellation, Manuscript: a hand written, or pen cancellation
Cancellation, Mechanised, Earliest: Pearson Hill, son of Rowland Hill, devised a machine operated by steam with a dated double impression inside sets of vertical lines, 1857
Cancellation, Mute: obliteration device with series of dots or bars that contains no information, also known as a mute cancellation
Cancellation, Naval: postmarks from military ships
Cancellation, Numeral: a cancellation which includes a number identifying a specific post office, first used by the British Post Office in 1844
Cancellation, Pen: postally used stamp canceled by pen marks
Cancellation, Postmark: term for marks applied by postal authorities which indicate any or all of the following: date, rate, route, or place of mailing
Cancellation, Precanceled: cancellation, as a convenience to customers, applied to stamps by the post office prior to sale,
Cancellation, Roller: cancel is applied by rolling a device across the stamp, usually used on oversize pieces of mail
Cancellation, Slogan: a circular date stamp cancel combined with a brief message
Cancellation, Socked-on-the-Nose (SON, SOTN): a good impression of a circular cancel that is applied dead center on the stamp
Cancellation, Spoon: duplex cancel used in England and Wales; named from the oval shape of the duplex portion
Cancellation, Squared Circle: circular date stamp with an arrangement of lines or bars outside the circle which makes the entire cancel square
Cancellation, Straight Line: refers to crayon cancels applied to remaindered stamps taken off sale by a postal administration and sold at a discount
Cancellation, Target: series of rings as depicted in a target
Cancellation, Telegraph: obliteration or holes denoting use on a telegraph form
Cancellation, Typographic: 1869, Jan.-May 31, 1908: French newspapers, to be mailed. had to have stamps affixed in top right-hand corner, canceled by being overprinted by at least four lines of type
Cancelling Machine: mail processing machine that cancels a postage stamp and postmarks mail; first successful high-speed device made by Albert Hoster, Germany, 1882-83
Cancel, Official: official USPS postmark at First Day of Issue site
Cancol Ltd.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
CANCONCYP: Canadian Contingent Cyprus
Candareen: unit of currency used in Shanghai
Candarin: unit of currency used in China
C.& CO.: Colgate & Co., US cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1914-15
Candia: district of Heraklion, now part of Greece; Crete
Canea: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Office in Crete; also known as La Canea
CANEJ: Committee on the Accreditation of National Exhibitions and Judges, APS
Canela: (Sp.) cinnamon (color)
Canet de Mar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Canet la Real: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Cangas de Onis: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Canillas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Canillas de Aceituno: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Canillas de Albauda: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Canjayar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican, 1937
Canna: bogus local post, an island off the west coast of Scotland; issued by island owner John Lorn Campbell as a charity label in 1958
Cannelé: (Fr.) ribbed
Cannella: (It.) cinnamon (color)
Cannelle: (Fr.) cinnamon (color)
Cannelles, Regie des: (Fr.) cinnamon monopoly; French Colony revenue inscription
Canney & Co’s Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. and New Hampshire; label, 1850
Cannon & Co.: US inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Cannon Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Cañonero: (Sp.) gunboat, found on naval markings, Spanish Civil War; 1936-37
Canouan Island: St. Vincent Grenadines
Canterbury Courier Serv.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Cantidades Emitidas: (Sp.) number (of stamps) issued
Cantinas: (Sp.) canteens, buffets, used on Spanish Civil War local post tax stamps, 1936-37
Canton: Chinese treaty port; 1844-1922: British Post Office used stamps of Hong Kong, 1856: occupied by French and British forces, 1886-98: used stamps of Germany, 1900, Jan.1-1917, Mar.17: German post offices in China, 1901, June 15: “Canton” overprint on stamps of Indo-China, French Offices in China, 1949, Oct.: occupied by Communist armies.
Cantonal Stamps: Switzerland Canton issues of Zurich (1843), Geneva (1843), and Basel (1845), before the release of Swiss Confederation issues in 1845
Cantonal Taxe: with numeral 6, inscription on Zurich issue, denoting rate within entire canton
Canton Island: postmark originally created by collectors for island located halfway between Hawaii and New Caledonia in the central Pacific Ocean; American post office established July 15, 1940, British and American cancels exist, now part of Kiribati
Cantonment: India States term for military station
Canton, Miss. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Cap: slang for maximum commission an auction agent invoices a client for representation at a public auction
CAP: Codice di Avviamento Postale (It.) postal code with five numbers, 1967
Capacua: Bolivia, bogus stamp by Moens of Belgium, for a mythical state with the capital of Santa Teresa as an April Fool’s prank, 1883
Cap de Bonne Espérance: (Fr.) Cape of Good Hope
Cape Breton Island: Sydney, Canadian province of Nova Scotia, post office opened, 1801
Cape Canaveral, Fla.: formerly named Cape Kennedy
Cape Cod Express Co.: local express firm serviced Boston to Cape Cod, Mass.; label, 1879
Cape Jubi: overprint on stamps of Rio de Oro, Cape Juby
Cape Juby: Northwest coast of Africa in Spanish Sahara; Currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1916: No.1, 5 centimos on 4 pesetas rose, stamps of Rio de Oro overprinted and surcharged for Spanish troops, 1916-19: stamps of Rio de Oro and Spanish Morocco used, 1919, Jan.-48: “Cabo Juby” overprints on stamps of Spain, first special delivery stamp, 1926: first semipostal, first semipostal special delivery stamps; semipostal stamps of Spain overprinted “Cabo-Juby,” 1934: “Cabo Juby” overprint on stamps of Spanish Morocco, 1938, June 1: first air mail stamp, air mail stamps of Spanish Morocco overprinted “Cabo Juby,” 1976: divided between Morocco and Mauritania, Mauritania turned its portion to Morocco, referred to as Western Sahara
Cape Kennedy: private local post, now known as Cape Canaveral, 1960s
Cape of Good Hope: southern part of South Africa; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling 1791, Sep. 28: Dutch postal system established in Cape Town, 1817: “Paid” handstamps introduced, 1853, Sep. 1: No.1, 1 penny red, first stamps issued in triangular shape, 1873: Griqualand West; formerly part of Cape of Good Hope, declared a British Crown Colony, 1880: West and Griqualand East annexed to Cape of Good Hope Colony, 1883: traveling post offices introduced, 1889, Nov.: provisionals issued during Boer occupation, stamps of Cape of Good Hope surcharged “Z.A.R.” Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek, South African Republic, 1900, Mar. 24: stamps of Cape of Good Hope surcharged “Mafeking Beseiged,” 1900: stamps of Transvaal handstamped “V.R. Special Post” under British occupation, 1910: Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony and Transvaal formed as Union of South Africa; Griqualand West
Cape Province: formerly Cape of Good Hope Colony
Cape Triangles: first triangular shaped stamps of Cape of Good Hope, issued 1853, so that postal clerks, many of whom were illiterate, could tell the colony’s outgoing mail from mail being delivered to the Cape
Cape Verde: Western Africa, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal; Official name of Postal Administration: Correios de Cabo Verde Currency: 1,000 reis = 1 micreis, 100 centavos = 1 escudo (1913) 15th century: colonized by the Portuguese, 1877, Jan. 1: No. 1, 5 reis black, first stamps of Portuguese colonial type, 1893: first newspaper stamp issued, 1904: first postage due stamp issued, 1925: first postal tax, postal tax due stamps issued, 1938, July 26: first air mail stamp issued, 1975, June 11: named a Portuguese overseas province, 1975, July 5: became independent, with ties to Guinea-Bissau, 1975, Dec. 19: issued own stamps as independent nation, 1976, Sept. 30: joined the UPU
CAPEX: CAnadian Philatelic EXhibition, beginning in 1951 and continuing in 1978, 1987 and 1996
Capicua: (Sp.) tête-bêche; pair of stamps where one is upside down compared to the other
Capital: (Sp.) Spain considers this as the capital city or town of a province or region, not the capital of the nation
Capital Case Type: large letters as distinct from lower case, or smaller letters
Cap Juby: (Fr.) Cape Juby
CAPO: Canadian Army Post Office
Capo Juby: (Sp.) Cape Juby
Capo Verde: (Sp.) Cape Verde
Capovolto: (It.) inverted
Cappadocia: ancient region of Asia Minor, now part of Turkey; cuneiform tablets found dating to 3000 BC, Cuneiform
Capped Liberty Card: U.S. penny postal card where Liberty figure is wearing a cap, 1875-81
Capped Numerals: flaws looking like caps on top of the figure “2” on the US 2c Washington issue of 1890-3; also known as Cap Variety
Captain’s Cover: cachet created by the Commanding Officer of a spaceflight recovery ship
Captions: all inscriptions featured on a stamp
Cap Vert: (Fr.) Cape Verde Islands
CAR: 1: Central African Republic. 2: Città aperta Roma (It.), Rome open city, overprint on Italian imperial series, may be bogus
Caracas and Petare: local post, Venezuela, 1870s
Caractchaevo: bogus Russian issue
Caractères (d’Imprimerie): (Fr., Port.) types
Caramiziu: (Rom.) brick-red (color)
Caratteri: (It.) types
Caravaca: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Carawak: bogus British Colonial royal wedding frames from book, Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers
Carbon Tetrachloride: fluid marketed to stamp collectors as a watermark fluid; stopped in late 1960s after its use was connected to cancer
Carbon Tissue: material used to transfer the design of a stamp to a printing cylinder
Carcagente: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Carchi: 1932 overprint on stamp of Italy, Aegean Islands; Calchi
Cardboard Paper: soft surface paper, known as “Bristol Board,” used for proof impressions
Cardboard Proof: printed on card from US plates in regular colors and distributed in sets to officials in late 1800s; also done in other countries
Cardedeau: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Cardiff Penny: imperforate sheet of British penny red, Plate No.116, mistakenly issued to Cardiff Post Office, Jan. 1870
Cardinal Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Card Paper: a thick stiff paper made by pasting together a number of layers of paper
Carecer (de): (Sp.) to be without, to lack
Carelia: bogus, not valid for postage
Care of Mr. Waghorn: handstamp on overland mail between Great Britain and India, 1836
Caret Cancels: V-shaped cancellation used on US 1861-69 stamps and Bank Note issues
Cargill Pritchard: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Caribbean: term for West Indies islands; consists of the islands from the tip of Florida to South America, including Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Suriname and the West Indies islands: 1702-11: monthly private packet service under government contract, 1755: British government packet service started, 1820: prepaid postage required and “Crowned Circle” cancels used 1840: Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. handled all mail, 1858: prepayment to British destinations from England made compulsory, 1860, May 1: colonial stamps adopted in each colony, 1865: French firm “Compagnie Général Transatlantique” established postal packets
Caribisches Meer: (Ger.) Caribbean Sea
Caridad: (Sp.) charity
Carimbar: (Port.) to cancel
Carimbar de Favor: (Port.) canceled to order
Carimbo Especial: (Port.) special cancellation
Carimbo Manual: (Port.) handstamp
Carinthia: province of Austria; 1920, Sept. 16: stamps of Austria overprinted and surcharged “Kärnten Äbstimmung” for a plebiscite to determine whether people wanted to remain with Austria or become part of Yugoslavia; vote was in favor of Austria. 1920: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted and surcharged “KGCA” (Carinthian Governmental Commission, Zone A) for same plebiscite
Carinthie: (Fr.) Carinthia
Caritas: (Latin) charity; overprint / surcharge for charity stamps in Belgium, Denmark and Luxembourg (1914)
Carka and Caictu Islands: bogus British Colonial royal wedding frames from book, Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers
Carlist, Carlistas: (Sp.) stamps of Spain authorized by Don Carlos of Spain in 1873-87
Carlist Kingdom: (Sp.) nickname for stamps authorized by Don Carlos of Spain during civil war, French stamps on mail from provinces under Don Carlos rule, 1873-75
Carmesi: (Sp.) crimson (color)
Carmin: (Fr., Rom., Sp.) carmine (color)
Carmin-brun: (Rom.) carmine-brown (color)
Carmine Error: nickname for a US 5¢ stamp, normally printed in blue, mistakenly used on a plate of 2¢ stamps printed in carmine, creating a color error for the 5¢ stamp
Carmin-liliachiu: (Rom.) lilac-brown (color)
Carmino: (It.) carmine (color)
Carmin Vinoso: (Sp.) wine-red (color)
Carmona: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-38
Carmona, Antonio Oscar Carmona de Fragosa: President of Portugal; common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1970
Carn: labels issued in British island for a society project
Carnaro: part of Fiume, between Italy and Yugoslavia; 1920, Nov. 20: nickname for overprint on stamps of Fiume during occupation by Legionnaires of d’Annunzio; full overprint is “Reggenza / Italiana / del / Carnaro”
Carne: (Sp.) flesh (color)
Carnes’ City Letter Express: US local post, San Francisco, CA., used stamps, 1864
Carnes’ Express: phantom US local post, S. Allan Taylor, San Francisco, CA, 1865-66
Carnet: (Fr.) booklet (of stamps)
Carnet à Choix: (Fr.) approvals, approval book
Carnet de Timbres: (Fr.) stamp booklet that contains one or more panes of stamps
Carn Iar: bogus, uninhabited summer island with British local post carriage labels, prior to1962
Carnicino: (It.) flesh (color)
Carolina City, N.C. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Caroline Islands: 550 islands, west Pacific Ocean, east of Australia; Currency: 100 pfenning = 1 mark 1899-pre: under Spanish control since 1686, 1899: Germany bought islands from Spain, 1900: No.1, 3 pfennige dark brown, colonial stamps of Germany overprinted “Karolinen,” 1901, Jan.: No.1, 3 pfennige brown, Karolinen inscription, 1905, 1910: stamps bisected due to stamp shortage, 1914, Oct. 7: Japanese stamps used during occupation, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1947: administered by the US as part of the Pacific Islands Trusteeship, 1951: U.S. post offices established, U.S. stamps used.1981: western portion became Republic of Palau, 1983: Palau issued its own stamps, 1984: Micronesia issued its own stamps, 1986: balance of nation became the Federated States of Micronesia
Carolinerna: (Swed.) the Caroline Islands
Carolines: (Fr.) Caroline Islands
Carolinske øerne: (Dan.) the Caroline Islands
Cárpátalja: (Hung.) Carpatho-Ukraine, Karpát-Ukrajna
Carpathian Ruthenia: Celistvosti – Podkarpatská Rus
Carpatho-Ukraine: formerly province of Czechoslovakia, 1939, Mar.15: stamp issued for the Carpatho-Ukrainian Diet (governing body),1939, March 16: annexed by Hungary, 1945: reverted back to Czechoslovakia, 1949: annexed by the Soviet Union. Celistvosti – Podkarpatská Rus
Carpenter & Co’s Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Maine; used labels, 1848-53
Carpenter, Jos. A.: printer of 19th century revenue stamps
Carpenter’s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Sharon, Mass.; used labels
Carpeta: (Sp.) folder, portfolio, special albums for covers
Carratraca: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Carriacou & Petite Martinique: inscription on stamps of Grenada, June 18, 1999
Carriage Stamp: a stamp that pays for postage within a certain area only, includes privately produced issues as well as government issues; a regular postage stamp must be affixed to the cover if the letter is to be delivered outside the local area
Carried Space Cover: a cover that has been flown on a space vehicle during equipment testing or an actual mission
Carrier: an individual firm or private company that transports mail from one postal facility to another, USPS term
Carrier Backstamp: US postal marking of 1870-90 used in some large post offices to backstamp mail handled by carriers
Carrier Route: addresses served by a postal employee to deliver mail to customers, USPS term
Carrier-Route Presort: bulk mail presorted and bundled by carrier delivery route for discount postage rates, USPS term
Carriers: individuals or firms, hired by the post office, who charged a fee to take mail to the nearest post office, or to collect mail and deliver it to the addressee
Carriers and Locals Society: devoted to the collection and study of US carriers, locals, and expresses
Carrier Sequence Barcode Sorter: an automated machine that sorts mail for an individual carrier route, USPS term
Carrier Service: delivery of mail from the post office to an addressee for a fee; fee eliminated June 30, 1863 when free city delivery went into effect; regular postage only paid for mail delivery between post offices
Carriers, Motto: “Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds.” Herodotus
Carriers One Cent Dispatch: Baltimore, Md., Carriers’ Stamps
Carrier’s Stamp: S. Allan Taylor label
Carriers’ Stamps: 1842-60: stamps used for delivery of mail by private carrier from a post office to the addressee; or to a post office or to another address in the same city; when the postal service was first organized, letters were carried from post office to post office since there was no delivery to addressee, 1850-55: semi-official issues, 1851, Sept.: official issues; Carriers
Carrion de los Cespedes: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Carroll Postal Card: United States non-denominated postal card, value 14¢, 1985
Carr’s Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Bangor, Me; used circular labels;1851-52
Carry by Favor: inscription indicating that the mail was carried by private ships’ captains
Carta: (Sp.) letter
Carta Aérea: (Sp.) cover carried by air and postmarked at point of origin, departure or intermediate points on the route
Carta a Foto: (Sp.) special letter form, microfilmed airgraph, used by British forces during WWII
Carta Cecografica: (Sp.) letter for blind written in braille, can be sent post-free in Spain if an open envelope is used
Carta con Diseño Filatélico: (Sp.) cachet, a rubber stamp or printed impression on an envelope which describes the event for which the envelope was mailed; cachets are used for first days of issue, first flights, naval events, stamp exhibitions, etc
Carta con Fili di Seta: (It.) granite paper
Carta Costolata: (It.) ribbed paper
Carta del Primer Dia: (It.) first day cover
Carta Desinfectada: (Sp.) disinfected letter
Cartagena: 1: provisional during Civil War for city on Caribbean coast of Colombia, 1899. 2: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Carta Gessata: (It.) chalky paper; stamp paper with coating of chalk or clay on the surface
Cartajima: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Carta Liscia: (It.) wove paper
Cartama: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Carta Maxi: (It.) maximum card
Carta Patinata: (It.) glossy paper
Carta Sigillata: (Latin) stamped stationery, applied to legal documents in Sweden, 1823
Carta Sobreavion: (Sp.) air letter form
Cartas Postales Recortadas: (Sp.) cut-outs from printed stationery, Cut Square
Cartas Prefilatelicas: (Sp.) pre-stamp letters
Carta Tinto: (It.) tinted paper
Carta Unita: (It.) wove paper
Carta Vergata: (It.) laid paper
Carte: (Fr.) map
Carte Maximum: (Fr.) maximum card
Carte-maximum: (Hung.) maximum card
Carte Postale: (Fr.) postal card
Carte Postale Illustrée: (Fr.) picture postcard
Cartera: (Sp.) postman’s bag
Carter & Co. Express: local express serviced Boston, Bradford and Haverhill, Mass.; label
Carte-Réponse: (Fr.) postcard reply portion
Carteria: (Sp.) 1: main post office letter sorting area. 2: postal agency in small village which receives and sends letters from nearest post office or railway station
Carterias: (Sp.) postmark applied to mail at Carteria; Carteria
Cartero: (Sp.) postman
Carter’s, G. Despatch: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1849-51
Cartersville, Ga. Paid: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Cartes Maxi: (Fr.) abbreviation of French term for maximum cards
Cartilla Postal de Espana: inscription on the first Spanish franchise stamp; Franchise Stamps
Cartolina: (It.) postcard
Carton: thick, often soft type of paper; used in some copies of Chile 1878-99 issue, Denmark, 1884 issue, and some early Swiss issues
Carton comemorativ: (Rom.) commemorative card
Carto-Philately: study and collection of stamps depicting maps in their designs
Cartor: stamp security printer for many countries, name found imprinted on gutter labels
Cartouche: an oval or rectangular frame containing the name of the country or ruler
Cartridge Paper: name of paper used for making ammunition, thick, rough surfaced, used for Trinidad on bluish tint paper, 1853
Cartwheel Cancels: circular numeral types used by Spain 1858-64
Carúpano, Port of: port near Trinidad, Venezuela; 1902, Nov.-1903: local post stamps printed when a blockade depleted the supply of stamps
Cary, John: made a survey in 1798, “Distance of English and Welsh Towns” from London, along all the principal roads in the country resulting in mileage stamps in 1801
Casabermeja: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Casablanca: 1: British postal agency opened Jan. 1, 1887, closed Aug. 14, 1937. 2: also known as Dar el Beida, Morocco
Casa da Moeda with Star: watermark on stamps of Brazil
Casa de Correos: (Sp.) post office
Casa de la Moneda: (Sp.) Spanish Mint, printer of all Spanish stamps
Casarabonela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Casares: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
CASB: Crown Agents Stamp Bureau
CASC: Canadian Army Service Corps; RCASC
Case: 1: (Fr.) position in plate, sheet or setting. 2: equipment with separations into which clerks sort letters, parcels, USPS term
Casement Plate: Duty Plate
Cash: unit of currency used in China
Casilla: (Sp.) post office box
Casket: used in Victorian times for a small box intended to hold things of value, such as postage stamps
Caso: Dodecanese Sea, Aegean island, between Turkey and Greece; 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint “Caso” on stamps of Italy, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issue, 1930, 1932: two sets overprinted for island issued, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, 1945, May 21: British post offices opened, stamps of Britain overprinted “M.E.F.” (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece: M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1947: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece overprinted “S.D.D.” (Dodecanese Military Occupation); S.D.D., 1947, summer: stamps of Greece used.
Caspary, Alfred H.: (1878-1955) American collector who specialized in classic stamps of the world, auction catalogs with his material are used as reference works
Caspe: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Cassa de la Delva: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Cassos: Calchi
Castagna: (It.) rust (color)
Castalla: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Castaño: (Sp.) chestnut (color)
Castaño Oxidado: (Sp.) rust (color)
Castellar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Castellcir: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Castellet de Lobreget: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Castellorizo, Castelrosso: island in the Mediterranean Sea, east of Rhodes, near Greece; Currency: 20 centimes = 1 piaster, 100 centimes = 1 franc, 1915, Dec. 15: occupied by France, 1920, June 19: No.1, 1 centime gray, stamps of France overprinted “O.N.F. Castellorizo” (Occupation Navale Français), “B.N.F. Castellorizo” (Base Navale Français), “O.F. Castelrosso” (Occupation Français), 1920, Aug. 10: ceded to Italy, 1922, July 11: “Castelrosso” overprint on stamps of Italy, 1945: ceded to Greece, 1946, Aug. 21: British post offices opened, 1947, March 31: British post offices closed
Castelltersol: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Castelnau-Barnes Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Castelon de la Plana: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Castiglione d’Intelvi: (It.) city in Italy, local post, Italian Social Republic, 1945
Castillo: (Sp.) castle, thematic subject
Castle & Victoria Bridge Tramway Company: United Kingdom postal strike; locals, 1971
Castlemore: bogus, fantasy stamp from Ireland
Castuera: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Casuta postala: (Rom.) post office box
Cat: auction firm abbreviation for catalog value
Catalanistas: (Sp.) propaganda labels issued by Catalan separatists promoting campaign for autonomy, 1899
Catalog(ue): priced listing of philatelic material, or auction catalog, usually in country alphabetical order
Catalog(ue) Number: number assigned by a catalog publisher to each individual stamp
Catalog(ue) Value: the price established by a recognized postage stamp catalog for a stamp is known as the catalog value of the stamp; used as a guide for retail or wholesale prices
Catálogo: (It., Port.) catalog
Catalogo d’Asta: (It.) auction catalog
Catálogo de Subasta: (Sp.) auction catalog
Catalogo Unificado: (Sp.) stamp catalog produced by a consortium of Spanish stamp dealers
Catalogue d’Encan: (Fr.) auction catalog
Catalogue du Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) first stamp catalog, issued y Alfred Potiquet, December 21, 1861
Catalogului: (Rom.) catalog
Cataluna, Catalonia: province in Spain, used Spanish Carlist stamps in 1874
Catapulte: (Fr.) Catapult Mail
Catapult Mail: “Ship to Shore” mail carried by light aircraft catapulted from the deck of ships about 600 miles from land to save hours of docking time, 1920s-30s, introduced by French postal authorities on Aug. 12, 1928
Catcher Post Offices: mail catchers and cranes used for exchange of mail between trains and railway post offices where trains do not stop at the station, 1873-1974
Caterson Brotz & Co.: playing card stamp inscription; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Cat Island: fantasy stamp from American Journal of Philately, 1890s
Cats: a mail service in Liege, Belgium in 1879, discontinued when cats refused to cooperate
Cat’s Eye: Brazilian stamps issued from 1854-61
Cattaro: part of Dalmatia during Austrian Empire, now mart of Montenegro; 1941-43: occupied by Italy, 1943-45: occupied by Germany, 1944: stamps of Italy and Yugoslavia overprinted by German occupation forces; also known as Kotor
Cauca: Department of Colombia; issued provincial post stamps 1879-90, inscribed “no hay estampillas” (No Stamp Available) and “Manuel e Jimenez” are considered receipt labels
Caudete: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Caury: unit of currency used in Republic of Guinea
Cavalla(e): now port in Greece on Aegean Sea, known as Kavalla; 1874, Jan.: French post office opened; stamps used with “5156” cancel, 1893: No.1, 5 centimes green, overprint and inscription “Cavalle” on stamps of France, Offices in Turkish Empire, 1912: occupied by Bulgaria, from Turkey during First Balkan War, 1913: occupied by Greece, Greek overprint on stamps of Bulgaria, prior to stamps of Greece, 1914, Aug.: French post office closed
Cavalla: city in the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868, Interpostal Seals
Cavallini: (It.) Little Horsemen; 1818, Nov. 17-1820: tax stamps impressed on letter sheets used in the Kingdom of Sardinia; sum paid did not cover postage for delivery, but delivered without additional postage as a courtesy to sender
Cavan & Leitrim & Roscommon Light Railway: Ireland local post
Cavan & Leitrim Railway: Ireland local post
Cave: 1: Ceylon control overprint to prevent theft. 2: USPS postage stamp mail order center in Kansas City, Mo., located in former salt mines.
Caverly’s Express: local baggage firm service parts of Brooklyn and New York City, used a label, year unknown
Caxas: (Sp.) regional postal administrations established by Spain in Havana, Mexico City, Guatemala City, Buenos Aires and Lima for its colonies, 1764
Cayes of Belize: Belize offshore islands; 1984, May 30; No.1, 1c multi, first stamp, very little postal usage since Belize stamps used
Cayman Islands: islands in the Caribbean Sea, northwest of Jamaica; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1969) 18th century: British colony, 1863: administered by Jamaica, 1877, Apr.1: joined the UPU as an Overseas Territory of Great Britain, 1889, Apr.: used stamps of Jamaica, 1900, Nov.: No.1, 1/2 penny green, first stamps issued, 1917, Feb. 26: first war tax stamp issued, surcharged “War Stamp,” 1962, Nov. 28: became a Crown Colony
Cayman Islands: inscription, Rich People, David Horry unissued Great Britain cinderella, 2001
Caymanöarna: (Swed.) Cayman Islands
Cayman øerne: (Dan.) the Cayman Islands
Cazalla de la Sierra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37
Cazinska Krajina: rebel state of Bihac, Bosnia, local post overprint, 1993-95
Cazoria: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1936-37
CB: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air post semipostal stamps. 2: Cape Breton, when used in a postmark. 3: Correspondence Baloise (Fr.) pre-adhesive postmark for mail from Basel, Switzerland. 4: USPS term for convertible book, pane of stamps having a peel off strip that can be removed so as to fold the pane into booklet form. 5: Central Biçêtre (Fr.) Central Prison, 1792. 6: Cyons Brown, French cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1915-16
C.B.N.: Canadian Bank Note Co., printer of Canada’s Customs Duty stamps, etc
CBO: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air post semipostal official stamps
C. Bravos: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico during 1856-1883 for Ciudad Bravos
CBPO: Canadian Base Post Office
CBRS: Charles Brooke Raja Sarawak, letters in four corners on first stamps of Sarawak; Brooke made Rajah of Sarawak after he helped put down a rebellion in 1841
CC: 1: cut cancel. 2: corner card. 3: Crown Colonies watermark. 4: corner crease. 5: crash cover. 6: Correspondance Cantonale (Fr.) canton mail, known used in Belgium, 1847. 7: “Cs” surmounted by crown, Post Office of the King, Charles X,1825-30
C.C.B.: Charles C. Brumm, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer
CCC: Collectors Club of Chicago, founded 1928
CCCP: now Russia, Cyrillic inscription on stamps of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), Aug. 19, 1933, first usage
C.C.D.: Civil Censorship Department
C.Ch.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies for Cochin China
C.C.N.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies for Cochin China
CCNY: Collectors Club of New York
C.C.P.: 1: Collectors Club Philatelist (Journal of the CCNY), 2: abbreviation for chèque-postal, (Fr.) payment through postal checking account
CCPS: Christopher Columbus Philatelic Society
C.C.T.A.: Commission for Technical Cooperation in Africa, south of the Sahara
C.C.V.: Compagnia Corrieri Veneti (It.) Venetian Couriers Company, pre-adhesive postmark
CD: 1: Convict Department, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 2: correspondence locale distribution (Fr.) local letters posted at smaller ofices,1833-58
CDC: Continuous Die Cut
C. de B: Clyde V. DeBinder, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer E.: Correspondencia d’Espana (Sp.) Spanish correspondence
C. De Pesos: Philippines money unit; centimos in 1864; centavos in 1876
CDS, cds: Circular Date Stamp
CDLS: Canadian Defence Liason Staff
CDN: Canadian
CE: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail special delivery stamps. 2: Canada East, when used in a postmark
CEA: European Confederation of Agriculture
CECA: European Coal and Steel Community, seen on Europa stamps
Cech: (Czech.) Czech
Cechy: (Czech.) Bohemia
Cechy a Morava: inscription on stamps of Czechoslovakia, Bohemia and Morävia, 1939-44
Cecograma: (Sp.) letter for the blind written in Braille; Carta Cecografica
Cecoslovacchia: (It.) Czechoslovakia
Cedex: pre-sorting facility in France, offered to large French firms, usually as part of the address
Cedi: unit of currency used in Ghana
CEEA: European Community for Atomic Energy, seen on Europa stamps
C.E.F.: 1: Canadian Expeditionary Force, 2: Cameroons Expeditionary Force; Cameroon surcharge on stamps of German Cameroun, British Occupation, 1915. 3: overprint on stamps of India for China Expeditionary Force, first issue in Boxer Rebellion, 1900; China Expeditionary Force
Cefalonia: Cephalonia and Ithaca
C.E.F. Siberia: Canadian Expeditionary Forces, Siberia, 1918
CEH: European Time Table Conference
Ceh: (Rom.) Czech (adj.)
Cehoslovac: (Rom.) Czechoslovakian (adj.)
Celanova: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Celebes: Netherlands Indies
Celebrate the Century: series of ten US sheets of 15 stamps each issued between 1998 and 2000 each for a different decade of American events
Celebrity Covers: covers addressed to a famous person
Celestia: bogus issue for United Nations of Outer Space
Celina: (Czech.) postal card(s)
Celina Ústrední Sociální Pojistovny: (Czech.) postcard for ordering into the central social security system
Celiny: (Czech.) postal stationary entires
Celistvost(i): (Czech.) cover(s) and / or other postal history items
Celistvosti-Husita: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1920 “Hussite Priest” definitive issues
Celistvosti-Hradcany: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1918-1920 definitive series depicting the “Hradcany” castle in Prague
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII German concentration camps
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Auschwitz-Birkenau: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camps at Auschwitz in S Poland ca. 35 miles W of Kraków, and the nearby village of Birkenau
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Buchenwald: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Buchenwald, Thuringia province, central Germany near Weimar
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Ravensbrück: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Ravensbrück, Brandenburg province, in NE Germany N of Berlin
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Majdanek: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII Majdanek concentration camp near Lublin, ca 95 miles SE of Warsaw, Poland
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Stutthof: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Stutthof, in the area of Danzig
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Terezín : (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Terezín Bohemia. Operated as a model camp, the inmates were issued special stamps for the free franking of parcels; the stamps were forwarded to internee family and / or friends for free-franking use on parcels; parcels not franked with these stamps were not delivered
Celistvosti-Legionárské: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1919 regular semi-postal issues sold for the benefit of Legionnaires’ orphans
Celistvosti-Letecke: (Czech.) refers to airmail / flight covers, first flight covers, souvenir flight covers, and other aerophilatelic memorabilia
Celistvosti-Podkarpatská Rus: (Czech.) refers to the pre-20th century pre-adhesive folded-letters, envelope-letters and / or other postal history items emanating from the Russian occupation of the Carpatho-Ukraine, the area having been given several names during the various occupations periods The area includes the extreme W administrative division of the Ukraine; reorganized in post-WWII from territory ceded to the USSR by Czechoslovakia (1945)
Celistvosti-Polní Posta: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing military field post usage
Celistvosti-Posta Ceskoslovenska 1919: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the “Posta / Ceskoslovenska / 1919” overprints on Austrian stamps semi-postal issues
Celistvosti-Predznamkove Dopisy: (Czech.) refers to the pre-20th century pre- adhesive folded-letters, envelope-letters and / or other postal history items which may, or may not, include post office markings
Celistvosti-Protektorát Cechy a Moravia: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history originating with the postage stamp issues of 1939-1945 Bohemia and Moravia, Protektorát Cechy a Moravia
Celistvosti-Skautsé: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items From the 7 November 1918 10 H(eller) and 20 H local Czechoslovakian “Lion” stamps Issued with “Posta / Ceskych Skauta” and “ve Sluzbach / Narodny Vlady” inscriptions (“Czech Boy Scout Post / in National Government Service”)
Celistvosti-SO 1920: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items of the “SO / 1920” overprints on the 1918-1920 Czechoslovakia stamps issued for occupied Eastern Silesia. The territory was later divided between Czechoslovakia and Poland through the city of Teschen; Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Tesínko
Celistvosti-Sudety: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the 1938-1945 German occupation of the Sudetenland (q.v.)
Celistvosti-Zepelinová Posta: (Czech.) refers to Zeppelin mail covers
Cement: early stamps of Great Britain advised, “In wetting the back be careful not to remove the cement”; known today as the gum
CEN: Comite Européen de Normalisation (Fr.) European Standards Organization; has a committee on establishing postal standards (CEN TC 331) for all European nations; as of 2001, over 5,000 standar ds were available
Cenrage: (Fr.) centering
Censored by the I.R.A.: rubber stamp marking applied in Ireland, 1916-21
Censored Mail (mark): a cover with a hand-stamp, manuscript or label indicating that the contents have been opened, read and censored, handstamped markings were used during the Boer War, 1899-1902; special censored labels date from World War 1, handstamped marks were used in subsequent wars
Censorship: the examination of anything communicated to find and suppress language deemed to be objectionable on moral, political, military or other grounds
Censorship Dept.: Egyptian censor’s round stamp, WW II
Censura: (Sp.) censorship
Censurada: (Sp.) censored
Censura Gubernativa: (Sp.) government censor.
Censura Militar: (Sp.) military censor
Censurar (en) Destino: (Sp.) to be censored at destination
Censuré: (Fr.) censored, censorship, censor (mark)
Cenus: (Rom.) grey (color)
Census Marks: Dumb Cancellation
Cenusiu: (Rom.) ash-grey (color)
Cent: smallest unit of currency in many nations
Centaur Co.: US medicine stamp inscription; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Centenaire Algerie: (Fr.) inscription for centenary of Algeria
Centenaire du Gabon: (Fr.) centenary of Gabon
Centenario de Ciudad de Viña del Mar: (Sp.) 100 years of the city of Viña del Mar on semipostal stamp of Chile, 1974
Centenary International Philatelic Exhibition: CIPEX; international stamp show held in New York City, N.Y., 1947
Center: the stamp’s most prominent feature, whether a portrait, bust, or a numeral
Center Frame: the framework surrounding the center, usually forming a feature of the design
Centering: stamp design location on the piece of paper it is printed on; if the margins outside the design are exactly equal, it is called a “perfectly centered stamp.”
Center Inverted: a production error in which the center of the stamp is inverted with respect to the frame. In many cases, the error is actually the result of the frame bring printed incorrectly and the errors technically should be known as inverted frames
Center Lines: printing guidelines which divide a sheet of US stamps into four panes
Center Line Block: a block of stamps enclosing the crossing point of the vertical and horizontal guidelines; on early US issues, one of the most valuable blocks on a sheet of stamps, second only to the plate number blocks
Center Misplaced: usually the result of faulty registration during multi-color printing
Center Omitted: the error is so obvious that examples are considered as printer’s waste, however, some non-US stamps were actually issued with missing centers
Centerport: local post, US, New York
Centesimi: Italy currency overprint on stamps of Austria
Centesimi di Corona: surcharge on stamps of Italy, Italian Occupation of Austria (Dalmatia, Trentino and Venezia Giulia), 1921
Centimes: 1: Austria currency overprint, offices in Crete. 2: overprint on stamps of Germany, currency unit, offices in Turkey. 3: currency unit in many countries
Centimes à perçevoir: (Fr.) (plus numeral, no country name); Guadeloupe, France, French Colonies, postage due
Centimo: unit of currency used in many Spanish-language countries
Centimos: currency overprint on stamps of France and Germany, Offices in Morocco
Centrado: (Sp.) centered
Centrafricaine Republique: (Fr.) Central African Republic, Western Africa
Centrafricaine: (Fr.) Central African. Centrage: (Fr.) centering
Centraje: (Sp.) centered
Central African Federation: Federation of Northern / Southern Rhodesia, Nyasaland, 1953-63
Central African Republic: central Africa, north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; Official name of Postal Administration: Office National des Postes et de l’épargne Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1892: stamps of French Congo, 1907: stamps of Middle Congo, 1915: stamps of Middle Congo overprinted “Oubangui-Chari-Tchad” for Ubangi-Shari and Tchad, 1916: first semi-postal stamp, 1922, Nov.: overprint changed to “Oubangi-Chari” and Tchad, 1924: stamps of Chad, Gabon, Middle Congo and Ubangi-Shari overprinted “Afrique Equatorial Francaise,” 1928: first postage due as Ubangi-Shari, 1931: first commemorative as Ubangi-Shari, 1936, March: first issue of stamps of “Afrique Equatorial Francaise,” used on stamps of Gabon, 1958, Dec. 1: with independence, changed name to Central African Republic, 1959, Dec. 1: No.1, 15 francs multicolor, first stamps issued, 1960, Aug. 13: fully independent, 1960, Sept. 3: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, June 28: joined the UPU, 1962, Jan. 1: first military stamp issued, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1962, Oct. 15: first postage due stamp issued, 1964, Mar. 7: air mail semipostal stamp issued, 1965: first official stamp issued, 1976, Dec.4: changed name to Central African Empire, 1977: first official, air mail stamps issued as Empire, 1979, Sept. 20: became the Central African Republic again, 2003: new government established; Chad, Gabonaise Republique
Central Albania: 1914, Jan-1916: provisional regime, Austria took over in 1916; Epirus
Centrala Lithuaen: (Swed.) Central Lithuania
Central-litauen: (Dan., Nor.) Central Lithuania
Central America: consists of the land between Mexico and Colombia; consists of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama
Central American Steamship Co.: local post, West Indies, 1886
Centralamerika: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Central America
Central Annam: Viet Minh government, North Vietnam, 1950-52
Central China: 1949: central Chinese Liberation Area established; included the provinces of Honan (Aug. 1949), Hupeh (June 4, 1949), Hunan (1949), and Kiangsi (June 20, 1949); separate issues for the regions were issued
Central Express: railroad package express firm operated by the Central Railroad Company of New Jersey; used corner cards and labels; 1869-87.
Central-litauen: (Dan., Nor.) Central Lithuania
Centrala Lithuaen: (Swed.) Central Lithuania
Central Lithuania: area between Poland, Lithuania and Russia (Vilnius Republic) Currency: 100 fennigi = 1 markka 1915-pre: under Russian rule, 1915: stamps of Germany overprinted for Lithuania, 1918, Dec.: regular Lithuanian stamps used, 1919, Mar. 4: overprinted stamps of Russia, 1920, Oct. 9: occupied by Polish forces, issued own stamps, postage due stamp, 1921: No.1, 25 fennigi red, first semipostal stamp issued, 1922, Apr. 16: annexed to Poland, 1939, Oct.: occupied by Soviet forces, overprint on stamps of Lithuania “Vilnius 1939-X-10,” 1940, July 21: stamps of Lithuania overprinted “LTSR 21 VII 1940” Lietuvos Tarbu Socialistine Respublika; Lithuanian Socialist Soviet Republic, 1940, Aug.3: incorporated into the Soviet Union, used stamps of Russia; Russia, 1990: became independent
Central London L.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Central Litauen: (Dan.) Central Lithuania
Centralni Litva: (Czech.) Central Lithuania
Central Overland California & Pike’s Peak Express: private post firm operated between St. Joseph, Mo. and San Francisco, Calif., used labels, 1860
Central Post Office: US local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1856
Central States of Somali: bogus, no postal value
Central Taxis of Dover: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Central Tranvias: (Sp.) postmark for mail received from trams at Madrid central post office
Central Wales & Carmarthen Junction Railway: Wales local post
Centrar: (Sp.) centering
Centrato: (It.) centered
Centratura: (It.) centering
Centre(é): (British, Fr.) center
Centrerat: (Swed.) centered
Centro: (Sp., It.) center
Cents: 1: (with crown) Straits Settlements currency overprint on stamps of India. 2: overprint on stamps of Russia, offices in China
Centu: currency unit in Memel, 1923
Century of Progress: US stamps issued for the 1933 Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago
Cenzurirano: (Slovenian) censored
Cephalonia and Ithaca: Islands in the Ionian Sea off west coast of Greece; 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece by Italy with Italia / Occupazione Militare/Italiana isole / Cefalonia e Itaca, Italian Military Occupation of the Islands of Cephalonia and Ithaca, then general occupation issues, 1941: first postage due, air mail stamps issued, 1943: German occupation overprint used for eight days, 1943: stamps of Greece used; Ionian Islands, Italy
CEPT: Conference of European Postal and Telecommunications Administrations
Cerdanyola: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Cerdeña: (Sp.) Sardinia
Ceremony Program: card or folder detailing program at first day or stamp unveiling ceremony
Ceres: goddess of the harvest; 1849: illustrated on first stamps of France, 1856-78: depicted on the Argentine province of Corrientes, 1912: design used by Portugal
Ceres, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built for the Upper Danube Lines; used ship’s marking on mail, 1850s
Cereza: (Sp.) cerise (color)
Cerigo / Occupazione Militare Italiana: (It.) Italian Military Occupation of Cerigo; private overprint on stamps of Greece, Ionian Islands
CERN: (Fr.) Centra Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire, European Center for Nuclear Research
Cerná, Cerny: (Czech.) black (color) (adj.)
Cerna Hora: (Czech.) Montenegro
Cernauti: overprint on semipostal stamps of Romania for the occupation of Cernauti, Bucovina, Aug. 1941
Cerneala: (Rom.) ink
Cernofialová: (Czech.) black-violet, black-purple (color)
Cernohnedá: (Czech.) black-brown (color)
Cernosedá: (Czech.) black-violet, blackish-grey (color)
Cerrado y Selado: (Sp.) closed and sealed, Mexican registration label
Certificado: (Sp.) registered
Certificado de Autenticidad: (Sp.) certificate from a recognized authority certifying the genuineness of a philatelic item
Certificate: when issued by an acknowledged expert, or group of experts, it gives credence to the authenticity and condition of a stamp
Certificate of Authenticity: certificate from a recognized authority certifying the genuineness of a philatelic item
Certificate of Mailing: a receipt prepared by the mailer as proof of mailing, USPS term
Certified Mail: 1: US 15¢ stamp, June 6, 1955, first use of Certified Mail in world, not valid for postage. 2: called Recorded Delivery in Britain. 3: mail for which a receipt is given to the sender at time of mailing
Certifying Stamp: hand or rubber stamp applied to official mail to certify that it is on official business; used in Great Britain and some Commonwealth countries from the start of Penny Postage until 1983
Cervantes: nickname for official stamp issue of Spain, Apr. 22, 1916
Cerven: (Czech.) June
Cervenec: (Czech.) July
Cervená: (Czech.) red (color)
Cervenofialová: (Czech.) red-violet, red-purple (color)
Cervenohnedá: (Czech.) red-brown (color)
Cervenooranzová: (Czech.) red-orange (color)
Cerveny Kriz: (Czech.) Red Cross
Cervera: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Ceska Republika, Cesky: (Czech.) Czech Republic, Czech (adj.). Proclaimed in 1992, becoming effective in 1993
Ceská Socialistická Republika: (Czech.) Czech Socialist Republic. Post WWII government, with federal constitution adopted in 1968. New government formed in 1989; divided effective 1 January 1993 into the two separate countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Ceskoslovenska: (Czech.) overprint on stamps of Austria for Czechoslovakia, semipostals
Ceskoslovenska Interbrigády ve Spanelsku: (Czech.) refers to Czechoslovakian volunteer brigade postal history from the 1936-1939 Spanish Civil War
Ceskoslovenska polní posta-Anglii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian military forces in WWII-era Great Britain postal history
Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Slovensko: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Slovakia fieldpost postal history
Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Tesínko: (Czech.) (Ger. Teschen) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Tesínko (now Cesky Tesín) fieldpost postal history. Czechoslovakia and Poland disputed the territory, known as Eastern Silesia (q.v.), with portions being occupied in 1919 by the Czechs. The region was divided between the two nations by the 1920 Conference of Ambassadors, with the Czech section being ceded to Poland during the 1938 German-Czech crisis. After the 1920 division, the capital city of Teschen, divided by the Olsa River, was renamed, with the Czech city being Cesky Tesín, and the Polish city being Cieszyn; Celistvosti – SO 1920
Ceskoslovenska Republika: (Czech.) 1. Czechoslovakian Republic. 2. private overprint on stamps of Austria, Czechoslovakia
Cesko Slovenska (Statni) Posta: (Czech.) unofficial issue on stamps of Austria or Hungary
Ceskoslovenska Vojsko na Rusi: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Russia fieldpost postal history
Ceskoslovenska vojsko ve Francii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era France fieldpost postal history
Ceskoslovenska Vojsko v Itálii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Italy fieldpost postal history
Ceskoslovenske Armady Sibirske: (Czech.) Czech army post in Siberia
Ceskoslovenske Vojsko na Rusi: (Czech.) Czechoslovak Legion in Siberia, Dec. 1919
Ceskoslovensko, Ceskoslovensky: (Czech.) Czechoslovakia, Czechoslovakian (adj.). Republic formed in 1918 by Czechs and Slovaks from territories previously administered by the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Cesko Slovensky Stat: (Czech.) private overprint on stamps of Austria
Cesky: (Czech.) Czech
Ceskych Skautu: (Czech.) Czech Scouts inscription on Czechoslovakia issue in Oct. 1918; Boy Scouts distributed mail
C. est de N.: Cartas Estrangeiros de Navios (Port.) foreign ship letter,1835
Cestoda: British fantasy label
Ceuta: Spain
Ceylan: (Fr., Sp.) Ceylon
Ceylon: island in Indian Ocean, south of India, now Sri Lanka; Currency: 100 cents = 1 rupee (1872), 12 pence = 1 shilling 1795-post: ruled by Great Britain, 1802: made a Crown Colony by Great Britain, 1813: first handstamps, 1845: mail routed through India, 1857: No.1, 1 pence, blue, first stamp issued, 1869: first official stamp issued, 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1948, Feb. 4: Ceylon became independent within British Commonwealth, 1949, July 13: rejoined the UPU, 1956, May 10: first semipostal stamp, 1972, May 22: independent, named Republic of Sri Lanka
Ceylon: 1: inscription “the F-word” unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: inscription Tamil Tiger, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001
CF: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail registration stamps. 2: Communauté Française (Fr.) French community. 3: Canadian Flight covers. 4: Correspondance Française, Colonies Françaises (Fr.) French Correspondence; French Colonies
C.F.A.: 1: overprint on stamps of France for Colonies Françaises d’Afrique, currency in French African francs, 1945. 2: overprint on French issues for Reunion. 3: overprint on stamps of France for Communauté Financière Africaine (Fr.) Community of French Africa, 1960
C.F.A. Franc: (French African Community franc) unit of currency in Benin, Burkino Faso, Cameroun, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, New Caledonia, Niger Republic, Senegal, Togo
C.F.B.: Canadian Forces Base
C.F.C.: Compagnia Fedelissima dei Corrieri (It.) Company of Most Reliable Couriers, private courier organization, Venice, 1771-92
C.F.E.: Canadian Forces Europe
C.F.H.Q.: Canadian Forces Headquarters
C.F.M.: Charles F. Malloy, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer
C.F.P. Franc: (French Pacific Community franc) unit of currency used in French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis & Futuna
C.F.P.O.(S): Canadian Forces Post Office(s)
C.F.P.U.: Canadian Forces Postal Unit
C.F.R.N.A.: the French-owned Cie. Franco-Roumaine de Navigation Aérienne airline, which conducted several international pioneer first flights in the early 1920s
C.F.S.: Canadian Forces Station
C.G.H.: used in Cape of Good Hope, complicated parallel line design to prevent washing of stamp for reuse, 1853-63
C.G.H.S: Commission de Gouvernment Haute Silésie (Government of Upper Silesia) overprint on official stamps of Germany, for Upper Silesia, 1920-21
C.G.R.: Cape Government Railways; overprint on stamps for railway mail from Caledon, Cape Province, 1911-12
C Grill: grill used on US stamps in the 19th century
C.G.T.: “Compagnie Generale Transatlantique” General Transatlantic Company, a French packet company that brought mail to and from the Danish West Indies, etc
CH: 1: (followed by Oriental characters) Korea. 2: Colombla-SCADTA consular overprint for Chile. 3: (Fr.) abbreviation for “charnière(s)” hinge(s), hinged. 4: Court House, found in some early US postmarks. 5: House of Commons. 6: Correspondance Hollandaise (Fr.) Dutch, 1809. 7: surcharge on stamps of Iran, 1928. 8: international postal code for Switzerland.
Chabacano, Repoblik de: bogus labels for fictional republic in the Philippines, 1966
Chabas: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880-82, Interpostal Seals
Chachapoyas: overprint on stamps of Peru during war with Chile, 1884
Chad: Central Africa, south of Libya; Official name of Postal Administration: Société Tchadienne des Postes et de l’Épargne (STPE) Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1897-1914: occupied by France, used stamps of French Congo and Middle Congo, 1905-pre: military (free) franchise in effect, 1910: territories of Ubangi-Shari, Chad, Middle Congo and Gabon federated, but postal services remained separate, 1915: stamps of Middle Congo overprinted for use in Oubangui-Chari and Tchad, 1920, Mar.17: became separate French colony, 1922, Nov: “Tchad” overprint on stamps of Middle Congo, No.1, 1 centime red-violet, “Afrique Equatoriale Française” overprint added with Tchad, 1928: first postage due stamp issued, 1934: colonies of Chad, Gabon, Middle Congo and Ubangi-Shari grouped as French Equatorial Africa, 1936-59: used stamps of French Equatorial Africa, 1958, Nov. 28: inscription “Republique du Tchad” as independent state in the French Union, 1959, Nov. 28: first stamps issued as Republic of Chad, 1960, Aug. 11: independence from France, 1960, Dec. 15: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, June 23: joined the UPU, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1964, Mar. 9: first air mail semipostal stamp issued, 1965: first military stamp issued, 1966: first official stamp issued
Chad: little bit of paper punched out during perforating process
Chad to Rhine: march during World War II; common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1946
Chaferinas Islands: Spain
Chahar: province in North China Liberation Area, 1937
Chahi: unit of currency used in Persia (Iran)
Chain-Breakers: 1919 issues of Slovenia, man breaking chains in newfound freedom
Chainmail: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Chair: (Fr.) flesh (color)
Chakasia: bogus Russian local post overprint
Chala: town on southern coast of Peru; overprint on stamps of Peru, provisional issue, 1884
Chalco: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883
Chalcography: act of engraving a design on copper or brass for use as an intaglio printing plate
Chalka: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-80, Interpostal Seals
Chalki: Greece
Chalk Paper: stamp paper which has a coating of chalk or clay on the surface, introduced by De La Rue to prevent reuse of stamps after washing off cancel, 1902
Chalky Paper: whiter paper used on British stamps to improve their appearance, should not be soaked because design may deteriorate, April 1962
Chalmers, James: (1782-1853) unsuccessful British claimant as inventor of the postage stamp
Chalon Heads: Alfred Chalon’s coronation bust portrait of Queen Victoria appears on many British Dominions and Colonies issues
Chalons-sur-Marne: local post provisional, France, 1944
Chaluf-el-Taraba: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868, Interpostal Seals
Chamba: northern India Convention State; 1846: became independent of Kashmir, 1886: No.1, 1/2 anna green, first stamps with “Chamba State” overprint valid throughout India, 1886: first official stamp issued, 1950, Apr.1: Republic of India convention states stamps used, 1950, Dec. 31: convention states stamps no longer valid, 1951, Jan. 1: overprint on stamps of British India for use to any point in British India
Chambery: local post provisional, France, 1944
Chambon Press: web-fed press that uses continuous paper, with built-in perforating capability; used in Australia
Chameleon Paper: security paper with a pigmentation that changes with attempts to remove the cancellation
Chamois: (Fr.) buff (color)
Chamousset, Claude-Humbert Piarron de: established La Petite Poste, the small post, in Paris with 117 carriers and made deliveries three times a day, 1758
Champion of Champions (C of C): Grand Award winners from APS World Series (national) stamp shows are eligible to compete in the annual C of C competition
Championship Class: International Federation of Philately (FIP) exhibit category from any class of exhibiting, that received 95 or more points in any three separate years during previous ten years
Champions of Liberty: series of US stamps honoring foreign nationals who sought freedom in their homelands, 1950s-60s
Champion, Theodore: French dealer who specialized in rarities and had several monarchs as his client, 1873-1954
Champlain Press: used by J.W. Fergusson & Sons, a subcontractor for Stamp Venturers, prints using a layout of 13 rows of 33 stamps
Chan: catalogue of stamps of China
Chandawil: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1884, Interpostal Seals
Chandernagore: India
Changeling: an ink color change due to exposure to bright light, chemical fumes, heat or other causes; greens, reds, violets and yellows are especially prone to change
Chankianshih (Kwangchowwan): China
Channel Islands: south of Great Britain, east of France, British crown dependency comprised of Alderney, Brechou, Guernsey, Herm, Jersey, Jethou and Sark; 1840, May 8: first stamps, those of Great Britain, Maltese Cross cancellations used, 1840s: handstamps in France also used during this period, 1850: captains of private ships were paid to carry mail between France and islands, mail to be deposited in movable boxes, 1940, June 30: occupied by Germany, 1940, Dec. 27-Feb. 22, 1941: Guernsey stamps bisected and used due to stamp shortage, 1941, Apr. 1: Jersey local post issue, 1941, Apr. 7: Guernsey local post issue, 1945, May 10: islands back to Britain, local post stamps valid for one year, 1945-1969: Herm island owner issued local post stamps, 1947: fiscal stamps issued, 1948, Aug. 18: Channel Islands two stamp issue, with no inscription except denomination, marking third anniversary of liberation from German occupation, 1969, Oct. 1: Jersey and Guernsey issued their own stamps, British stamps not valid, 1983, June 14: Alderney issued own stamps
Channel Isles and Man: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Channel Isles, Mail to the: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Channel Mail Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Chantada: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Chapel Hill, N. C. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Chapman & Co. Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Marblehead, Mass., 1889
Chapters, APS: local philatelic clubs, independent in their own right, which are also official chapters of the American Philatelic Society (APS); Chicago Philatelic Society has been a chapter since Oct. 10, 1887; American Philatelic Society, APS
Chargé (e) (Lettre, Colis): (Fr.) registered (letter, package)
Charge Marks / Labels: manuscript, stamped black figures, or labels were used for unpaid letters to indicate amount to be paid by recipient, red figures were used for paid letters, pre-1840,
Chargement: (Fr.) registration, insurance
Charity Stamps / Stationery: non-postal validity labels resembling stamps sold by charity groups to raise funds, first used in 1860 for Garibaldi’s Sicilian campaign, may be considered a cinderella. Sold at more than the inscribed face value, with the difference between the face value and the selling price used for charity work; called semipostal stamps; Great Britain sold postal stationery in 1890 for a shilling with only 1d postage, balance going to a charity for postal widows and orphans
Charity Surcharge: overprint denoting an addition to the postage fee as a contribution to a charitable purpose
Charkhari: Central India Feudatory State; 1894: No.1, 1 anna green, first local post stamps, 1950, Apr. 30: separate stamps discontinued, 1950, May 1: replaced by stamps of the Republic of India
Charleroi-1911: overprint on stamps of Belgium for national anti-tuberculosis group
Charleston: 1: city in West Virginia, home of Carriers’ Stamp firms Honour’s, Martin’s, Steinmeyer’s and Beckman posts. 2: city in South Carolina, occupied by the British from May 12, 1780 until Dec. 14, 1782
Charleston, S.C. 5 cts, 10¢: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Charlottesville, Va. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Charnela: (Sp.) hinge, small piece of gummed glassine or parchment paper used by collectors for mounting stamps on album pages
Charnière: (Fr.) hinge, small piece of gummed glassine or parchment paper used by collectors for mounting stamps on album pages
Chartered: (Eng.) licensed
Chase & Co’s Express: local post serviced New York City; used a label, year unknown
Chase, A.W. Dr., Son & Co.: US medicine stamp inscription; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Chasquis: (Sp.) runners, who carried memorized verbal messages from one relay station to the next, employed by the Spanish in Peru, 1532
Chat: (Fr.) cat, thematic subject
Châtain: (Fr.) chestnut (color)
Chateau de Malmaison: (Fr.) label for Paris stamp exhibition, 1944
Chateau-Renault: local post provisional, France, 1944
Chatellerault: local post provisional, France, 1944
Chatham Islands: islands 500 miles east of Christchurch, New Zealand; 1970, Dec.: two stamps with Chatham islands inscription valid throughout New Zealand
Chatham Square Post Office: carrier service, independent of USPO, operated by Aaron Swarts, successor Benjamin Lockwood, 1847-56, 1856-59
Chattanooga, Ten. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Chauchina: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37
Chausey: Channel Island, has cachet, no postmark, no postal validity
Cheap Postage Association: formed in 1843 calling for postal reforms, called Friends of Cheap Postage; brought lower rates in 1845
Chechen Republic: autonomous territory within Russia; 1992: some local post stamps may have been used within area, 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels purporting to be stamps, not valid for postage, UPU report
Checiny: city in Poland issued local post stamps in 1919 authorized by municipal authorities
Check Letters: letters found in the corners of the early British stamps, 1840-1902, as a precaution against forgery and re-use
Checklist: list of stamps, usually compiled by a collector, of philatelic and thematic items that are needed
Check Stamp: a revenue stamp usually applied to checks, used as postage in British Central Africa in 1898
Checoslovaquia: (Sp.) Czechoslovakia
Cheever & Towle: US local post, Boston, Mass., 1849(?)
Chefoo: local post, China treaty port, 1893-97
Chekiang: province in the East China Liberation area, 1940
Cheltex P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Chelva: city in Spain, local post, Civil War, 1937
Chelyabinsk: city in Siberia, Russia; 1920-22: stamps of Russian overprinted for local post use by municipal authorities
Chembary: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1874-88, Zemstvo
Chemically Synthetic Gum: originally used for wood glues, binders, etc., found its way into postage stamps in the 1970s; curl is controllable, but it does not stick to paper as quickly as arabic gum
Chemical Reaction: change of color during printing process when a printing plate is wiped and chemically alters the color; result is considered printer’s waste
Chemin de Fer Electrique EB / Bruxelles á Tervueren: (Fr..) overprint for electric train between Brussels and Tervueren
Chemin du Roi: (Fr.) (King’s Way) relay stations for mail that offered lodging and changes of horse and carriage
Chemins de Fer: (Fr.) inscription / handstamp, Belgium railway parcel post stamps, issued May 1, 1879
Chemins de Fer de l’Etat Belge: (Fr.) Belgium state railway stamp
Chemins de fer / Spoorwegen: (Fr./Flem.) inscription on Belgium railway parcel post stamps
Chemnitz: local post, city in Germany, 1945-48
Cheney & Co’s Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass.; New Hampshire, Vermont and Montreal, Canada; used embossed and printed corner cards, labels; 1842-66
Cheney, Fiske & Co’s Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass.; New Hampshire, Vermont and Montreal, Canada; used labels, 1855-67
Cheney, Hill & Co’s Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass. and New England towns; used a corner card; 1854
Cheney, Rice & Co’s Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass. and New England towns into Canada; used a label, 1850s
Cheng-chow: local post, city in Central China, 1948-49
Cheng-yang-kwan: local post, city in East China, 1949
Chen-Ning: local post, city in Southwest China, 1949
Chen-Yuan: local post, city in Southwest China, 1949
Cheque: (British) check
Cheque Stamps: fiscal stamp inscription to confirm payable Stamp Duty; 1855-1971: used on checks, 1898: used as postage in Nyasaland, canceled by postal clerks when affixed to letters
Cherbine: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1872-84, Interpostal Seals
Cherbourg: local post provisional, France, 1944
Cherdyn: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1889-1918, Zemstvo
Cherepovets: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1869-1912, Zemstvo
Cherifian Local Post: semi-official local post of Morocco, 1912-13, Morocco
Cherkassy: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1879, Zemstvo
Cherkes(s)ia: bogus Russian issue, not valid for postage
Chern: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1871-75, Zemstvo
Cherokee Nation: 1: original Cherokees lived in Ga., Ala., N. & S. Carolina, Tenn., Ky., and W. Va.; forcibly moved to Indian territory (now Oklahoma) in 1838-39. 2: bogus, island in the Rio Grande that was going to declare independence
Cherry Blossom Stamps: Japanese issues depicting cherry blossoms as part of the design,1872
Cherry Picking: art of buying a stamp or a cover at the seller’s asking price even though you know it is worth a lot more
Cherry Red Airline: local post, Canada,1929
Cherry Tree P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Cherubini: Italian Air Mail catalog
Cheshire Lines Committee: British local railway post
Cheste: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Chesuncook Lake Tourists Despatch: US local post, Maine, 1886
Chetrum: unit of currency used in Bhutan
Cheun: unit of currency used in Bhutan
Chewing Gum Booklet: nickname for small stamp booklets produced by Canada, 1943-53
CHI: international postal code for Chile
Chiapas: state in Mexico issued stamps during 1866 revolution; 1856-1883; overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1866: No.1, 1/2 real black, 1995: issued two local post stamps
Chiaro: (It.) light (color)
Chibin-el-Anater: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-84, Interpostal Seals
Chibin-el-Com: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868-84, Interpostal Seals
Chibriket: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880-82, Interpostal Seals
Chicago Counterfeits: forged US 1894 2¢ stamps detected by Chicago Postal Inspectors from ad in paper
Chicago Dime Express Co.: local parcel firm serviced Chicago; used a stamp, 1884-85
Chicago Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Chicago Penny Post: US local post, Charles W. Mappa, formerly Floyd’s Penny Post, Chicago, IL.,1862
Chicago Perforations: imperforate stamps privately-perforated by Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist; first US stamps perforated by a true perforating machine, June 1855
Chiclayo: “Franca” (Sp.) paid overprint on stamps of Peru for use in Chile, 1884
Chiffre: 1: (with value in piastre) Turkey postage due. 2: (without country name) France (perforated) postage due. 3: (without country name) French Colonies (imperforate) postage due. 4: (Fr.) numeral
Chiffre Taxe: (Fr.) inscription on postage due labels of France, French colonies and Turkey, post-1859
Chiffre Taxe a Perçevoir: (Fr.) inscription on postage due labels of Egypt, post-1884
Chihuahua: state in Mexico; 1856-83: overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1872: No.1, 12 centavos black, issued stamps during revolt to drive French ou of state, 1914: district in Mexico which issued revolutionary stamps
Child & Co’s Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass., and Portland, Maine into Canada; used labels, 1843-49
Child & Kent Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston, and Lynn, Mass.; used a label
Children’s Charity Stamps: semipostals for children’s charities; most popular are “Pro Juventute” (Switzerland since 1913) and “Kinderzegels” (Holland since 1924); also known as Child Welfare Stamp
Children’s Playtime Postage: Children’s Stamps, Toy Stamps
Children’s Stamps: stamps designed by children and issued by various countries since 1958
Chile: southern South America between Argentina and Peru; Official name of postal administration: Correos de Chile Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 milesimos = 100 centesimos = 1 escudo (1960), 100 centavos = 1 peso (1975) 1748: monthly mail service started between Santiago and Buenos Aires, 1810, Sep. 11: independence from Spain, 1817-18: became independent nation, 1840: regular coastal mail service started, expanded to packet mail, 1853, July 1: No.1, 5 centavos brown-red, first stamps with “Colon” inscription, 1865-81: stamps of Great Britain used at Valparaiso, 1881, Apr. 1: joined the UPU, 1891, Apr. 21: revenue stamps used for postage, 1891, July 10-Sep. 5, 1891: no charge for internal mail due to stamp shortage, 1894: first acknowledgment of receipt, postage due stamps, 1900, 1901, 1913: revenue stamps used for mail due to stamp shortage, 1907: first official stamp issued, 1927: first air mail stamp issued, 1940, Mar.1: first semipostal stamp issued, 1957, Apr. 8: first parcel post postal tax stamp, 1961, Apr. 29: first air mail semipostal stamp, 1970: first postal tax stamp, 1990: freely elected president installed
Chile: (Czech.) Chile
Chilsky: (Czech.) Chilean
Chilean Occupation of Peru: stamps of Peru overprinted with arms of Chile, 1881
Chili: (Fr.) Chile
Chill Roller Doubling: a double impression left on the printed stamp caused by a set-off from the chill roller
Chill Rollers: rollers that help cool the web after stamps have been printed, in order to prepare the press for another step
Chilsky: (Czech.) Chile, Chilean
Chimarra (Himera): provisional issue of Epirus during Greek occupation, Feb.1914-19
Chimborazo Riobamba: control overprint on stamps of Ecuador, 1902
Chimeneas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937-38
China: Eastern Asia, between North Korea and Vietnam; Official name of postal administration: State Post Bureau Currency: 10 candareen = 1 mace, 10 mace = 1 tael, 100 cents = 1 dollar, yuan (1897), 100 fen = 1 yuan (1949) 4000 BC: oldest postal system in world, used by court officials, 2000 BC: paper first used as writing material, 1122-255 BC: Chou Dynasty had a postal system, 13th Century AD: Marco Polo claimed the I-Chan government had 10,000 post stages, called Min Hsin Chu, made up of letter guilds, carried unofficial mails, 1402: Chinese Ming Emperor Yung opened the Imperial Courier Service to private Chinese citizens to send private letters, 1727: Treaty of Kyakhta permitted mail exchanges between China and Russia, 1858: foreign diplomatic couriers permitted, 1878: No.1, 1 candareen green, China issued its own “large Dragons” stamps, Imperial Maritime Customs Post issue, many local post, sectional, inflation and occupation issues, 1878-82: all mail for foreign destinations routed through Shanghai, 1896: Imperial Postal Service put private carriers out of business, 1897: Imperial post started as nationwide postal system, 1912: first postage due stamp issued, 1914-pre: all mail to foreign destinations had to pass through foreign post offices, Imperial Chinese post offices handled foreign stamps which could be used in combination with Chinese stamps, or uaed a handstamp, 1914, March 1: joined the UPU, includes Hong Kong, Macao, 1917: Japan awarded the Shantung territory, Japan withdrew in 1922, 1922: foreign countries stopped using their own systems for mail sent abroad, 1927, Apr.18: Nationalist government under Chiang Kai-Shek, 1932: Japan occupied Manchuria and renamed it Manchukuo, 1932: first semipostal, air mail stamps issued, 1940: Japan invaded China proper controlling the coastal areas, 1940-43: stamp stock surcharged by provincial officials, 1940s: inflation issue included a $5 million stamp, WWII-post: Japan evacuated occupied Chinese territories, 1945-49: Nationalist and Communist areas issued inflation provisional stamps, 1949, Jan.-Oct.: Liberation Area issued its own regional issues, 1949, May 1: non-denominated stamps with face value determined by date of sale at post office, five numbers in lower margin indicate: 1. issue number. 2. total stamps in set. 3. position of stamp. 4. cumulative number of stamp. 5. year of issue, 1949, Oct. 1: People’s Republic of China formed 1949, Oct. 8: No.1, 30 dollar, blue, first of own stamps for entire nation, 1950, June 30: regional issues ordered not to be sold with one-year cut-off, Northeast and Port Arthur-Darien exempted due to different currencies, 1950, Sep.1: first postage due stamp issued, 1950, Dec. 31: Northeast and Port Arthur-Darien ceased separate issues, 1951, May 1: first air mail stamp issued, 1951, May: separate issues discontinued in Northeast China, unified issues only, 1953, Aug. first military stamp, 1955, Mar.1: reprints put on sale to public, 1960-pre: all stamps were issued without gum, with few exceptions, 1963, Aug. 24: changed affiliation with the UPU, Mongolia became independent, 1970-pre: canceled-to-order stamps exist in quantity, 1984, Feb. 16: first semi-postal stamp, 1987: used stamps for philatelic market ceased, 1995, Mar. 1: reprints offered for sale by the Philatelic Agency, 1997, July 1: Hong Kong returned to China as administrative district; Hong Kong stamps continued; China, Regional Issues; Taiwan
China: 1: overprint on stamps of Germany, Offices in China. 2: China Post inscription for People’s Republic of China. 3: overprint on stamps of Hong Kong, 1917-1927, British Offices abroad
China, Boxer Uprising: 1900, June: Nationalist uprising against foreign influence in China resulted in a siege of the international legations in Peking and an attack of the international settlements in Tientsin, 1900, July: Troops from nine countries (American, Australian, Austro-Hungarian, British, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Russian) assembled to fight the Boxers, 1900, Aug.: International force lifts the siege of Peking; Boxers dispersed; Allied occupation of North China, 1900, Sept.-Aug. 15, 1901: Some mail was “Free,” while others required domestic rate postage; Britain issued stamps of India overprinted “C.E.F.”(China Expeditionary Force), 1901, Sep.: Peace Protocol of Peking signed by China, ending the intervention
China, British Offices: 1844: consular treaty port post offices opened, 1862-post: all mail canceled “B62” in Hong Kong, 1862-1917: stamps of Hong Kong used, 1917: No.1, 1 cent brown; overprint “China” on stamps of Hong Kong, valid in Hong Kong, and treaty ports, 1922, Nov. 30: all offices were closed except for Wei-hai-wei, 1930, Oct. 1: stamps withdrawn, offices handed back to China
China, Central: provinces of Honan, Hunan, Hupen, Kansu; 1949, May: No.1, 100 yuan dark carmine, No. 1, 1 cent on 20 yuan red-brown, 1949, Aug.: No.1, non-denominated orange
China, Central Liberation Area: provinces of Honan, Hupen, Hunan and Kiangsi; 1949, Fall: postal service started with currency surcharges
China Clay Paper: paper with a high mineral content used for the US Washington-Franklin stamps, 1908-09
China, East: provinces of Anhwei, Chekiang, Fukien 1949: No.1, 1 cent on 500 yuan blue-green, Kiangsu 1949, No.1, 30,000 yuan chocolate, and Shantung,
China, East Liberation Area: provinces of Shantung, Kiangsu, Chekiang, Annwei and Fukien; 1941: postal service established, 1948, Mar.: first stamps, 1948, July: became East China Posts and Telegraph General Office, 1949, May 30: East China Liberation Area stamps issued
China Expeditionary Force: stamps of India overprinted “C.E.F.” 1900, Aug.-Nov. 25, 1923: used by Indian and British troops during Boxer rebellion, stamps continued being used after 1906
China, Formosa: Taiwan
China, French Offices: Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 cents = 1 piaster, 100 cents = 1 dollar 1862-94: used stamps of France overprinted “Chine,” Shanghai (Nov. 1862); Tientsin (March, 1889); Chefoo (Nov. 1898); Hankow (agency Nov. 1898, PO Oct. 1902); Peking (Dec. 1900); Amoy (Jan. 1902); Foochow, (1902); Ningpo (1902). 1894: No.1, 5 centimes green, 1894-1922: “Chine” (Fr.) overprint / surcharge stamps of France, 1901-19: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, Canton, Hoi-Hao, Mongtseu (Mengtsz), Pakhoi, Tchong- King (Chungking), Yunnan Fou (Kunming) overprint / surcharge stamps of Indo-China, 1903-22: “A Percevoir” (Fr.) to collect, overprint / surcharge on postage due stamps of France, 1906, Oct.-1941: No.1, 1 centime olive-green, “Kwang-Chow,” (Kouang Tcheou-Wan) overprint / surcharge stamps of Indo-China stamps used for French naval base, 1922, Dec. 31: all post offices closed.
China, German Offices: 1898, Jan. 26: No.1, 3 pfenning dark brown, overprint on stamps of Germany, overprint plus surcharge, “5pf” for use in Foochow and Tientsin, 1898, Mar. 6: Kiaochow (Kiautschou) leased to Germany, 1914, Nov. 7: Kiaochow (Kiautschou) surrendered to Japan, 1917, Mar. 17: all post offices closed
China-handstempel: (Ger.) Tientsien provisional issue
China, Hong Kong: administrative region, July 1, 1997: No. 1, $1.30 multi
China, Indian Forces: 1900: overprinted “C.E.F.” on stamps of India; China Expeditionary Forces
China, Indo-Chinese Offices: French post offices in China; Canton, Chungking L.P.O., Hoihow, Mongtze (Mengtsze), Pakhoi, Yunnanfu (Kunming)
China, Italian Offices: Currency: 100 centesimi – 1 lira 1874: No.1 1 centesimi olive-green, 1917, Sep.-Dec. 31, 1922: used stamps of Italy, 1917, Sep.; No.1, 2¢ on 5¢ green, stamps of Italy overprinted “Pechino,” for Peking. 1917, Sep.; No.1, 2¢ green, overprinted Tientsin
China, Japanese Occupation: stamps of China overprinted plus occupation issues, 20th century in Chinese characters: Kwangtung Province including Canton; Inner Mongolia, including North Shansi, South Chara and Suiyuna; North China including Honan, Hopei, Meng Chiang, Shansi, Shantung and Supeh; Nanking and Shanghai including Anhwei, Chekiang, Fukien, Hunan, Hupe and Kiangsi. 1942: stamps of China overprinted.
China, Japanese Offices: 1876, Apr. 15- 31 Dec.1899: overprint on stamps of Japan with Chinese characters, 1900, Jan.: first stamps issued, 1922, Nov. 30: offices closed 1945: issued stamps for Taiwan (Formosa)
China, Liaoning: Port Arthur and Dairen, overprinted stamps of Japan and Manchukuo,1946
China, Macao: 1999, Dec. 20: issued stamps as People’s Republic of China region; Macao
China, North: provinces of Chahar, Hopeh, Shansi and Suiyuan
China, Northeastern Provinces: Manchurian towns: 1946, Feb.: first stamps, No.1, 50¢ on 5 yuan violet-red, China, Northern Liberation Area: provinces of Lianoning, Kirin, Jehol and Heilungkiang (aka Manchuria under Japanese); No.1, 1 dollar violet, local post overprint on stamps of Manchukuo,
China, North Liberation Area: provinces of Hopen, Chahar, Shansi and Suiyuan; 1937, Dec.: postal service started, 1946, Mar.: first stamp, 1949, May: renamed North China Postal and Telegraph Administration
China, Northwest: provinces of Ningsia, Sinkiang, Tsinghai, 1949, May: No.1, 1 cent on 100 yuan orange, Shensi (west portion) 1949, May: No.1, 500 yuan blue-green
China, Northwest Liberation Area: provinces of Tsinghai, Ningsia and part of Shensi; 1936, Oct.: established territory, 1949: Sinkiang added to the group, 1945, Mar.: first stamps, 1949, June 13: “People’s Post Shensi” overprint, 1949, Oct.: “People’s Post Kansu” and “People’s Post Sinkiang” overprint, 1949, Oct. 15: Northwest Peoples Post started
China: North West People’s Post: area in northwest China, now China People’s Republic, 1949, Oct. 15. issued first and only stamps
China, Offices in Manchuria: 1927: 1/2 centime black-brown, stamps of China overprinted
China, Offices in Tibet: currency: 12 pies = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee 1911: No.1, 1 pie on 1c ocher
China Paper: India Paper
China, Port Arthur and Darien: 1946, Apr.: Liaoning postal administration established with overprint on stamps of Manchukuo and Japan
China, Regional Issues: considered post-World War II to 1949
China, Republic of: Taiwan
China, Russian offices: Currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1917) 1870: stamps of Russia used, 1876: post offices established by Chinese National Postal System in five major cities, 1899: No.1, 1 kopeck orange, stamps of Russia overprinted (KHTAH) in the Cyrillic alphabet, 1917-20: stamps of Russia surcharged, 1920: post offices closed
China, South: provinces of Hainan Island, Kwangsi and Kwantung, 1949, Nov.: South China Postal and Telegraph Administration started, 1949, Nov. 1: first stamp
China, Southwest: provinces of Kweichow, Sikang, Szechwan, Yunnan and Tibet; 1926, No. 1, 1/2 cent black brown. 1933: No. 1, 1 cent orange, Tibet and Yunnan, 1949, Nov. 15: Southwest Postal and Telegraph Administration started 1949, Dec.: first stamps as Southwest China
China Treaty Ports: established in various Treaty ports: Amoy (1895), Chefoo (1893), Chunkiang (1894), Foochow (1895), Hankow (1893), Ichang (1895), Kewkiang (1894), Nanking (1896), Wuhu (1894) and Shanghai (1865), closed in 1897 with start of Imperial Post
China, United States Offices: 1867, Aug. 3: US post office opened in the General Consulate in Shanghai, postage charged at international rates of 10¢ for letters, paid for with American stamps, 1887, Dec. 11: second post office opened in Tientsin, closed Sept. 3, 1889, 1903: postage rates reduced to domestic rates, 1919, July 1: overprint / surcharge “Shanghai / China” in Chinese dollar on US stamps for use in Shanghai mail to the US, 1922, Dec.31: overprinted stamps withdrawn, all foreign post offices closed in China. 1929-31: (USMC) Marine Corps patrol at Peiping, China
Chin-Cha-Ki: local post, north Chinese, 1946
Chinchilla: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Chine: 1. (Fr.) 1904-22: overprint on stamps of France and Indo-China, for France, Offices in China, post offices located at Canton, Hoi Hao, Kouang-Tcheou, Mongtseu, Pakhoi, Tchongking and Yunnan Fou. 2. (Rom.) China
Chinese Empire: inscription used on stamps of China, 1909
Chinese Imperial Post: inscription on stamps of China, 1898-1912
Chinese National Postal System: began with opening to the general public of special courier service between five major Chinese cities, 1876
Chinese Skull and Crossbones: 5 stamps of China depicting a skull and crossbones, labels, were never issued
Chinezesc: (Rom.) Chinese
Chinkiang: treaty port local post, China
Chin-Ki-Lu-Yu: local post, North China, 1940-46
Chin-nan: local post, North China, 1949
Chios (Khios): Aegean Island captured by Greece from Turkey in 1912, Balkan War; 1913, May: No.1, 25 lira ultramarine overprint on stamp of Greece for Chios;
Chipre: (Sp.) Cyprus
Chiriqui: province anniversary overprint on stamps of Panama, 1949
Chisinau: overprint on semipostal stamps of Romania for occupation of Chisinau, Bessarabia, Aug. 1941
Chistopol: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1906-12, Zemstvo
Chita Issue: Siberia, name for Far Eastern Republic issues of 1921 and 1922
Chiva: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Chokin Kyoku: Indonesia savings stamp, Japanese occupation
Choklad: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) chocolate (color)
Chokoladebrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) chocolate brown (color)
Cholerabrief: (Ger.) cholera letter (with disinfection markings, or slits)
Cholm: local provisional, German occupation, c1918
Chop: Japanese characters typically used by officers to validate stamps of territories occupied by Japanese troops during WW I and WWII; used until official occupation stamps became available, also used in Ryuku Islands
Chopped Cover: an envelope that has been used, cut down in size, removing initial address and postage, and reused
Chorpenning, George and Woodward, Absalom: predecessor to Pony Express; 1851, Apr. 25: US contracted to have mail carried once each month between Salt Lake and Sacramento. Woodward killed by Indians in first year of service, route changed so mail went from Salt Lake to San Pedro and then on a steamer to San Francisco. In 1858, four-horse coaches were used
Chorrillos Lima Callao: Peru
Chorvatsko: (Czech.) Croatia
Chorvatsky: (Czech.) Croatian
Chosen: Japanese name once used for Korea, along with Corea, Tyosen, Tae Han
Chouze-sur-Loire: local provisional, France, 1944
CH Post, Hounslow: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
C.H.R.: Charles H. Roll, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer
Christiania: (or Kristiania, now Oslo [q.v.]) local post established by Adams’s Express, a branch of the same company that operated in Copenhagen (q.v. Copenhagen -Adam’s Expres Local Post), with lithographed 10 øre and 20 øre “Adams Expres / Kristiania” local stamps depicting a dog carrying a parcel in its mouth issued in 188(?)
Christian Commission: operated during the American Civil War, performed duties of chaplains
Christiansburg, Va. Paid 5¢: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Christianssund: (or Christiansund, or Kristiansund) seaport in Møre of Romsdal county in W Norway WSW of Trondheim, and ca. 265 miles NNW of Oslo. Site of 19th century local posts established by M. Andresen & Co., and J. C. Bruun (q.v. individual local post entries)
Christianssund – J. C. Bruun Local Post: Local post re-organized by J. C. Bruun as the successorr company to the M. Andresen Local Post (q.v.) company. Similar in design to those of the Andresen company, 5 øre “Christianssunds Bypost” local stamps in several colors issued 1 March 1887, followed by 1, 2, 3, and 10 øre carmine stamps issued in January 1889
Christianssund – M. Andresen Local Post: Local post established by M. Andresen & Co., with first “Christianssunds Bypost / M. Andresen & Co.” typographed local stamps issued 1 September 1878, and various others issued through 1879
Christianssunds Bypost: Norway local post, 1878-89
Christkindl: postmarks and labels used for mail and balloon mail from the Austrian post office of Christkindl at Christmas
Christmas Charity Post Stamps: scout and church group stamps in Britain permitting charities to carry Christmas and New Year cards between Nov. 26 and Jan.1 each year, started 1981
Christmas Day Delivery: special British cancel for mail to be deposited in advance for delivery Christmas Day, 1902-09
Christmas Island: Southeastern Asia, south of Indonesia; Currency: 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar 1643: named for the day of its discovery, 1888: annexed by Great Britain, 1900-58: under British colony of Singapore, used stamps of Straits Settlements and Singapore, WW II: British and America troops used stamps of their respective nations, 1958: Australia took over Christmas island from Singapore, 1958: provisionals overprinted and surcharged in Malayan currency, 1958, Oct. 15: No.1, 2 cent yellow-orange, 1963, Aug. 28: sovereignty to UK transferred, first stamps with Christmas Island inscription. Note: there is also a Christmas Island that is part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
Christmas Island Australia: bogus booklets that have no official status, not connected with Australia Post
Christmas Island Mail Boat Service: local post, 1915?-1938
Christmas Mail: British Post Office plan whereby mail could be deposited in advance for delivery on Christmas Day, 1902-09
Christmas 1991 USA: United States non-denominated postage stamps, 29¢, 1991 (6 designs); Merry Christmas 1975
Christmas Post Stamps: private labels authorized by the British government for various scouting organizations to print and sell as a fund raising project, 1981
Christmas Seal: charity label used to raise funds, first placed on sale in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in 1904, US, 1907;
Christmas Stamp, Earliest US: issued Nov.1, 1962, Scott No.1205
Christmas Stamps: special postage stamps issued for use on mail during the holiday season, first stamps for use on greeting cards were issued by Austria in 1937
Christmas Stamps, Compulsory: Costa Rica concept for use on Christmas mail in1959
Christmas USA 1981: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 20¢, 1981; Season’s Greetings USA 1981
Christmas US Postage: United States non-denominated stamp, value 10¢, 1975
Chr. IX: (Dan.) King Christian IX
Chr. X: (Dan.) King Christian X (1870-1947, reigned 1912-1947)
Chromed: after a printing sleeve is hardened, a coating of chrome is applied to help give the metal sleeve a longer life
Chrome Era: derived from “Kodochrome,” from 1939 to present, US version postcard
Chromegelb: (Ger.) chrome yellow (color)
Chrome Plating: covering engraved steel plates with a thin layer of chromium in order to make them last longer
Chrome Stain: printing variety caused by the chrome plating stripping off the printing plate
Chromgul: (Dan.) chrome yellow (color)
Chromolithography: two or more colors printed at the same time via lithography; Switzerland Canton issue of 1843 is an example
Chr. Sunds Bypost: Norway local post
Chr. X: (Dan.) King Christian X (1870-1947, reigned 1912-1947)
Ch. Taxe O.M.F. Syrie: (Fr.) chiffre taxe, postage due overprint on stamps of France for offices in Turkey, Syria
Chuashia: bogus Russian issue
Chuckram: unit of currency used in the Indian state of Travancore
Chungking: local post established by Archibald John Little, 1893-95
Chungking L.P.O.: stamps of Indo-China overprinted for Tchongking, 1903-04, China, Indo-Chinese Offices
Churchill: common design on stamps of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1966
Church Mail: priests of the Icelandic State Church were permitted to use official stamps on their mail with the condition that they were for official use only, 1873
Chuvashia, Republic of: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, not valid for postage, UPU report on Jan. 14, 2002
C.H.X.: Charing Cross, London; 1829-58
Chybotisk: (Czech.) printing error)
Chypre: (Fr.) Cyprus
CIA Invert: term applied to a US stamp featuring a candlestick holder that was found upside down by CIA employees when buying stamps at their local USPS post office, Sc.1610c
CIB: Canadian Infantry Brigade
CIBG: Canadian Infantry Brigade Group
C.I.C.I.: Congress of the International Colonial Institute, overprint on stamps of Portugal, 1933
Ciecholinek: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20
Cie. Franco-Roumaine de Navigation Aérienne: C.F.R.N.A
Ciemny: (Pol.) dark (as referencing the color of a postage stamp)
Cierre Oficial (Postal): (Sp.) sealed by official (postal) authorities as damaged or censored
Cierro Oficial: (Sp.) inscription, official seals for Chile, El Salvador
Cieszyn: local post provisional, Poland, 1919
Ciety or Niezabkowany: (Pol.) imperforate (stamp)
Cieza: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
C.I.F.: (Sp.) Congreso Internacional de Filatelia, International Philatelic Congress, 1960
Cifra: (Sp.) numeral
Cifras de Control: (Sp.) control numbers
Cigarette Paper: thin paper used for rolling cigarettes, used by Latvia for a stamp issue in 1919
Cigarette Tax: 1: stamps paying a government tax on cigarettes. 2: used as postage due labels in South Africa, 1922
Cigarette Tube Stamps: tax receipt paid on hollow tubes of cigarette paper to which small mouthpieces were attached, for those who made their own cigarettes, 1919-33
CIGTTE.: overprint abbreviation for cigarette on US Cigarette Tube revenue stamps
Cihlove cervená: (Czech.) brick-red (color)
C.I.H.S.: Commission Interalliée Haute-Silésie (Ger.) InterAllied Commission for Upper Silesia, hand stamp / overprint on stamps of Germany, official use, Feb.1920
Cijuela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Cile: (It.) Chile
Cilicia: southeastern Asia Minor territory of Turkey; Currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster 1918-Oct. 20, 1921: occupied by French and British who overprinted stamps of France and Turkey; 1918, Feb. 10: British military occupation stamps used in parts of Cilicia, 1919: control transferred to France, 1919, Mar. 4: No. 1, 2 paras red-lilac, first stamps used, stamps of Turkey overprinted “Cilicie,” 1919: first postage due stamps issued, French regime overprinted stamps of Turkey and France, 1920: France received territory as mandate from League of Nations, 1920, July 15: first air mail stamp, 1921, Oct. 20: Cilicia returned to Turkey, 1923: Turkey expelled the French; T.E.O., O.M.F
Cilicien: (Ger.) Cilicia
Ciliegia: (It.) cerise (color)
Cina: (Czech., It.) China
Cinabrio: (Sp.) vermilion (color)
Cinabru: (Rom.) vermilion (color)
Cinci: (Rom.) five (number)
Cincinnati City Delivery: U.S. local post, Cincinnati, Ohio, used stamps,1883
Cincisprezece: (Rom) fifteen (number)
Cincizeci: (Rom) fifty (number)
Cinderella: a stamp-like label with no postal validity that may have perforations, gum and designs that imitate real postage stamps; Bogus, Carriage, Charity, Dues, Fantasy, Etiquettes, Label, License, Local, Poster, Revenue, Royalty, Saving, Taxpaid (Revenue), Telegraph and Telephone, Toy Stamps and Seals, Stickers
Cinderella Division: APS term for exhibition classification to include charity stamps, poster stamps, promotional stamps and other cinderellas
Cinöbeivörös: (Hung.) vermilion (color)
Cinq-Mars-la-Pile: local provisional, France, 1944
Cinquantenaire 24 Septembre: (Fr.) 50 years of occupation overprint on stamps of French Colonies postage dues for New Caledonia, 1903
Cínsky: (Czech.) Chinese
Cinzento: (Port.) gray (color)
Ciocolata: (Rom.) chocolate (color)
Ciocolata-brun: (Rom.) chocolate-brown (color)
Cioccolato: (It.) chocolate (color)
CIPEX: Centenary International Philatelic Exhibition
C.I.R.: Clarence I. Ronsaville, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer
Cipro: (It.) Cyprus
Cir.: USPS address abbreviation for Circle
Circuit Book: book with stamps or covers offered for sale to collectors, usually by stamp groups
Circuito Delle Oasi / Tripoli / Maggio-1934-XII: overprint on stamps of airmail stamps of Libya for Tripolitania, for “Circuit of the Oases.”
Circulacion: (Sp.) put into circulation, issued
Circulado, Sobres: (Sp.) postally used covers
Circular-Beförderung: local post, Cologne, Germany, 1888-89
Circular Date Stamp (CDS, cds): postal marking with date, place and time of mailing in a circular marking, may be part of a machine cancel or a separate mark, started in the 1820s, machine usage since the 1880s; four types, rimless, single ring, double ring and square circle
Circular Delivery Stamps: private firms in Great Britain usage for stamps issued in prepayment of delivery of circulars, samples, and printed matter, issued 1865-67
Circular Design: used in Norway, 1855, complicated circular pattern of parallel lines to prevent washing of stamp for reuse
Circulations: (Fr.) circuit books
Circulo Filatelico Argentino: (Sp.) Argentine Philatelic Circle, inscription on issue of Argentina, UPU reported Aug. 18, 1997; not valid for postage
Cirenaica: overprint on stamps of Italy, for Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, 1923; Cyrenaica
Ciruela: (Sp.) plum (color)
C.I.S.: 1: Commission Interalliée Slesvig (Ger.) Interallied Commission for Schleswig, 1920. 2: Commonwealth of Independent States
Ciskei: South Africa homeland state with territorial authority; 1981, Dec. 4: No.1, 5 cent multicolor, first stamps issued, 1994, Apr. 27: Ciskei dissolved as a separate administrative state; South Africa
Citizens Stamp Advisory Committee (CSAC): a group of citizens, non USPS employees, appointed by the USPS to review the more than 40,000 suggestions for stamp subjects that the USPS receives each year
Cito, Citissime, Volantissime: (Latin) “quickly, very quickly, very fleetingly” inscription on early Italian and Central European mail, urging speed; from the 15th century on; the number of “Cito’s” indicated the degree of urgency
Citrongul: (Dan.) lemon-yellow (color)
Citromsarga: (Hung.) lemon-yellow (color)
Citron: (Fr.) lemon (color)
Citrongul: (Dan., Swed.) lemon-yellow (color)
Cittá del Vaticano: (It.) Vatican City
City & Suburban Telegraph: issued telegraph stamps for firm’s own telegrams, New York,1855?
City Delivery Co.: local parcel firm; used a label, year unknown
City Despatch & Express: US local post handstamp, Baltimore, Md., 1850
City Despatch Post: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y.; 1842-50; Carriers’ Stamps. 2: US local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1848
City Dispatch: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1846. 2: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1860. 3: US local post, St. Louis, Mo., 1861
City Dispatch Post: US local post handstamp, Baltimore, Md., 1846-47
City Dispatch Post Office: US local post, New Orleans, La., 1847
City Express Post: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., c. 1840s
City Letter Express Mail: US local post, Newark, N.J., 1856
City Mail Co.: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1845
City of Glasgow Union Railway: Scotland local post
City of London Delivery: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
City of London Mail: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
City of London P. Auct.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
City One Cent Dispatch: US local post, Baltimore, Md., 1851
City Parcel Clearing House: private parcel delivery firm served Toronto, Canada, used stamps
City Penny Post: Great Britain, Ireland and North America 1765 Act permitted the establishment of “.a Penny Post Office.” in any town for local mail as thought convenient
City Postal Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Ciudadaño: (Sp.) citizen, refers to inscription on mail from the Mexican period of colonial postal history
Ciudad del Vaticano: (Sp.) Vatican City
Ciudadela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Ciudad Juarez: provisional, revolutionary, district of Mexico issued its own overprints, 1914
Ciudad Real: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Ciudad Rodrigo: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Cividini Mark: originally used by a French stamp dealer as a guarantee; upon his death, another dealer bought the mark and used it on faked letters and stamps
Civil Censorship: includes opening, reading or marking of mail emanating from or sent to civilians primarily during wartime or periods of unrest
Civil Service Stamps: used on civil service mail in some countries
CKOS: Central Committee for Capital Rebuilding, Polish charity label
CL: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail semi-official stamps. 2: Crown Lands, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 3: correspondence locale distribution (Fr.) local letters posted at smaller offices, 1833-58. 4: international postal code for Sri Lanka
C.L. & M. (Colusa, Lake & Medocino Telegraph Company): issued telegraph stamps for firms’ own telegrams, US, 1876
Clair: (Fr.) light (color)
Clann Na l’Eireann: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Clapp & Son, Inc. Express: local firm serviced Boston, Mass. and Providence, R.I.; used a label
Clapper Post: started in Vienna, Austria. Postmen sounded a clapper to notify the public they were available to accept mail; which they marked and delivered to branch post offices, April 1772
Clarior e Tenebris: “Light out of darkness;” inscription on the stamps of Grenada
Clark & Co.: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1857. 2: Great Britain local post, 1866
Clark & Hall: US local post, St. Louis, MO.,1851
Clark & Phillips’ Express: local post serviced New York City area; used a label, year unknown
Clark & Rushton’s Express: local post serviced Mass. used a label, year unknown
Clarke’s Circular Express: US local post, New York, N.Y., printed matter, 1865-68(?)
Clarke, Wm. E.: US medicine stamp inscription; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Clark, Frank E. (F.E.C.): inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Clark, Henry A.: inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Clark, Jas. A.: inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Clark Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Clark, R.C & C.S.: US medicine stamp inscription; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Clark’s Special Delivery System: local parcel service, Seattle, Wash.; used stamps, late 1800s
Claro: (Sp.) light (color)
Classeur: (Fr.) stockbook
Classic: the designation classic is applied to a stamp or cover, which because of its beauty of design, its age or rarity, is much sought after, generally only refers to stamps issued prior to 1900
Classique: (Fr.) Classic
Clausland(ia): Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate
Clavologique, Principality of: (Fr.) bogus labels of French origin
Clay Banknote: the US 1870 12¢ National Bank Note stamp
Clay Tablets: moist clay used to retain symbols and messages for transmission beginning around 3000 B.C. and continuing in some places to as late as the 1st century B.C
Clayton’s Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
C.L.D.: Crown Lands Department frank, Canadian
Clean Cut Perforation: Perkins, Bacon and Co. perforating machine which cut holes cleanly, without bits of paper adhering
Cleaned Plate: when a printing plate has been used for some time, it becomes clogged with ink resulting in a poor impression; after cleaning, the stamps printed from it are described as “from a cleaned plate.”
Cleaning: removal of foreign substance from a stamp
Clear Grill: scam for a grilled stamp; if it’s a “clear” grill, it means that there is no grill
Clearing House Parcel Delivery Company: parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass., used stamps
Clear Zones: USPS term for area where barcodes can be placed on the front of mail pieces
Cleator & Workington Junction Railway: British local post
Clerk 51, 54, 55 and 56: identification of US railway mail clerks who canceled stamps on their routes, 1909-20
Cleveland’s Harrow L.P.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Cliché: end result of the process of applying a design into metal; individual identical units that are used to make up a printing plate, plate, image, block, photo, line cut, position
Click-n-Ship: USPS service that allows individuals to print shipping labels and pay for postage online via a credit card
Click Stamp: a postage imprint produced by Pitney Bowes
Climatic: stamp paper that is liable to change color due to exposure to light, air or dampness
Climax Dater: rubber date cancel used 1885-1935 in Great Britain at small postal facilities, original usage was in violet ink until 1911 when ink pads were changed to black ink
Clinton’s Penny Post: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa.(?)
Clipper: Pan-American Airways plane, flew many first flights on trans-oceanic routes
Clipper Postmark: incorrectly applied to an ocean mail mark used outbound from New York; shows a small grid between the “New” and “York” in the town mark
Clipperton Island: atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, southwest of Mexico; 18th century: named for John Clipperton, a pirate who headquartered on the island, 1855: annexed by France, 1876, Jan.1: joined the UPU with France, 1895, Apr. 4: inscription for Pacific Island local post, to frank mail between the island and the San Francisco, diagonal overprint on stamps of Mexico considered to be bogus. 1897: seized by Mexico, 1935: France took possession
Clise: (Sp.) Cliché
Cliseele: (Rom.) illustrations
C.L.N.: Comitati di Liberazione Nazionale (It.) National Liberation Committees, 1943-44: inscription / overprint on stamps of Italy for local use
C.L.N. Italia Posta Partigiana: (It.) inscription for Parma, Italy, unissued, C.L.N
C.L.N. / Ossola Libera / 10.9.44: (It.) overprint for Domodossola, Italy, C.L.N
C.L.N. / Posta Italiane / Zona Aosta: (It.) inscription for Aosta, Italy, C.L.N
C.L.N. / Sondalo / Pro / Tubercolotici: (It.) overprint, C.L.N
Cloger Valley Railroad: Ireland local post
Closed Mail: mail sent in a “closed” or sealed postal bag from one exchange office to another; rate differences ceased when prepaid international rate went into effect July 1, 1875
Closed Transit Dispatches: sealed bags of international mail that travel through the USPS from one country to another country; bags are not opened for redistribution
Closet Collector: a stamp collector unknown to other stamp collectors
Closing of the Mail: time after which mail will not be accepted by a post office for dispatch on a specific train or ship
Clothes-line Stamp: nickname for the US 1939 four state stamp, Scott No. 858, which looks as though the states are hanging from a clothes line
Club Covers: covers produced by stamp clubs usually in connection with an exhibition
Clube: (Port.) association, club
Club Special Delivery: parcel firm; used a stamp
Cluj: city in Transylvania, once part of Hungary, taken by Romania WWII, stamps issued in 1919 during Romanian occupation after WWI defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, aka Kolozsvar
Cluster Box: a centralized unit of individually locked compartments for the delivery of mail
Clyde Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
CM: 1: Corrier Maggior (It.) pre-adhesive postmark for Venetian Postmaster General. 2: Censura Militar (Sp.) military censor. 3: carte maximum (Fr.), maximum card. 4: Commonwealth of the Marianas, when used in a postmark
C.M.B.G.: Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group
C.M.C. Courier Services: local post, Canada, 1987
C.M.H.: Clinton M. Hisle, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer
C.M.S. Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
C.M. Stamps Exp.Del.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
C.M.T.: surcharge found on the 1916-1918 regular and postage due issues of Austria for use during the 1919 Romanian occupation of Kolomyya (Ger. Kolomea, Pol. Kolomyja), Ukraine: “Comandamentul Militar Territorial” (“Territorial Military Headquarters”). Kolomyya is located in SW Ukraine on the Prut River ca. 30 miles SSE of Ivano-Frankivs’k, at the E end of the gateway through the E Carpathanian Mountains via the Jablonica Pass
C.N.: can refer to either Cherokee Nation, Chickasaw Nation, Choctaw Nation; when used in a postmark, Cherokee Nation
C.N.C.: Chinese National Currency, 1948
C.N.E.P.: Chambre syndicale francaise des Negociants En Philatelie (Fr.) French stamp dealers association
CNI / Pirano: Compagnia Navale Istria/Pirano (It.) ship letter stamp, 1823
CO: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail official stamps. 2: Commissariat Officer, South Australia official overprint,1868-74. 3: USPS abbreviation for Colorado. 4: Chief Office, Britain, 1794-96. 5: Compagnia Ottomana (It.) Constantinople, 1851
Coach, Mail: the word “coach” was taken from Kocs, Hungary, where the first light coach was developed in the 15th century, first as a means of public transport, then used to carry mail
Coamo: provisional issue inscription for Coamo, Puerto Rico, US administration, Aug.1898
Coarse Perforation: perforation consisting of large holes and teeth far apart, irregularly spaced
Coated Paper: paper with a slick enameled, or chalk surface
Coating: a protective surface applied to a printing plate, also known as facing
Cobalto: (It., Sp.) cobalt blue (color)
Cobrar: (Sp.) to collect (cash or a fee)
Cocentaina: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937
Coche Correo: (Sp.) mail coach
Cochin: India Feudatory State; Currency: 6 puttans = 5 annas, 2 pies = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee 1892, Apr. 1: No.1, 1/2 puttan yellow, first local stamps with umbrella watermark, 1896: watermark coat of arms, 1913: first official stamp issued, 1949, July 1: formed a United State of Travancore-Cochin, used surcharged stamps of Travancore, 1951, Apr. 1: stamps of Republic of India,
Cochin China: Cambodian Peninsula, state of French Indo-China; Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1862, first stamps of France used in French colony, 1863-67: occupied by France, 1886-87: No. 1, 5c on 25c yellow, surcharge on French Colonies, obliteration, lozenges of dots, 1888: issue prepared but never issued, 1889: stamps of French Indo-China used
Cochinchine: (Fr.) Cochin China
Cochinkina: (Dan.) Cochin China
Cochin, Travancore: Travancore, Cochin
Co. Ci: (It.) Commissariato Civile, Civil Commissioner, overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia for Ljubljana, Italian occupation, 1941
Cockermouth, Keswick & Penrith Railway: British local post
C.O. Constantinople: (It.) Ottoman Company, Constantinople; Turkish Steamship Co.,1840-62
Cocos (Keeling) Islands: islands in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Indonesia; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1969) 1609: discovered by Captain William Keeling, 19th century: first inhabitants, 1857: British possession under Ceylon administration, 1886: transferred to Straits Settlements, 1903: used stamps of Straits Settlements, incorporated with Singapore, 1933-37: first stamps of Straits Settlements, 1942, July-Apr. 3, 1946: placed under a military administration of Ceylon due to Japanese occupation of Singapore, 1952-55: used stamps of Singapore, 1955: transferred to Australia when Singapore became independent, 1963, June 11: No.1, 3 pence dark red-brown, own stamps issued, 1966, Feb. 14-July 8, 1969: used stamps of Australia due to decimal currency change, 1969, July 9: separate stamps issued, valid within Australia, 1979, Sep. 3: postal service was independent of Australia. 1991, Jan. 25: official stamp issued
Cocula: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883
C.O.D.: Collect on Delivery
COD: Codfish Air Lines, nickname for Korean war planes that carried mail and supplied between shore stations and an aircraft carrier
Co-Extensive line: British Jubilee line broken into short lengths, Jubilee Line
C of A: Commonwealth of Australia, watermark with crown, 1931
Coffee House Post Office: letters arriving by ships were delivered to a coffee house near the wharf, where they were picked up by the addressee
Cogswell & Co’s Express: local post firm serviced Boston and Lawrence, Mass., used labels
Cogwheel: Cancellation, Cogwheel
Coiling Machines: equipment capable of processing printed webs by slitting into individual rows, perforating, rolling and packaging coils of stamps into 50 coil “flats” with individual detachable transparent “bubble packs”
Coil Leader: long paper tag at the delivery end of a stamp coil, sometimes printed with number, denomination and coil price
Coil Line Pair: pair of coil stamps showing a colored line caused by a gap where the curved printing plate is joined; there are flat plate coil line pairs, where the line was meant to be a pane dividing mark when sheet stamps were printed from the plate
Coil Plate Numbers: numbers that are printed at regular intervals at the bottom of coil stamps
Coils: stamps which are produced in roll form for use in vending, dispensing, stamp affixing machines; a coil usually contains 100, 500 or more stamps of a single denomination and design
Coil Stamp: a single stamp from a coil of stamps; issued in a continuous roll, with parallel straight edges on two sides and perforations only between two stamps; some coil stamps were also issued in a long strip with perforations on all four sides
Coil Trailers: a piece of brown or manila paper adhering to the edge of the last stamp on a roll and wrapped around the coil
Coil Waste: short lengths of paper at end of coil runs, perforated in non-standard gauges and sold from 1919-1924 when the sale was stopped
Coil Wrapper: label, seal or wrapper used to package or finish completed rolls of coil stamps
Coin: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Coin Prepayment: US 3¢ coin issued in 1852 was glued to cover when the 3¢ single prepaid letter rate went into effect in 1851
Coins Datés: (Fr.) known as “dated corners” since 1922. Many French area stamps have the date of issue in the lower right margin of the stamp; these are collected as blocks of four stamps
Col.: (Fr.) abbreviation for colonies
Colaparchee, Ga Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Colburn’s Express: local post serviced Boston, Roxbury and South End, Mass., used a label
Colchester Emergency Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Colchester Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Colding, Johann Peter: proposed a balloon route carrying letters over the heads of British ships blockading Denmark during the Napoleonic wars; four successful flights took place between June 2 and Dec, 1808, when the service was discontinued
Colección: (Sp.) collection, a gathering together of philatelic material
Colección de Sellos: (Sp.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding
Colección de Tarjeta Ilustrada: (Sp.) collection of picture postcards
Colector: (Sp.) collector
Colegio de Abogados: (Sp.) inscription on Spanish fiscal stamps used by lawyers
Colegio de Huerfanos: (Sp.) inscription on Spanish semipostals issued by Postal, Telegraph and Customs services to collect funds for colleges used by children of employees
Colegio de Notarios: (Sp.) inscription on fiscal stamps used by notaries
Cole’s City Despatch P.O.: local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1848-50
Cole’s Electric Express Co.: local parcel service operated via trolley cars in Bridgeport, Conn., used a stamp; 1901?
Colete: (Port.) to collect; to assemble or bring together
Coleter: (Port.) collector
Colima: 1: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1856-1883. 2: local post provisional, Mexico, 1914
Colis: (Fr.) package
Colis Postal: (Fr.) parcel post
Colis Postaux: (Fr.) international parcel post, overprint on stamps of Dahomey, 1967-69
Collage Cachet: design made by gluing various items to form a cohesive cachet
Collateral Material: 1: relevant illustrations exhibited in a stamp display to provide additional background information on the same subject as displayed. 2: non-philatelic material that is related to philatelic material, such as photographs, maps, etc
Collecione di Cartoline: (It.) postcard collecting
Collect: half of a telegraph stamp that was affixed to the telegram, delivered to the customer, the other half kept in sending office
Collection: a gathering together of philatelic material
Collection and Distribution Wagon Service: 1896, Oct.1: designed to handle mail started in New York City, 1897: pneumatic service started, they were transferred to Buffalo, N.Y. then to St. Louis, 1900s: service was discontinued, 1899-1905: another wagon service operated in Maryland
Collection Box: blue-painted USPS street box for the public to deposit mail
Collection Lot: term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding
Collectionneur: (Fr.) collector
Collectionneur de Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) stamp collector
Collection Timbres-Postes: (Fr.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding
Collect’n & Dist’n: handstamp for street car service
Collect on Delivery (C.O.D.): mail where the cost of postage and the product enclosed will be collected from the recipient and forwarded to the mailer; sometimes called Cash on Delivery
College Stamps: private stamps issued by some US business colleges for training purposes; classified as labels; used in late1800s and early 1900s
College Stamps, University: the British universities of Oxford and Cambridge were officially granted the right to issue their own stamps for internal messenger service in the mid-1600s; several other colleges used their own stamps between 1871 and 1886
Collezione: (It.) collection, a gathering together of philatelic material
Collezione di Cartoline: (It.) collection of picture postcards
Collezione Francobolli: (It.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding
Collins Bros.: inscription on US match stamp; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Colln a.E. Spaar Oberspaar: local post Germany, 1888-89
Collodion Stains: stains in stamp paper caused by the chemical substance collodion which is used to rejoin perforations in multiples
Collotype: uses gelatine images of photographs in the printing process; as the Poltava Zemstvo issue of 1912 and London International Stamp Exhibition souvenir sheet of 1950
Colne Valley Railway: British local post
Colo.: abbreviation for Colorado prior to Zip Code usage
Colombia: Northern South America, between Panama and Venezuela; Official name of Postal Administration: Correos de Colombia Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso 1700s, early: established by Spain as the Viceroyalty of New Granada, 1810, July 20: Spanish Viceroyalty of New Granada formed the State of Greater Colombia, 1819: Republic of Colombia proclaimed, 1824: Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador made up the State of Greater Colombia, 1830: the three nations separated, 1832-58: split into Venezuela, Ecuador and the Republic of New Granada, 1858-61: named the Grenadine Confederation, 1859: No.1, 2 1/2 centavos green, first stamps as a member of the Granadine Confederation, 1861: stamps issued as the United States of New Grenada, 1862: stamps issued as the United States of Colombia, 1863-1902: Colombian states (departments) that issued their own stamps were Antioquia (1868), Bolivar (1863), Boyaca (1899), Cauca (1902), Cundinamarca (1870), Santander (1884) and Tolima (1870), 1865: first registration stamp issued, 1865-81: stamps of Britain used in Cartagena, Panama, Santa Martha, stamps of France used in Colon-Aspinwall, 1870-81: stamps of Britain used in Colon-Aspinwall, 1872-74: stamps of France used in Panama and Santa Martha, 1872-81: stamps of Britain and France used in Savanilla, 1878: stamps issued for Panama, Colombia Dominion, 1881, July 1: joined the UPU as the United States of Panama, 1886: first postage due, late fee stamps, 1887: Colombia issued stamps for use in Panama, 1893: first acknowledgment of receipt stamp issued, 1899-1902: provisional issues during civil war, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Cucuta, Medellin and Tumaco, 1903: Panama broke away from Colombia, 1909: first department stamp issued, 1917: first special delivery stamp issued, 1919: first air mail stamp issued, 1923: air mail registration stamp issued, 1937: first official stamp issued, 1958, May 19: air mail special delivery stamp issued, 1966, Apr. 26: first semipostal stamp issued; Antioquia, Bolivar, Boyaca, Cundinamarca, Santander, Tolima
Colombiana: air mail issue for Compania Colombiana de Navegacion Aerea
Colombian Express Companies: local post, via cars and aircraft, 1920-30s
Colombia, United States: Colombia
Colombie: (Fr.) Colombia
Colombie Britannique: (Fr.) British Columbia
Colon: 1: Columbus, inscription on first stamps of Chile. 2: currency unit in Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador. 3: 1903: stamps of Colombia, Republica de Panama overprint for Colon; registration stamp issued in 1898
Colon, Cristobal: (Sp.) Christopher Columbus
Colonia: (It.) colony
Colonia de Rio de Oro: inscription for Rio de Oro
Colonia Eriteria: inscription / overprint for Eritrea colony of Italy
Colonial: term used for stamps in the possession of the larger powers, issued for their colonies or territory, usually with different inscriptions for various locations; the Mauritius “Post Office” of 1847 is the earliest British colonial
Coloniali Italiane: (It.) inscription on stamps of Italy for Italian Colonies, July 1, 1932; Italian Colonies
Colonial Printing: stamps printed in a British colony from impressions originally made in London from the original plates
Colonial Post: grant made to Mary and William Neale, Feb. 17, 1692 for a 20-year period, for the American Colonies; Neale, Master of the Mint, never saw America
Colonias: inscription for Portuguese Africa, 1919
Colonies de l’ Empire Francais: inscription for French Colonies that didn’t have stamps of their own, 1859-1906, 1943-45
Colonies Postes: inscription on the General Issue for French Colonies, 1881
Color: may be a variable shade that may cause one stamp to look different from another stamp with technically the same color; different shades may have vastly different catalog values
Colorado: became a US territory Feb. 28, 1861, state Aug. 1, 1876; cut from Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico and Utah Territories
Colorant: (Fr.) die
Color Changeling: Changeling
Color de Alhucema: (Sp.) lavender
Colore: (It.) color
Coloreado: (Sp.) tinted, colored
Colored Cancellation: postmark applied to any stamp in any color but black
Colored Line Roulette: perforations indicated by colored dashes printed over the top of the slits, used on stamps of Thurn and Taxis
Colored Paper: color caused by dye added to the paper pulp; used by nations for stamps
Color Error: a stamp printed in a color intended for a different stamp, printed in the wrong color, or color omitted
Color Fast: stamp production inks that are not affected by contact with water, benzine, etc
Color, Fugitive: stamp production inks that are affected by contact with water, benzine, etc
Color Guide: printed set of colors used by collectors to match colors used to print stamps
Color Misregistration: misalignment of multi-color printing plates, resulting in a color appearing out of position; Color Missing, Color Shift
Color Missing: error caused by an intended color not appearing on the finished stamp
Color Omitted: Color Missing
Color, Process: printed reproduction of the three primary colors plus black
Color Proof: stamp impression in approved color(s) before start of production to show how a given design would appear before start of production
Color Range: variety, in shade or tint of color found on various examples of the same stamp
Color Registration: marks of different sizes and shapes used as an aid in properly registering the different colors in the printing process
Color Separation: the process of preparing a separate drawing, engraving, or negative for each color required in the printing of a stamp
Color Shade: commonly used to denote a variation of the same color
Color Shift: variety where one or more colors of a multicolored issue are misaligned
Color Smear: any unintended color that appears on a stamp due to a printing error, aka a freak
Colors, Universal Postal Union: the Washington, DC, 1897 Congress recommended that all member countries standardize colors for the three most-used values in international service; green for single printed matter rate; red for postal card rate, dark blue for single letter rate; there were no recommendations regarding domestic postal rate colors
Color Trials: proof impressions in various colors to aid in color selection for the issued stamp
Color Variations: frequently found on the Giori press on which up to three colors are printed
Colosnah: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-82, Interpostal Seals
Columbian Exposition Registration Stamp: label for 1893 exposition possibly used for registering for drawing or another event
Columbians: nickname applied to set of 16 stamps issued in 1893 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s discovery of the New World; designs used again in 1998
Columbia Postal Supply Co.: manufacturer of canceling machines in use from the 1900s-50s
Columbia, S.C. Paid 5, Post Office 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Columbia, Ten. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Columbus Archipelago: Galapagos Island, stamps could be used throughout Ecuador
Columbus, Ga. Paid 5: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Column: a single-stamp width multiple of stamps from a sheet, pane or booklet in a vertical format; horizontal strips are called “row.”
Columnas: (Sp.) pillar boxes, or mail boxes
Column Total: marginal inscription printed by the post office on stamps of Germany with the face value of the column of stamps
Comandancia: (Sp.) military or naval command, Spanish language country markings
Comares: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1938
Combatientes: (Sp.) combatants, fighting forces used as “Pro Combatientes” in Spanish postal markings
Comayagua: May 1877, Medio Real surcharge for Honduras province
Combi Mail: combination of an airplane and a submarine; mail brought to New York from Chicago, via Erie, Hammondsport and forwarded to Germany on a U-boat
Combinacion: (Sp.) se-tenant
Combination Block: a block of four or more stamps with different perforations on some of the stamps
Combination Cover: 1: an envelope or card with stamps from two or more different countries. 2: cover transported by air and one (or more) other (non-air) primary means in transit to the original destination; such as flight plus surface; postal markings are necessary
Combination Flight Cover: cover flown by two different means in transit to the original destination
Combination Perforations: perforations made by more than one perforating head on the same sheet of stamps
Combination Printing: combination of printing processes such as offset (surface printing) and intaglio (recess printing) to print a stamp; used, for example, on 76¢ 2001 Hattie Caraway issue
Combination Separation: rouletting and perforation combination applied to the same stamp sheet; for example; South Australia 1868-70 2d stamp
Combination Sheet: Michel Catalogue considers items with more than ten different stamp as combination sheets, Block
Combination Sheetlet: Michel Catalogue considers items with seven to ten different stamps as a combination sheetlet; Block
Combination Usage: use of stamps of more than one postal service
Combo FDC: has one or more previously issued stamps added to the cover, with new issue
Comb Perforations: perforations made in stamp sheets in which the holes have been punched three sides at one time, then the machine moves up the sheet to perforate the next row
Comedores Beneficos, Municipales: (Sp.) dining room local tax stamps
Comemorativo da Exposicao de S. Francisco Xavier: inscription with “India 1931” on stamps of Portuguese India to commemorate an exhibition held at Goa
COMEX: Comisión de Expertos Filatélicos (de Barcelona) (Sp.) stamp expert committee
Com-Hamadeh: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880, Interpostal Seals
Comissão Portuguesa de Prisioneiros de Guerra: (Port.) overprint on stamps of Portugal as Franchise stamps used by the for prisoners of war commission
Comité Français de la Liberation National: (Fr.) French Committee for National Liberation, inscription on French Colonies, used with stamps of their own country
Comm: abbreviation for commemorative
Commando Brief: Orange Free State military label, Boer, second South African War, 1899
Commatology: study of postmarks, also known as Marcophily (International usage), Marcophilately
Commemoratif: (Fr.) commemorative
Commemorative: Commemorative Stamp
Commemorative Documentary Stamps: last two US documentary revenue stamps issued 1962-63, to mark the centennial of the Internal Revenue Service
Commemorative Flight: 1: flight tracing all or part of historically important flight. 2: flight or commemoration of an important aviation event
Commemorative Labels: adhesive labels used to commemorate events, etc., some are used as cachets
Commemorative Pane: a pane of stamps where the paper around the stamps (the selvage) has illustrations and text; usually with header across the top or other information about the stamps
Commemorative Panel: USPS panel with each panel devoted to a single subject, includes example of the stamp(s), reproduction of engravings and background information on the issue; started Sept. 20, 1972
Commemorative Postmark: postmark to honor some person, anniversary or historical event, first used by France in 1855
Commemorative Stamp: stamp issued to honor a person, anniversary or historical event, first government adhesive issued was Peru, 1871, in honor of the 20th anniversary of the first railway in South America; first used by US as a stamped envelope of 1876 to celebrate the Centenary of Independence
Commemorative Stamp, Earliest US: the 1893 Christopher Columbus series
Commemorativo: (It., Sp.) commemorative
Commerce: name given to the French colonial issues of May 1881
Commercial Airways: local post, semiofficial air mail, Canada, 1929-30
Commercial Controls Corp.: US postage meter firm, 1944-59, acquired by Friden, Inc
Commercial Cover: a used business envelope, loosely means any cover not of philatelic origin; term used by collectors to indicate a nonphilatelic cover
Commercial Express Co.: local post operated during civil war, New Orleans, La., label, 1865
Commercial Express Line: freight service operated by the Erie Railroad, used a label; 1903
Commercial Union Telegraph Company: issued stamps for firms own telegrams, US, 1876
Commercial Overprints: used on stamps of Great Britain; serve the same purpose as perfins, applied by private firms for security reasons; may be four initials related to the firm, placed in the four corners of British postage stamps
Commisair-Priseur: (Fr.) auctioneer
Commission Consultative des Timbres: (Fr.) stamp advisory committee
Commission d’Administration et de Plebéscite Olszytn Alenstein-Traite de Versailles: overprint on stamps of Germany for Allenstein plebiscite,1920
Commission de Controle Provisôire Korca: inscription on stamps of Albania, 1914
Commission de Gouvernment Haute Silsie: inscription for Upper Silesia plebiscite issue
Commission de Gouvernement Provisoire: Albania
Commission for Technical Cooperation: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1960
Commissioner Provinciale Censura: (It.) Provincial Censor Commission, censor marking
Commission für Retourbriefe (Rückbriefe): (Ger.) inscription for return letters stamps, Bavaria, Nuremberg and Wurttemberg
Commission Interalliée Marienwerder: overprint on stamps of Germany for Marienwerder plebiscite,1920
Committente: (It.) “consignor” inscription on Italian tax revenue stamps
Commodore Shipping: stamps so inscribed were issued in 1961 by Commodore Shipping Co Ltd. to prepay parcel and passenger carried on firm’s ships between Guernsey, Sark and Alderney in the Channel Islands
Commonwealth: 1937 overprint on definitive stamps of the Philippines for new status as a commonwealth of the U.S
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS): a loose federation of independent countries from the former Soviet Union, formed Dec. 8, 1991: includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan
Commonwealths: Dominions of Great Britain renamed Commonwealths of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1947; includes Antigua and Bermuda, Australia, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan (up to 1999), Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vanuatu, Western Samoa, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Commonwealth Stamp Catalogues: British semi-specialized catalogs featuring King George VI and Queen Elizabeth issues
Commun: (Fr.) common
Communicaciones: (Sp.) communications, inscription used on stamps of Spain, Spanish Colonies, 1870-99
Communist China: China
Community Service L.Sc.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Comores: (Fr.) Comoros
Comoros: Southern Africa island between Northern Madagascar and Northern Mozambique; Official name of Postal Administration: Société Nationale des Postes et Télécommunications (SNDT) Currency:100 centimes = 1 franc 1864: first stamps were French Colonies General issues, 1887-1914: stamps of French Colonies issued for islands of Anjouan, Grand Comoro, Mayotte and Moheli, as part of Madagascar; 1892, Nov.: first stamps issued, 1892, Nov.: stamps for Anjouan issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1896: stamps for Mohéli issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1897, Nov.: stamps for Grande Comore, Great Comoro issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1914-46: attached to Madagascar, then became a separate French Overseas Territory, 1914-50: stamps of Madagascar, 1950: No.1, 10 centimes blue, issued their own stamps, 1950: first postage due, air mail stamps issued, 1960: inscription “Archipel des Comores” used, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1975, July 6: inscription “Etat Comorien” State of Comoro, used, except for Mayotte, which chose to remain French, 1976, July 29: joined the UPU, 1977, Nov. 21: inscribed “Republique des Comores” 1979: first official, air mail semipostal stamps issued; now known as Union of Comores
Compagnia Ottomania: (It.) Ottoman Company, Turkish Steamship Company, 1840-62
Companhia de Moçambique: inscription used on stamps by the Mozambique Company, used for one of the territories in Portuguese East Africa
Companhia do Nyassa: inscription used on stamps by the Nyassa Company, used for one of the territories in Portuguese East Africa, 1894
Compania Colombiana de Navegacion Aerea: airline name used as an overprint on private Colombia air mails, internal usage, March 1920; government stamps must be affixed
Compania de Transportes Terrestres Soc. Anon: local post, Colombia Express Companies, 1923-32
Compania Urbana de Transportes: local post, Colombia Express Companies
Company Cachet: cachet applied by a commercial firm in connection with the stamp or postmark on the cover
Compartment Lines: printing variety caused when presses picks up ink during the printing process, appears as lines, dots or dashes in one or more margins of stamps
Competa: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937
Complaisance (Courrier de): (Fr.) favor mail
Completare l’Insieme: (Port.) complete set
Complete Matched Set: a set of plate blocks for every number and pane position possible for a certain stamp
Complete Set (CPL): group of stamps that includes all the values from a series, or all the stamps from a issue
Composite Proof: a single printer’s working proof showing two or more different designs
Composite Sheet: sheet of stamps made up of different values, types or designs
Composite Stamps: different values, types or designs on two or more joined stamps
Compound Card, Envelope: postal stationery that has been impressed with more than one indicium, such as the second US Nesbitt envelope “star die” series; both series made by George F. Nesbitt from 1853 to 1870
Compound (Collective) Deluxe Sheets: multi-stamp deluxe presentation sheets from French-area countries
Compound Perforations: two different perforation measurements on different sides; for example, a stamp of the US 1938 Presidential Series is perforated 10 2 on top and bottom and 11 on both sides. Such stamps are said to be perf. 10 2 x 11
Compound Plates: a set of two plates each of which contain a part of the entire design
Compre ud. Café de Costa Rica: (Sp.) overprint in 1923 on stamps of Costa Rica as plea to buy Cost Rican coffee
Comptant: (Fr.) in cash
Compulsory Postage Due Labels: labels affixed to mail when charity stamps were not used; Portugal, Romania and Yugoslavia
Computer-Generated Postage: the use of Internet connections and laser printers to print postage on envelopes
Computer Stamps: term originally used as synonym for automatic stamps from automatic vending machines, or Frama labels
Computer Vended Postage: stamp denomination printed by a computer as the stamp is issued
COMSS: California, Oregon and Mexico Steam Ship Co.,1867 handstamp on mail from Hawaii
Comstock, W. H.: US medicine stamp inscription; Private Die Proprietary Stamps
Comté: (Fr.) country
Común: (Sp.) common
Comune: (It.) common
Comune di Campione: (It.) local post issue of Italy for town on Lake Lugano, used 1944-52
Comunicaciones: (Sp.) inscription on early revenue issues of Spain, which allows them to be used for reference purposes, postal use is implied and understood
Conant’s Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Newbury, Maine, used a label; 1852
Con Avanzo di Linguella: (It.) hinge remnant
Co. Nazionaldi Liberazione: local Italian liberation issue, c1944
Concentration Camp Mail: mail from the concentration camps established by the Nazi regime in Germany and other countries during World War II
Concentration Camp Stamps: issued by German government for inmates to send to relatives for mailing parcels to the camp; or by inmates to use as a local post
Concessional Stamps: sold by Italian post office to private firms to deliver mail for a small fee per item, July 1928
Con Charnela: (Sp.) hinged
Conch Republic: propaganda labels for secession of the Florida Keys in 1982 to protest roadblocks by the US Border patrol to catch illegal immigrants
Con-Con: CONcentration and CONvoy of registered mail, controlled conditions, USPS term
Concord: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1969
Concordance: term used by maximum card collectors to indicate the three elements, view card, stamp and cancel, necessary to qualify as a maximum card
Concord Bicycle Co.: vignette used for franking parcels, USA
Concord Coach: built for transportation of mail and passengers at Concord, N.H., 1851
Concorde Emergency M.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Concours: (Fr.) competition, stamp show
Concours des Devises Cooperative: (Fr.) label for customer cooperative retail stores in Europe during 1920s-30s
Condicion: (Sp.) Condition
Condition: the quality of a stamp regarding color, centering, cancellation, and gum (if mint) go into making up the term “condition.” Typical condition descriptions are Superb, Very Fine, Fine, Good, Average, or Poor. “Superb” means that stamp is perfect
Condition of Sale: printed in an auction catalog, (or as “Terms of Sale”) with the legal terms of contract binding the buyer purchasing at the auction; terms may be subject to amendment at the time of the auction
Condizione: (It.) Condition
Condominium: 1: territory ruled by more than one power; stamps may be bilingual. 2: New Caledonia overprint to note joint government by France and England
Condominium des Nouvelles Hebrides: (Fr.) New Hebrides
Condor: Brazil, private air mail carrier
Condorzusatz: (Ger.) additional postage for forwarding via Condor airlines
Confederate Dead Letter Office: established by the Southern States, June 1, 1861
Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals: stamps and envelopes issued by individual postmasters between June 1, 1861 and Oct. 16, 1861 when Confederate Government stamps became available
Confederate States of America: United States Confederate States, 1861, June 1: use of US stamps stopped for the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, 1861, June 1-Oct. 16: Confederate provisional stamps and postmarks used, 1861, Oct. 16:1861: No. 1 5¢ green, first Confederate government stamps appeared, 3¢ Postmaster’s Provisionals; issued stamps used by the seceding states prior to the control of the postal service by the Confederate States of America; Hillsboro, N.C., Jackson, Miss., Madison Court House, Fl., Nashville, Tenn., Selma, Ala., and Tuscumbia, Ala
Confederation Helvetica: Switzerland
Confédérés (Etats): (Fr.) Confederate States (USA)
Confed. Granadina: inscription on Colombia, Granadine Confederation, 1859
Confe’on Argentina: inscription first issue of Argentina, 1858-60
Confirm: USPS mail tracking and reporting system for letter mail utilizing a new barcode called the Planet; Planet
Confoederatio Helvetica: inscription National Fete Day, semipostal, Switzerland, 1838-post
Cong Hua Mien Nam: Vietnam
Congo: International Association of the Upper Congo, local post,1884
Congo Belge: overprint on stamps of the Belgian Congo, 1908-10, Zaire
Congo, Democratic Republic: Central Africa, Northeast of Angola, aka Congo; Official name of Postal Administration: Congolais des Postes et Télécommunications (OCPT) Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 sengi = 1 li-kuta, 100 makuta = 1 zaira (1967) 1960, June 30: became independent republic, No. 1, 10 centimes deep plum and ocher; first issue, Congo overprint on stamps of Belgium, 1961, July 5: joined the UPU, 1963, Mar. 21: first semipostal stamp issued, 1963, June 29: Katanga reunited with the Congo, 19, Dec. 8: some stamps used Congo Democratic Republic, 1967: first air mail stamp issued, 1971, Oct. 28: name changed to Republic of Zaire, 1997: name changed to Congo Democratic Republic, Belgian Congo, Zaire
Congo. Français: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, 1891, French Congo
Congo Français Gabon: (Fr.) Gabon
Congo, Indian Forces: 1962, Jan.15: “U. N. Force (India) Congo”overprint on stamps of India for use in Congo
Congo (Kinshasa): 1964: “Republique Populaire” overprint on stamps of the Congo by rebels in Stanleyville
Congo, People’s Republic: Congo, Republic of
Congo, Portuguese: Congo
Congo, People’s Republic: Western Africa, between Angola and Gabon; Official name of Postal Administration: Société des Postes et de l’Epargne du Congo Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1886, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1910-pre: part of French Congo, 1910: declared a separate colony, joined with Gabon, Ubangi-Shari and Chad Territories, 1934: incorporated as French Equatorial Africa, 1958-pre: joined with other colonies to form French Equatorial Africa, 1958, Nov. 28: became member state of the French Community, 1959: No.1, 25 francs, brown-claret, first stamp issued, 1960, Aug. 15: independence within French Community as the Congo Republic, 1960: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, Dec. 4: first postage due stamp issued, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1968: first official stamp issued, 1970, Jan. 3: became the People’s Republic of the Congo, 1970, July 20: No. 1, 15 francs green, ocher and red-brown, 1970, Nov. 28: stamps issued as People’s Republic of the Congo, 1990: name changed back to Republic of the Congo
Congratulations Fall of Bataan and Corregidor: overprint on stamps of Philippines, Japanese occupation, 1942
Congreso de la Union Postal Panamericana: (Sp.) Pan-American Postal Union Congress, 1931
Congreso de los Diputados: (Sp.) Spain’s official free frank stamps for its parliament, 1895-98
Congreso Internacional de Ferrocarriles: (Sp.) International Congress of Railways
Congress Book: annual publication of the American Philatelic Congress, each issue contains five to ten original research articles
Conio: (It.) die, a block of metal that has been hand or machine engraved from which plates are prepared to print stamps
Conjoined: stamp design depicting two or more busts or heads facing in the same direction
Conjunto: (Sp.) selection, or lot (of stamps)
Conn.: abbreviation for Connecticut prior to Zip Code usage
Connecting (or Connection) Flight: cover on a flight dedicated to making connection for mail / passengers with another flight, prior to departure or at a specific mid-route point
Connecticut: became a state Jan. 9, 1788
Connell Stamp: 1860, postmaster Charles Connell, Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada ordered stamps with his likeness in place of Queen Victoria; stamp not sold, Connell resigned
Connolly Association: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971
Connu: (Fr.) known (quantity)
Con Numeración en el Reverso: (Sp.) with control numbering on the back
Conseil de l’Europe: (Fr.) Council of Europe, France official issue inscription / overprint for mail from headquarters, Strasbourg, first issue Jan. 14, 1958
Conseil Municipal de Vinebre: inscription for a postal tax from Vinebre, Catalonia, Spain issued during Spanish Civil War 1938-39
Consider Grand Rapids: poster stamp issued to promote the Michigan city
Consigner’s Contract: the legal and binding signed document of agreement between the auctioneer and the owner of the philatelic properties being consigned to the auctioneer
Consignment: material given to a stamp dealer by a collector (consignor), who also states price required; the dealer then proceeds to sell it for the collector, or consignor, pays the consignor, less a commission to the dealer for handling the material
Consiliul Europei: (Rom.) label attached to a Romanian stamp commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Council of Europe
Consnantinople: variety; 1909-14: stamps of the Russian Levant overprinted “Constantinople”
Consolidated Delivery: local parcel serviced Los Angeles, Calif. Used labels
Consommation: a grey, granite paper used for French war-time stamps, 1917-20
Constant: term used to describe a variety that appears in the same position on every sheet
Constanti: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Constantina: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937
Constantinopie: variety; 1909-14: stamps of the Russian Levant overprinted “Constantinople.”
Constantinople (Stamboul): now known as Istanbul; 1748: Austria and Russia established a post office, 1837, May 1-Aug. 1914; 1919-July 1923: French post office in Ottoman Empire opened, used stamps of France, 1830-Sep. 30, 1914: Russian post office opened, 1857-85: British post offices used British stamps with “C” and “S,” 1863-67: used stamps of Lombardy-Venetia (Austrian Italy), 1870, Mar.: Germany opened a post office, 1917, 1873: Italian post office established, 1873-81: stamps of Turkey overprinted for local post use within city, 1885-1914: British post offices used stamps of British Levant, 1896-1919: stamps of Romania overprinted “Constantinopol,” 1909-14: No.1, 10 paras green, stamps of Italy overprinted “Costantinopoli,” 1909: first separately overprinted stamps issued, 1909-14: stamps of the Russian Levant overprinted “Constantinople,” 1919, May-1923: Poland issued stamps for their consulate, 1919: stamps of Romania overprinted with “Posta Romana Constantinopol,” 1919-23: stamps of Italy overprinted “Costantinopoli” used again; Greece and Egypt also had office in this city
Constantinople & Danube Line of Steamers: fleet of ships for trade between Constantinople and the Black Sea Ports, 1869
Constantinopol: overprint on stamps of Romania, 1896-1919:
Constantinopoli: overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices in Turkish Empire
Constantinopol-Posta Romana: overprint on stamps of Romania, Offices in Turkey
Constant mat variety: an irregular feature present in the image area of the precancel mat; variety occurs at regular intervals on the finished product
Constant plate variety (CPV): any printed variety of the intended design caused by an irregular feature in the printing base; occurs at fixed intervals on coils
Constant variety: a printing variety which appears in the same position of every sheet printed from that plate
Constatine Postal Serv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Constitutional Post: Constitutional Post Office established by Congress 1775
Construccion: overprint on stamps of Guatemala for a postal tax
Consulaire: (Fr.) consular. Consular post office: post offices in the Turkish Empire and China for which specially overprinted stamps were issued
Consular Mail: inscription O.H.M.S., O.H.M.S., unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001
Consular overprints: semi-official stamps issued by SCADTA, Colombian airline, 1921-23, sold at Colombian consulates to prepay postage within Colombia on mail sent from abroad; overprints on the stamps applied to indicate the originating country. A is Germany, A-U is Argentina or Uruguay, B is Belgium, Bo is Bolivia, Br. Is Brazil, C is Cuba, CR is Costa Rica, Ca is Canada, Ch is Chile, D is Denmark, E is Spain, EU is United States, F is France, GB is Great Britain, I is Italy, H is Netherlands, P is Panama, PE is Peru, SU is Sweden, S is Switzerland and V is Venezuela
Consular post office: post offices in the Turkish Empire and China for which specially overprinted stamps were issued
Consular service fee stamps: stamps affixed to documents showing payment of specific fees for various duties of consular officers
Consumer advocate: USPS officer who represents the interests of the individual mail user
Contaminated ink: foreign matter appearing on a printed stamp
Continental Balloon Post: a cover front bearing an imprinted “Hamilton Balloon” stamp, addressed “Continental Balloon Post” and with non-postal markings for Paris and Marseille, ostensibly from 1870, was sold as lot 1037 at Cherrystone Auctions Sale 1203, Dec. 17, 2003
Continental Bank Note Company: security printer; 1873, May 1: successor to US stamp printing contract from the National Bank Note Co., 1879, Feb. 4: merged into the American Bank Note Company
Continental Congress: resolved that post riders be stationed at 25 or 30 mile intervals along post roads, stages traveling three times a week,1776
Continental Postage Meter Co.: U.S. postage meter firm, 1928-31, acquired by Gold Seal Electric Co. in 1930, changed name to U.S. Postal Meter Co. in 1931
Continental Route: via New York and San Francisco; UPU permitted a surcharge on mail traveling this route in 1881-82
Continentals: old term used to describe the common European stamps of the 1800s
Continente: (Port.) inscription of postage due, Portugal
Contingency stamp: stamp printed at time of a rate change when current issues may not meet postal needs
Continuous Die Cut: a die cut without any interruptions. Die Cut, Interrupted Die Cut
Continuous line: unbroken British Jubilee line, Jubilee Line
Continuous overprint: an overall design without regard for placement on any particular stamp
Continuous watermark: an overall design without regard for placement on any certain stamp
Contract Air Mail (CAM): carriage of mail within the U.S. by a commercial airline on routes authorized by postal and federal authorities; refers to airmail routes July 1926-Feb. 1934; new contracts began in May 1934, but route number differed and these are referred to as “Air Mail Routes.”
Contract station: a sub-unit of a larger post office which is contracted to a private individual, usually located in private business establishment
Contraffazione: (It.) counterfeit, fake, forgery
Contramarca: (Sp.) Ecuador control overprint
Contraseña/Estampillas de Correo: overprint on Escuelas (school) issues for provisional use, Venezuela, 1874
Contrassegno: (It.) cash on delivery, C.O.D
Contratacion de Moneda: (Sp.) marking on covers of Banco de España, foreign currency
Contrefaçon: (Fr.) counterfeit, fake, forgery
Contre remboursement: (Fr.) cash on delivery, COD
Control: figures and/or letters printed in a stamp sheet margin to indicate accounting time, distribution and any other manufacturing data, may appear on backs of stamps. – overprints, perfins and underprints to prevent use of stolen stamps
Controlle 1922: overprint on stamps of Persia (Iran) as a pictorial postcard tax, 1922
Controlled issue: stamps, although sanctioned by a postal authority, were controlled by someone else, such as the printer
Controlled mail: mail from one source to another where the sender gets the stamps returned that are used on the mail
Control letters or numbers: inscription on margin of stamp sheet to denote the printing plate or cylinder on which the sheet was printed
Control marks: marks placed on the stamp or in the sheet margin by postal authorities for accounting purposes
Control number: numbers printed on backs of stamp (Spain), or tabs (Tonga) for internal control
Control overprint: when a large theft of stamps occurs, postal authorities overprinted remaining stamps and the use of any stamps which have not been overprinted was forbidden
Convenience overpayment: 1: affixing overfranking as postage when exact amount is unavailable. 2: used for currency control post-World War II, Germany
Control perfin: a perforation made by an affixing machine through the face of a Schermack coil
Convention, Postal: Universal Postal Union agreement, signed by a postal official and ratified by the head of government
Convention rate: a special postal rate negotiated between one country and another, aka Treaty Rate
Convention States: convention status states in the Empire of India: Chamba, Faridot, Gwalior, Jind, Nabha and Patiala; each state had its own overprints on stamps of India, 1950: regular stamps of India replaced all the convention states’ issue
Convertible booklet: USPS technical specification for a pane of stamps that may be folded into a booklet after removal of the two narrow selvage strips
Convertible mark: currency unit in Bosnia & Herzegovina
Convon Natle: (Fr.) national convention
Convoyeur(s): (Fr.) carrier (of mail on railroad), postmark of postal agent on train
Coo: Dodecanese Sea, Aegean Islands; 16th century-post: Turkish rulers, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint “CASO” on stamps of Italy, followed by name of island, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issues, 1930, 1932: overprint “COO” used on two sets, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1945, June 25: British post offices opened, stamps of Britain overprinted “M.E.F.” (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947, Mar. 31: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece overprinted “S.D.D.” (Dodecanese Military Occupation), S.D.D. 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used
Coo, Cos, Kos: see: Cos
Cook & Bernheimer: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp
Cook-Inseln: (Ger.) Cook Islands
Cook Islands: islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of New Zealand; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1967) 1892, May 7: No.1, 1 penny black, first stamps, 1901: became a dependency of New Zealand, 1903-32: separate stamp issues by Aitutaki and Penrhyn, 1919-32: stamps inscribed/overprinted “Rarotonga” name of main island, 1966, Apr. 22: first air mail stamp issued, 1968, Feb. 12: first semipostal stamp issued, 1975: first official stamp issued; Aitutaki, Niue and Penrhyn
Cook Islands: overprint 30 June 1948 Atomic Test Bikini Atoll, part of set of eleven overprints, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001
Cook Islands – United Kingdom S.M.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Cook Land: bogus North Pole issue in early 1900s
Cooköarna: (Swed.) the Cook Islands
Cook Øerne: (Dan.) the Cook Islands
Cook’s Dispatch: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md, 1853
Cooland: 1924 European cinderella used on private postcards that did not go through the mail
Coolgardie Cycl Express: bicycle service operated in Western Australia in the 1890s, issued local stamps
Coon’s (J.G.) Carting Express: private freight firm serviced Buffalo, N.Y., used a label, year unknown
Coop & Co’s Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn and New York City; used a label, year unknown
Cooperation: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1964
Co-operative Delivery Service: local parcel firm serviced unknown area; used a stamp
Cooper’s Express: local post serviced Boston and Lawrence, Mass.; used a label; 1865?
Copa Mundial de Fútbol: (Sp.) World Soccer Cup, topic
COPD: Canadian Overseas Postal Depot
Copenhagen – Lauritzen & Thaulow Local Post: Copenhagen (Dan., København) is the largest city and capital of Denmark located on E coast of Sjælland Island and N portion of Amager Island. Local post established by S. Lauritzen and T. Thaulow, with first “Kjobenhavns by og Hus Telegraf / By Post” local stamps issued 1 September 1880, and with numerous others issued through August 1889. Several other local posts operated during this period, to include: Adam’s Express , Expres-Compagni , Kjobenhavn’s Pakke Expedition , Kjobemhavns Telefon-Kiosker , and Vester- Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn (q.v. individual Copenhagen Local Post entries)
Copenhagen – Adam’s Expres Local Post: Danish local post established by the Adam’s Express Company, with first “Adams Expres / Kjøbenhavn” local stamps issued in 1888, and with a second different design set-of-5 issued in 1891
Copenhagen – Expres-Compagni Local Post: Danish local post established in 1880, with first “Universal Expres / Pakke Frimk.” local stamps issued on 1 September, and with several others issued through January 1882
Copenhagen Foot Post: Founded by the General Postal Authorities in Copenhagen, Denmark, on March 1806. H. E. Riegels employed as postmaster until 1 April 1809, on which date he took over the operation on his own account. Privately operated under the general postal authorities until 14 May 1849, when the Danish Royal Post re-assumed control, continuing to operate the service until 1876. Mails carried by the service had various types of handstamps, primarily a version of “F.P.” letters, similar devices except with added dating, or an identifying single-ring cds
Copenhagen – Kjobenhavn’ Pakke Expedition Local Post: Danish local post established in 1901 with set of different value local stamps depicting “weighing scales with the value on a parcel in the left pan” issued in the same year
Copenhagen – Kjobenhavns Telefon-Kiosker: Danish local post established at an unknown turn-of-the-2oth century date, with a set-of-5 local stamps issued, the stamps having several printings distinguished by coarseness or fineness of the print, their shades, and the paper types
Copenhagen – Lauritzen & Thaulow Local Post: Copenhagen (Dan., København) is the largest city and capital of Denmark located on E coast of Sjælland Island and N portion of Amager Island. Local post established by S. Lauritzen and T. Thaulow, with first “Kjøbenhavns by og Hus Telegraf / By Post” local stamps issued 1 September 1880, and with numerous others issued through August 1889. Several other local posts operated during this period, to include: Adam’s Express, Expres-Compagni, Kjobenhavn’s Pakke Expedition, Kjobemhavns Telefon-Kiosker, and Vester-Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn (q.v. individual Copenhagen Local Post entries)
Copenhagen-Roskilde Flight: Denmark – Copenhagen-Roskilde Flight, 1914
Copenhagen – Vester-Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn: Danish local post established in 1880, with a set-of-3 local stamps issued during the same year, and with a second set-of-2 local stamps being issued in December 1885. The stamps were used by the parcel delivery company conducting business in the western, northern, and eastern suburbs of Copenhagen. The service was taken over by the Lauritzen & Thaulow company in March 1887
COPO: Council of Philatelic Organizations, USA
Copper plate engraving: recessed design engraved upon or transferred to a copper plate, printed impressions show raised lines, now almost entirely superceded by engraving on steel plates; copper plate engraving persisted until recently in France
Coppia: (It.) pair
Coppia invertita: (It.) tete-beche pair
Coppia orizzontale: (It.) horizontal pair
Coppia verticale: (It.) vertical pair
Copyright: standard inscription placed in the sheet margin legally protecting design from duplication by unauthorized persons or firms. Designs of U.S. stamps issued after Jan. 1, 1978 may not be reproduced for commercial purposes except under license granted by the USPS. Designs of U.S. stamps issued prior to 1978 are in the public domain
Copyright block: a margin block of stamps with a copyright notice, started in 1978
Coquille: (Fr.) misprint. – printing cylinder part
Coralit: (It.) Corrièri Alta Italia, North Italian Couriers bicycle posts in Italy, 1944- 45: in Feb.1945, used mail franked with local stamps and Italian postage stamps
CorAllt: Corrieri Alta Italia, Italian local issue, 1944-45
Coral Sea Islands Territory: bogus, islands off the coast of Queensland
Corbeil’s Private Post: bogus, Canada, sometime in the 1800s
Corbera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Cordial stamps: stamps used on bottles or cases of cordials to pay the US Internal Revenue Tax
Cordillera: (Sp.) Spanish system in late 1700s where each government unit was responsible for forwarding or circulating official mail to the next unit
Cordoba: 1): Argentine province; 1858, Oct. 28: first stamps issued, 1865: replaced by stamps of the central government; 2): local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican, 1936-37
Cordova: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1856-83
Core : strip of brown paper attached to the last stamp on a roll of coil stamps
Corea, (Sp.) Korea
Corean: (Rom) Korean (adj.)
Coree du Nord: (Fr.) North Korea
Coree du Sud: (Fr.) South Korea
Corfou: (Fr.) Corfu
Corfu: island in Ionian Sea, opposite Greek-Albanian border; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira, 100 lepta = 1 drachma 1859: No. 1, 1/2 penny orange, 1864: ceded to Greece by Britain, 1916-18: stamps of France with control handstamp Postes Serbes used on Serbian military mail sent through French military postal system, 1917: Corfu issue, surcharge, 1917-18: stamps of Greece surcharged and overprinted, 1922: occupied by Italy (Kerkyra), 1923: overprinted stamps of Italy issued for use on island, 1941: overprinted stamps of Greece issued, 1941: Italian occupation issue had Greek stamps overprinted “Corfu,” 1943: Germany took over occupation from Italy, used stamps of Greece, 1943: stamps of Greece re-introduced; Ionian Islands
Corisco: Spanish island colony off coast of Africa; 1868: used stamps of Fernando Poo, 1903 to 1909: issued their own stamps, 1909: Spanish Guinea, then stamps of Rio Muni; see: Eloby, Annobon and Corisco
Cork & Macroom Direct Railway: Ireland local post
Cork, Bandon & South Coast Railway: Ireland local post
Cork, Blackrock & Passage Railway: Ireland local post
Cork cancels: obliterators made from corks in fancy or plain designs
Cornella de llobregat: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Corner blocks: a block of stamps taken from the corner of a sheet or pane and identified by the paper margin on two adjacent sides of the block
Corner card: imprinted name and address of the envelope user, usually placed in the upper left hand corner; an illustration may accompany the printed address
Corner fold: a corner of a sheet of stamps becomes folded during printing process on a sheet- fed press
Corner letters: letters in the bottom two corners on early stamps of Great Britain; intended as a security measure against forgery; also known as check letters
Corner stamp: stamp from the corner of the sheet (1887 definition)
Cornice: (It.) frame
Corning & Tappan: U.S. private die perfumery proprietary stamp
Cornish National Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Cornwell’s Madison Square Post office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1856
Coro and la Vela: local, Venezuela, 1867-89
Corocco: state near Chile used in 1913 book Clue of the Postage Stamp by Arthur Bray, bogus stamp affixed to book cover
Corona: 1. (It., Sp.) crown; 2. Dalmatia overprint on stamps of Italy; also Austria, Italian Occupation
Coronation: common design on stamps of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1937, 1953
Coronation issue: series of stamps issued to commemorate the coronation of a king or queen
Coroncine: (It.) nickname of Italian stamps with a small crown overprint, 1934
COROS: Collectors of Religion on Stamps, USA
Corporate printing: commercial printing of actual stamp, printed in a different color from the final stamps, and overprinted with the company name and “specimen” or equivalent
Cor postal: (Fr.) post-horn
Corps Expeditionnaire/Franco-Anglais/Cameroun: overprint on stamps of Gabon whose inscriptions read “Congo Francais” and “Afrique Equatoriale,” 1915
Correio: Brazil and Portugual word for posts. – (With no country name and denominations in “Reis”) Portugal
Correio Aereo: Portuguese for air mail posts
Correios e Telegraphos: (Port.) Post and Telegraph
Correio India: inscription of stamps of Portuguese India
Correo(s): (Sp.) mail, post, postage
Correo(s) Aereo, Aéreo: (Sp.) airmail
Correo Aereo Interior: Dominican Republic domestic airmail
Correo Ambulante: (Sp.) traveling post office (T.P.O.)
Correo Certificado: (Sp.) registered mail
Correo Chanadina: Colombia
Correo de campaña: (Sp.) field post, field post office. – also stamps prepared in1939 but never issued
Correo de Chile via Aeria B. Aires Agosto 5, 1919: handstamp on covers carried by Italian pilot Lt. Antonio Locatelli on a flight from Santiago to Buenos Aires
Correo de Coro a la Vela y viceversa: label for town in Venezuela that had a private postal service operating by rail between Coro and La Vela about 1867
Correo de la Corona: (Sp.) Spanish Royal Mail Service, 15th century
Correo de paloma: (Sp.) pigeon post
Correo di lata: (Sp.) tin can mail
Correo Espanol Marruecos: Spain, Offices in Morocco
Correo Espanol Tanger: Spanish Morocco for International City of Tangiers
Correo Interior: (Sp.) local mail, posted and delivered in same city or town, Spain 1853 issue
Correo Maritimo: (Sp.) ship post
Correo Mayores: (Sp.) privately run colonial postal system established in the New World in 1767
Correos de cohete: (Sp.) rocket mail
Correos des Infectado: (Sp.) mail from possible infected areas
Correos de la Chimba: local ship post, Bolivia
Correos de los EE. UU. De Venuz: inscription on stamps of United States of Venezuela, 1865-70
Correos fonopostal: (Sp.) recorded disks sent by mail; stamp, issued by Argentina, 1939
Correos franco: (Sp.) post paid
Correos 1854 Y 55: Philippines, Spanish Dominion
Correos Maritimos de la Estado: (Sp.) maritime delivery established in1764 in Spain to provide mail delivery to the various Spanish colonies
Correos Nacionales: (Sp.) Colombia
Correos Oaxaca: Mexican State of Oaxaca
Correo Submarino: (Sp.) submarine mail; 1938, one voyage took place; Barcelona to Mahón and back via Marseilles
Correos y Telegrafos, Correos y Telegs: (Sp.) Argentina inscription for mail and telegraph, 19th century issues
Correo Urbano: (Sp.) local post
Correo Urbano de Bogota: Colombia (for City of Bogota)
Correspondencia a Debe: (Sp.) inscription on stamps of Panama for postage due
Correspondencia Falta de Franqueo: (Sp.) unstamped letter
Correspondencia Sibrante: (Sp.) undelivered mail, return to sender
Correspondencia Urgente: (Sp.) special delivery inscription, found on Express Letter stamps of Spain
Correos Urbanos Medellin: Colombia local issue for state of Medellin
Correo Urgente: (Sp.) express delivery
Correspondence art: labels designed to simulate stamps
Correspondencias registradas: (Sp.) appears on seals to indicate registration
Corriente: (Sp.) normal, or average, common as opposed to rare
Corriere scatola di latta: (It.) tin can mail
Corrosion stain: a printing variety caused by corrosion on a metal plate
Cortado por mitad: (Sp.) bisect
Corrientes: province in Argentina; 1856, Aug. 21-Sep. 11: first stamps issued. 1880, Aug. 21: replaced by stamps of Argentina
Corsair Express: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Corse: (Fr.) Corsica
Cortado: (Sp.) cut close
Cortado a serpentina: (Sp.) serpentine roulette
Corte: (Sp.) tear
Corte de lineas: (Sp.) roulette
Cortegana: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37
Cortes de la Frontera: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37
Corumbela: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37
Coruna: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican, 1936-37
Cory and Smith Parcel Delivery: local parcel firm serviced an unknown area; used a stamp, year unknown
Cos: Dodecanese Island, Aegean Sea; 16th century-post: Turkish rulers, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: overprint “Egeo” on stamps of Italy, followed by name of island, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issues, 1930, 1932: overprint “Coo” used on two sets, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by allied forces, 1945-47: stamps of Britain overprinted MEF (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947: stamps of Greece overprinted SDD (Dodecanese Military Occupation), 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used
Cosme Colony: Paraguay bogus overprint for Australian settlement
Cosmonaut: astronauts of the former Soviet Union
Cosmos: (Fr.) space
COSSU: Chess-on-Stamps Study Unit
Costa Atlantica B: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Nicaragua for use in province of Zelaya, 1907
Costa Atlantica C: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Nicaragua for use in province of Cabo Gracias A Dios, 1907
Costa de Marfil: (Sp.) Ivory Coast
Costa de Oro: (Sp.) Gold Coast
Costa Rica: Central America; currency:8 reales = 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 centimos = 1 colon (1900) 1821-pre: under Spanish rule, 1821: part of the United Provinces of Central America, 1838: became independent republic, 1863, Mar.: No.1, 1/2 reis blue, first stamps issued, 1883: first official stamp issued, 1883, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1885-89: stamps of Costa Rica overprinted with “Guanacaste” to celebrate sovereignty, 1903: first postage due stamp issued, 1919, June 4: U.S. Marines land during revolution, 1922: first semipostal stamp issued, 1926, June 4: first air mail stamp issued
Cote: (Fr.) price, valuation, quotation
Côte de Somalis: (Fr.) inscription used on stamps of Somali Coast, 1894-1902
Côte d’Ivoire: (Fr.) Ivory Coast
Côte d’Or.: (Fr.) Gold Coast
Côte Francais des Somalis: (Fr.) French Somali Coast
Côtele: (Fr.) paper that resembles laid paper but the variation is obtained by mechanical means and is not in the paper paste
Côte vue (carte postale): (Fr.) picture side of post card
Cottbus: local, German Democratic Republic, 1945-46
Cotton fiber: a strong and stable fiber that provides archival qualities to paper
Cotton Order Stamps: stamps produced by the BEP for a subsidy program that permitted low income families to buy goods made with cotton
Cotton reels: first circular issues of British Guiana named due their similarity to the labels on reels of sewing cotton, 1850-51
Cottrell Press: single-color webfed intaglio press used at the BEP starting in 1956; officially known as Presses 801, 802, 803, 804 and 805
Couché (papier): (Fr.) chalky (paper), coated
Coudekerque: city in northern France; 1940: German overprint on French stamps used
Couleur: (Fr.) color
Counani, Free State of: bogus labels in 1886, 1893 and 1904 for all the land north of the Amazon River
Counter auction: material on display in showroom of stamp dealer with a specified closing date, starting bid; customer sees previous bid and can enter his/her registered number (given by stamp dealer), and enter a higher bid before closing date and time
Counterfeit: an imitation or forgery of a genuine postage stamp or postal marking that has been created to defraud the collector or government
Counterfeit money: post office handstamp “Official Notice” warning recipient that envelope may contain counterfeit money and letter with contents should be returned to the local post office; contents known as “green goods” to postal officials; prevalent in late 1800s
Counterfeit, postal: forgery of a stamp produced to defraud a postal administration of the postage used for mailing
Counterfoil: receipt half of a two-part stamp, usually parcel post issues, one half affixed to the mail pieces, other half kept by sender as receipt
Counting numbers: Cottrell Press used them when printing coil stamps. – numbers jet-sprayed on backs of coil stamps at regular intervals
Country: collections specializing in the postal issues of one nation
Country code: the address abbreviation to designate the destination country for international mail; while there has been no officially mandated code, the UPU has established a set of abbreviations which are generally accepted, such as A = Austria, D = Germany, CH = Switzerland, etc
Country name: Universal Postal Union regulations of 1874 decreed that all stamps destined for international use must have the country name inscribed; only exception being that of Great Britain which could use the effigy of the reigning monarch
Coupé (en deux): (Fr.) cut (bisected)
Coupe’s Express: local post serviced Washington State, used a label; 1864-74
Coupon: term for a non-postal label attached to a postage stamp, first used in Czechoslovakia in 1930
Coupon Réponse International (CRI): (Fr.) international reply coupon
Coupure: (Fr.) cut-square
Courant: (Fr.) common
Courant (timbre d’usage): (Fr.) current, regular use, definitive
Courcelles de Tour: local provisional, France, 1944
Courier: local, Chemnitz, Germany, 1907
Courier 1971 Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Courier services: delivery services operated by governments for official mail; labels, cachets and stationery have been utilized for this purpose
Courland: 1945, Apr.: four German stamps overprinted; see: Kurland
Couronne: (Fr.) crown
Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale: overprint on stamps of Netherlands for mail from International Court of Justice, 1934, amended to “Cour Internationale de Justice.”
Courrier: (Fr.) the mail, post, mail boat, mail system
Courrier-convoyeur(s): (Fr.) postal agent(s) on a train
Courrier d’bidon: (Fr.) tin can mail
Courrier de la Societé des Nations: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations
Courrier du Bureau International d’Education: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Switzerland for International Bureau of Education
Courrier du Bureau International du Travail: (Fr.) 1: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for International Labor Bureau. 2: Commissioner of Police, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 3: overprint on stamps of Ivory Coast for parcel post. 4: overprint on stamps of Colombia, sold in Costa Rica to frank mail carried by SCADTA airlines
Courrier Maritime: (Fr.) ship mail
Courseur (pour Pneumatique): (Fr.) bullet (for pneumatic post)
Court Bureau: local printed in London, 1890, to prepay services for collection of mail on Sundays and delivered to railroad stations for delivery on Mondays, 1890-91
Court de marge: (Fr.) cut close
Courte (series): (Fr.) incomplete set with high values missing
Courtesy air mail: foreign origin mail accepted for airmail service without an international postal treaty or agreement to accept it
Courtesy reply mail (CRM): preaddressed return envelope or postcard that mailers supply to a customer for reply; the customer pays the postage, USPS term
Courtland, Al. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters’ Provisionals
Courvoisier, Helio SA: printing firm in Switzerland, formed in 1880, that has printed stamps for more than 70 postal administrations, closed April 30, 2001
Coutinho, Carlos Viegas Gago: common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1967
Couvert: (Ger.) envelope, cover
Couverture(s): (Fr.) cover(s) (of booklets)
Cov.: abbreviation for cover
Covel coils: privately perforated second Bureau issue coil stamps made by the Covel Mfg. Co. using a Rossback perforator
Cover: 1. any postally used envelope, folded letter sheet, postal card or other piece of postal stationery. 2. an envelope or item of postal stationery that has been canceled as a souvenir. 3: Brief (Ger.), Lettre, Entier (Fr.), Lettera, Busa (It.), Carta, Sobre (Sp.)
Cover census: a long-term study to determine relative scarcity of certain stamps on cover or piece, with details regarding dates, postmarks, addresses, etc
Covered Wagon Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Cover face: an envelope’s front portion that has been cut away from rest of envelope
Cowan paper: a thin, hard, wove paper without watermark; made by A. Cowan and Sons, Ltd, London for 1902 New Zealand stamps
Cow Post: Kuhpost, mail service operated between Rothenuffeln and Hille in Germany in 1878
Cox: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Coyanza: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937
CP: coated paper
C. P.: 1. Campbell Paterson Catalog of New Zealand. 2. commemorative panel; Scott Catalogue number suffix to identify stamps other than standard postage
CPASC: Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps; see: RCASC
CPC: Canadian Postal Corps, Canada Post Corporation
CPGHNA (looks like): inscription on stamps of Serbia
Cpl: see: Complete set
CPNY: Censorship Passed New York, military mail marking
CPO: USPS term for Community post office, operated by persons who are not postal employees
C Press: a three-color intaglio Giori webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1982; officially called Press 901
CPU: USPS term for contract postal unit, operated under contract by persons who are not postal employees
CPV: see: Constant plate variety
CQ: airmail parcel post; Scott Catalogue number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage
C Press: three-color Goebel intaglio press used by the BEP
CR: 1. Caledonian Railway. 2. Cacabau Rex, native king of Fiji, 1871-74 issues. 3. Costa Rica, country code as used by UPU
Craciun: (Rom.) Christmas
Cracked gum: small particles in the gum caused by hand-rolling the sheets, or by age and atmosphere conditions
Cracked plate: stamps that show evidence that the plate from which they were printed was cracked
Crack out: opening of the plastic case containing an encapsulated stamp
Cramoisi: (Fr.) crimson (color)
Crane & Co’s Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass., Bangor and Portland, Maine, used a label, 1859-60?
Cranes Express: phantom post, Pine St., N.Y.; used a stamp
Crane’s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Middleton, Mass., used a label, 1869
Crane’s Express-NJ: local parcel firm serviced Rahway, N.J. and New York City; used a label, year unknown
Crash cover: a cover saved from the wreck of a plane, train or other vehicle with a postal marking explaining the damaged condition, first recorded example was rescued from the crash of the Grand Trunk railway in Canada in 1873
Crazy perfs: irregular perforations caused by operator error or a malfunction of the feeding mechanism
Crease: a fold mark remaining on a postal piece
Creased paper: caused by a crease in the paper before or during the printing process
Creased stamp: crease happened after the printing
Crediton Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Crefeld: Krefeld
Crem: (Rom.) cream-colored
Crema: (It., Sp.) cream (color)
Creme: (Fr.) cream (color)
Cremisi: (It.) crimson (color)
Crescent: printer’s samples of John Waddington, Kirkstall Ltd., England
Crescent, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1834: built for the Levant, then to the Austrian Lloyd
Cressman & Co.’s Penny Post: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1856
Creta: (It., Sp.) Crete
Crete: Mediterranean island, south of Greece; currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 4 metalik = 1 grosion (1899), 100 lepta = 1 drachma (1900) 15th century-post: province of Turkey, 1898: British district of Heraklion (Candia) and Russian district of Rethymnon occupation forces issued stamps inscribed in Greek, 1898: No.1, 20 paras violet, stamps of France and Italy overprinted with name of the island, 1898-Dec. 15, 1914: stamps of Austria overprinted, 1899-pre: stamps of Turkey used, then stamps of joint occupying powers; Britain (1898-99), Russia (1899), Austria (1903-14), France (1903-13) and Italy (1900-12), 1899: declared autonomous republic, 1900, Mar.1: first stamps of Crete, 1901: first postage due stamp issued, 1908, Jan. 14: first official stamp issued, 1908: union with Greece declared, Cretan stamps overprinted “Hellas” (Crete) 1913, May 13: island became part of Greece, Greek stamps used, WW II: German military stamps overprinted “Inselpost” for German troops, Crete, British offices
Crete, Austrian offices: 1900s: operated in Canea, Candia and Rethymnon, 1903: stamps of Austria surcharged in francs and centimes, 1914, Dec.: offices closed
Crete-British Administration, forged issues: 1898-99 20 papa, Sc. 3, 5
Crete, British offices: 1898: special stamps issued for use from British post offices, 1899: post offices closed; British zone of joint administration includes France, Italy, Russia, 1898-1900: stamps issued until establishment of autonomous government
Crete, forged issue: 1905 Therison revolution, unissued
Crete, French Offices: 1902-03: No.1, 1 centime gray, “Crete” inscription/surcharge in Blanc, Mouchon and Merson key types, 1914: post offices closed
Crete, Italian offices: 1900: No.1, 1 piaster blue, stamps of Italy overprinted “La Canea” surcharged in Turkish currency, 1912: last issue appeared
Crete, Revolutionary Assembly of: 1905: stamps issued by rebels who tried to obtain unification of Crete with Greece
Crete, Russian offices: 1899, May 13-July 29: handstamped with Russian coat of arms for city of Rethymnon administration
Crevichon: Great Britain local carriage label, Jethou
Crevillente: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Crimea: South Russia; 1854-57: stamps of Britain used during Crimean campaign, 1918, Nov.-20: overprint on stamps of Russia by revolutionary Kuban (Tatar) government, 1918-post: occupied by French, Bolsheviks, Gen. Denikin, 1921: stamps of Ukraine surcharged for use in Crimea, WW II: occupied by Germans and made part of the Ukraine district, 1992-post: many bogus local post issues exist
Crimea Regional Government: 1918-19, issued two Russian surcharged stamps, one for currency; Russia, South
Crimée: (Fr.) Crimea
Criss-crossed: a term used to describe how the booklets are packaged in bulk for eventual distribution through certain vending machines; it doesn’t change the stamp or stamp format in any way
Cristal (papier): (Fr.) glassine
Crittenton, Charles N.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp
Croacia: (Sp.) Croatia
Croat, Administration of Bosnia: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia: Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia; official name of postal administration: Croatian Post Inc. currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar (1991), 100 bavida = 1 kuna, 100 lipas = 1 kuna (1994) 1918-pre: province of Hungary, 1918: overprint on stamps of Hungary, listed under Yugoslavia, 1921, Dec. 24: joined the UPU, 1941, April 12: No. 1, 50 paras orange, first semipostal, postage due stamps issued, 1941, Apr. 16: first postage due stamp issued, 1941, May 10: first semipostal stamp issued, 1942: first official stamp issued, 1943: stamp show held at Zagreb while occupied, 1945: became part of the Yugoslav Federation, 1951: bogus stamps by Croatia Government in Exile, 1991, Nov. 21: first stamps independent fromYugoslavia, declared independence, civil war between Croats and Serbs, 1991: first air mail stamps, 1992, July 20: rejoined the UPU, 1995: Croatian government regained control
Croatian Government in Exile: N. D. Hrvatska
Croatie: (Fr.) Croatia
Croazia: (It.) Croatia
Croce Rossa: (It.) Red Cross
Crociera Italiana 1924: overprint on stamps of Italy for propaganda tour, 1924
Croissant Rouge Turc: (Fr.) Turkey Red Cross semi-postals
Croix de Lorraine: (Fr.) Cross of Lorraine, Gaullist cross
Croix Rouge: (Fr.) inscription for Red Cross on semi-postals
Cromalin: photographer’s proof that prints exactly what is seen on the transparency, ®DuPont
Crooked Lake Steamer: steamer ran between Penn Yan and Hammondsport, N.Y. 1868, shield type handstamp
Crook, Oliver & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp
Crosby’s City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1870
Cross Border: cover collection of mail as it crossed the border between Canada and its provinces and the US from April 1851, when a combined rate between the two countries was established
Cross gutter block: a block of stamps with the intersection of the vertical and horizontal gutters
Crosshatching: a combination of various lines used to provide a background for a design
Crossing off: see: Bidding circle
Cross of Lorraine: (Fr.) double-barred cross symbol used as an anti-tuberculosis emblem on stamps and Christmas seals
Cross of Malta: a cross of eight points, formed of four triangles with their top points meeting in the center with their bases indented
Cross Pattée: Heraldic cross where the arms widen towards the outer extremities; which are formed of straight lines
Cross Post: British term for “cross road letters” that could go from one part of the country to another without having to go to London for rerouting; established in 1720
Cross Writing: In 1840 letters were partially charged by the number of pages in the letter; sender rotated the sheet of paper rotated one-quarter turn and wrote additionally across the lines already written
Crown Agents: originally a British official government body to act as “agents for the colonies” on Jan. 1, 1980, changed to providing arrange of philatelic services to various postal administrations throughout the world
Crown and Posthorn: newspaper stamps of Hungary
Crowned circle: circle with crown on top with word “Free” or “Paid” along with city, indicates that the postage has been prepaid or is not payable; used in British areas prior to introduction of adhesive stamps
Crown colony: a British colony directly under the control of the home government
Croydon – Gatwick Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Crozet Islands: 1876, Jan. 1: joined the UPU as a French Territory
C.R.p.P: correspondance Russe par Prusse (Fr.) mail from Russia via Prussia, 1866
Cruz Roja: (Sp.) Red Cross
Cruz Vermelha: (Port.) Red Cross Portugal semi-postal
Crveni Krst: stamps of Yugoslavia, Offices Abroad
CS: 1. precedes the European postal code on addresses in Czechoslovakia, such as CS-15000, Prague. 2. (It.) Correspondenza Sarda, pre-adhesive postmark on mail from Kingdom of Sardinia
Cs: overprint on stamps of Hungary to indicate validity, 1946
C. S.: Chief Secretary, South Australia official overprint,1868-74
CSA: Confederate States of America. CSA issues refer to the general and provisional stamp issues produced by the Confederacy
CSAC: Citizens Stamp Advisory Committee
Csád: (Hung.) Chad, Tschad
C. S. A. R.: Central South African Railways, Transvaal Railway stamps
Csatorna Szigetek: (Hung.) the Channel Islands
CSDA: Canadian Stamp Dealers Association
Cseh: (Hung.) Czech
Csehország: (Hung.) Czech Republic
Csehszlovák: (Hung.) Czechoslovakian
Csehszlovákia: (Hung.) Czechoslovakia
C.S.F.P.: (Fr.) “Chambre Syndicale Française de la Philatelie” French Philatelic Traders Society
CSG: Charles S. Gay, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher, Siderographer
C. Sgn.: Colonial Surgeon, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74
C.S.1.R.: (Fr.) Correspondance Sarde 1 Rayon, Kingdom of Sardinia Mail, First Radius; mail to nearby nations
C.S.I.R/VINCEREMO: (It.) bogus, Italian Expeditionary Force in Russia/We Will Win, overprint on stamps of Italy
C.S.N.E.T.P: (Fr.) “Chambre Syndicale des Negociants et Experts en Timbres-Poste” Philatelic Traders and Experts Society
Csomag: (Hung.) overprint on Hungarian inflation issues for parcel, 1946
Csomog: (Hung.) package, parcel
Csomagposta: (Hung.) parcel post
Cso Posta: (Hung.) pneumatic mail
C Stamp: US non-denominated stamp issued in 1981 with a value of 20¢
Csütörtök: (Hung.) Thursday
CT: (It.) “Corrispondenza Ticinese” prepayment hand stamp from Ticino Canton of Switzerland. 2: USPS abbreviation for Connecticut
Ct: (Fr.) abbreviation for carnet, booklet
C. T.: Commissioner of Titles, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74
CTA: (Sp.) abbreviation of “completa” used in auction catalogs, a complete set or series
C-T-C: Celebrate the Century, a term used by the USPS for the various sheets of postage stamps issued for the 1900s
CTO: see: Canceled-to-Order
CTOT: unit of currency on stamps of Bulgaria
Ctvrtek: (Czech.) Thursday
Ctyrblok: (Czech.) block-of-4
Ctyrblok s Deskovou Znackou: (Czech.) plate block-of-4; block-of-4 with plate marking(s)
CU: Cuba, country code as used by UPU
Cuadernillo: (Sp.) (stamp) booklet
Cuadriculado: (Sp.) quadrille
Cuautla: district in Mexico; 1856-83: overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1867: No.1, 2 reales black, provisional stamp during revolt to oust French from Mexico
Cuba: Largest island in the Caribbean, south of Florida; currency: 8 reales plata = 1 peso, 100 centesimos = 1 escudo = 1 pesata (1867), 1,000 milesimas = 100 centavos = 1 peso 1511-1898: under Spanish rule, 1855, Apr.: No.1, 1/2 reales plata blue-green, Spanish administration issued first stamps jointly valid with Puerto Rico, 1868-pre: no country name inscription, denominated in currency, 1868: stamps of Cuba handstamped Habilitado por la Nacion (Sp.) for use in the Philippines, 1873: Cuba had own stamps, inscribed “Ultramar” (overseas), 1877: first stamps inscribed “Cuba,” 1898, Dec. 19-1899: surcharge on stamps of Puerto Principe, Cuba with habilitado and new value; issued under administration of the U.S., 1899: postage due stamp issued, 1899, Sept. 30: five general use stamps issued under U.S. military rule, plus special delivery; printed by the U.S. Bureau of Printing and Engraving, 1902, May 20: Cuban republic established, 1902, Oct. 4: joined the UPU, 1909: became an independent republic, with a U.S. military base at Guantanamo, 1914: first postage due stamps issued under U.S. administration, 1917, Mar. 8: U.S. Marines land at Santiago, 1927, Nov.1: first air mail stamp issued, 1938, Nov. 23: first semipostal stamp issued, 1938, Dec. 1: first postal tax stamp issued
Cuba: overprint on U.S. Special delivery stamps for when territory was ceded to the U.S. following Spanish-American war in 1899
Cuba-American Postal Services: mail agencies in Cuba used U.S. stamps and special postmarks during Spanish-American War
Cuba impresos: inscription for newspaper stamps of Cuba under Spanish administration
Cubierta: (Sp.) government-issued label attached to insured mail in Colombia, 1865 to 1909
Cúcuta: city in Colombia, issued its own provisional stamps, 1900-06
Cuenca: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Cuernavaca: stamp issued for Mexican city during fighting to oust French from Mexico, 1867
Cuervo Gold, Republic of: liquor firm fantasy for Caribbean island
Cuevas Bajas: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937
Cuevas de Almanzora: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Cuevas de San Marcos: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937
Cuevas de Vinroma: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Cuevas del Becerro: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937
Cullar-Baza: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Cullera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Culoare, culorile: (Rom.) color, colors
Culture Carriers: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Culverston Local Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Cumbres Mayores: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937
Cumhuriyetin 15 inc yil donumu hatirasi: (Turk.) 15th anniversary of the Turkish Republic
Cumming’s City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1844
Cundinamarca: department in Colombia; 1870-1904: retained right to operate their own postal service and issue stamps, 1904: stamps of Colombia used
Cuneiform: ancient script on clay tablets, then baked and hardened, transmitted usually by the royal court
Cuño: (Sp.) die
C.U.P.A.E.: (Sp.) Congreso de la Unión Postal de las Américas y España, 1946
Curaçao: Dutch island colony off coast of Venezuela; currency: 100 cents = 1 gulden 1873, May 23: inscription of “Curaçao” on their own stamps, 1889: first postage due stamp issued, 1929: first air mail stamp issued, 1941: first official stamp issued, 1948: renamed Netherlands Antilles, 1949: inscription on stamps, “Ned. Antillen” and “Nederlandse Antillen” stamps used in other Netherlands Antilles islands; Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, Eustatius and part of St. Maartin. 1954: became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, 1986, Jan. 1: Aruba achieved a separate status and issued its own stamps; Aruba
Curie, Pierre and Marie: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1938
Curiosi: postal inspectors, Roman imperial postal system, about 250 BC
Curly head: nickname for Spanish stamps depicting curly hair of 12-year old King Alfonso XIII, 1898
Currency: the monetary value expressed on the postage stamps
Currency stamp: – British and French post office term for handstamps stating a specific amount of currency. – postage or fiscal stamps used as units of currency during coinage shortage
Current: term used to describe postal items that are presently available at the post office
Current number: numbers inserted in the margins of the plates of British and British Colonial stamps, indicating order in which printed, irrespective of the face value of the stamps, or the countries
Currier & Atkinson’s Express: local post serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Currier & Co.’s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Currier Express: local post serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Cursive: (Rom.) italics
Curtis & Brown: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp
Curtis & Brown Mfg. Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp
Curtis, Jeremiah & Son: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp
Curtis’s Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Curved plate: on rotary presses are used for most modern stamps; also known as cylindrical plate
Cuvertology: term for picture (illustrated) postcards in Germany, late 1800’s
Curzay: local provisional, France, 1944
Cusbah: Indian States term for village or township. Customs labels/markings: indicating that packages from another country have been examined for dutiable articles
Cushing Pony Express: local post operated between Houston, Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi during Civil War, used labels; 1862-64
Customs stamp: fiscal stamp to collect small sums payable as import duty
Cutar: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937
Cut cancellations: some canceling devices make cuts through revenue stamps and documents to prevent reuse; may also be hand cut
Cutcherry: Indian States term for court house, office
Cut close: imperforate stamps, if when separated by cutting, are cut too close to the design
Cut corner: part of the upper right corner of an envelope or card that has been removed
Cutie postala: (Rom.) mail box, letter box
Cut-outs: embossed stamps from postal stationery that are cut out and used as postage
Cut square: imperforate stamps cut from postal stationery with the corners of the original paper left intact
Cutter & Co. Express: private mail delivery firm serviced southeastern Canada, used labels, year unknown
Cutting and Co’s Express: local parcel delivery firm, serviced Boston, Mass., and parts of Maine; used labels; 1850?
Cuttings Despatch Post: U.S. local post, Buffalo, N.Y., 1847
Cut to register: watermarked paper cut so that the watermark design falls into correct position in each sheet of stamps
Cut to shape: 1: an essay or proof cut close to the edges of the design, following the shape of the frame; creating hybrid proofs. 2: Many British octagonal stamps were cut to the frame line of the design
Cuzco: town in Peru, provisional issues of Arequipa overprinted “Cuzco”; 1881-85: during war with Chile, “Franco/10/Cuzco” overprint on Peru postage due labels
CV: 1. catalog value. 2. Cape Verde, country code as used by UPU. 3. Charles Vermeule, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher, Siderographer
CVDeB: Clyde V. DeBinder, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; Plate Finisher, Siderographer
CVP: computer vended postage
CV da Trieste: (It.) Col Vapore da Trieste from Trieste by steamship, pre-adhesive postmark
CV da Venezia: (It.) Col Vapore da Venezia from Venice by steamship, pre-adhesive postmark
C.V.I.: Col Vapore Italiano (It.) by Italian steamer
C.VL.: (Fr.) Correspondence Valaisanne; pre-adhesive postmark used on Wallis region of Switzerland, 1935
Cvr: abbreviation for cover or postal stationery entire
C. W.: Canada West, when used in a postmark
Cwladfa Patagonia: bogus for Colony of Patagonia, Aegentina
CWO: cash with order
C. X. C.: Cyrillic overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina for Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia)
CY: Cyprus, country code as used by UPU
Cyanblå: (Dan., Swed.) cyano-blue (color)
Cycle Express Company, Limited: private delivery firm for letters, telegrams and messages; located in Coolgardie, Western Australia, late 1800s
Cylinder: used to print photogravure stamps, may be numbered
Cylinder number: in British and Commonwealth stamp sheets, if the number has a period, it is from the right side of the cylinder, if there is no period, it is from the left side; in more than one color is used, the numbers will be in the color applied by that particular cylinder. – plate number of an Andreotti or “A” Press printing cylinder
Cylinder paper watermark: By attaching pieces to the wire cloth covering the cylinder, fewer fibers were collected during the settling process, producing a watermark
Cylinderpressen: (Swed.) cylinder press
Cylinder seal stamps: earliest seal carvings were cylindrical symbols distributed around the curve of a small cylinder, 3500-2300 B.C., originated in Mesopotania; this was rolled on moist clay tablets
Cymru: Welsh propaganda label
Cypern: (Dan., Swed.) Cyprus
Cypher stamps: printed adhesives showing Great Britain’s monarch initials, used to cover the staple with which revenue documents were affixed to the documents, preventing their removal and reuse, 1701
Cyprus: Mediterranean island, off the coast of Turkey; official name of postal administration: Cyprus Postal Services currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 40 paras = 1 piaster, 9 piasters = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound (1955), 100 cents = 1 pound (1983) currency (Turkish Rep. of North Cyprus) 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound, 100 kurus = 1 lira (1978) 1517-1878: Turkish possession, 1864-post: stamps of Austrian Levant used at Austrian post office at Larnaca, 1878, July 28: British occupation, stamps of Britain used, 1880, Apr. 1: No.1, 1/2 penny rose, first stamps issued, British stamps overprinted “CYPRUS,” 1881, July 1: Cyprus definitives issued, 1878-81: British stamps used without overprint in some towns, 1881: replaced by British colonial first definitives, 1914: Britain annexed country, 1924: became a Crown Colony, 1939-45: British troop base, field post offices used, 1960, Aug. 16: became a republic within the British Commonwealth, 1961, Nov. 23: joined the UPU, 1974, Dec. 2: first postal tax stamp issued,1974, July 20: Turkey invaded Cyprus dividing the country, 1975, Feb. 13: Turkish Cypriot federated state declared, Turkish Cyprus stamps not recognized by the UPU, 1983, Nov. 15: Turkish area named Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Cyprus stamps show name of country in Greek, Turkish and English
Cyprus: overprint, Cyprus crossed out, replaced with Greek characters for Cyprus; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001
Cyprus Kypros Kibris: inscription on stamps of Cyprus with the country name in English, Greek and Turkish, 1962
Cyprus, Turkish Republic of Northern: northern 40% of the island of Cyprus; currency: 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound, 100 kurus = 1 Turkish lira (1978) 1974, July 27: No. 1, 3 m multicolor, 1983, Nov. 15: Turkey declared North Cyprus independent, 1995, July 24: first postal tax stamp; Cyprus
C. X. C.: Cyrillic overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina for Jugoslavia
Cyrenaica: Northern Africa on Mediterranean Sea; Province of Libya; 1901: Italian post office opened in Benghazi, 1911-pre: Turkish stamps used, 1912: ceded to Italy, incorporated with Tripolitania to form Libia, 1923, Oct. 24: No. 1, 20 centesimi olive-green/ brown-orange, first stamps were stamps of Italy overprinted “Cirenaica,” 1923-29: own stamps used at same time as stamps of Libya, 1925, June 1: first semipostal stamp issued, 1932, Jan.1: first air mail stamp issued, 1942-48: British stamps overprinted “M.E.F.” (Middle East Forces), M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1948, July 1-Dec. 1951: stamps of Britain overprinted “B.M.A. Tripolitania,” 1950, Feb. 6-Dec. 1951: stamps of Britain overprinted “B.A. Tripolitania,” 1950, July 1: first postage due stamp issued, 1951, Jan.16: stamps issued during period of autonomy, 1951, Dec. 24: overprinted “Libya,” stamps of Cyrenaica overprinted Libya for use in Cyrenaica
Cyrenaica: Italian Offices in Turkish Empire
Cyrénaïque: (Fr.) Cyrenaica
CZ: precedes the European postal code on addresses in the Czech Republic, such as CZ- 15021, Prague. – Czech (Rep.), country code as used by UPU
Czechoslovakia: formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, central Europe; official name of postal administration: Ceská Posta currency: 100 haleru = 1 koruna 1526-post: under Austrian Hapsburg rule, and Slovakia, part of the Kingdom of Hungary, 1918-pre: used stamps of Austria, 1918: local post operated by scouts in Prague, 1918, Oct.28: No. 1, 3 haleru red-violet, independence declared, Slovakia joins the Republic; first stamp issued in Hradcany Castle designs, 1918, Nov. 14: republic officially established, first postage due stamps issued, 1919: service began to return to normal, 1919: Austrian stamps overprinted as semipostals, 1920: first air mail stamp issued, 1920, May 18: joined the UPU, 1938: stamps of Czechoslovakia overprinted “Wir Sind Frei (Ger.) We Are Free; with a swastika, 1939, July 15: Czech stamps overprinted Böhmen u. Mahren as German protectorate, 1939-44: Böhmen u. Mahren inscription used, 1944-45: territory regained by Russian forces, issued its own stamps again, 1945: Czech stamps reissued, 1945: first official stamp issued, 1948: Peoples Republic established, 1969, Jan. 2: became a federal state, 1989: democratic government established, 1990: renamed the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, 1990. July: Slovakia declared sovereignty and union dissolved, 1993, Jan. 1: separated into Slovakia and the Czech Republic; 1993, March 18: rejoined the UPU; Bohemia and Moravia and Slovakia
Czechoslovakia, Siberian Legion (Legion Post): 1919-20: military stamps issued to raise money for Czech troops fighting in Russia
Czeladz: (Pol.) city produced 37×30 mm framed postpaid local City Post (violet) 1915-1918: local handstamp inscribed “Poczta / Czeladz / date between 2 lines / 5 fen.”
Czermin: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20
Czworoblok Znaczków: (Pol.) block-of-4 stamps
Czyl’s Penny Post: United States local post.

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